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Document ID (ISN)102774
CIS number 03-1633
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Smailyte G., Kurtinaitis J., Andersen A.
Title Mortality and cancer incidence among Lithuanian cement producing workers
Bibliographic information June 2004, Vol.61, No.6, p.529-534. 21 ref.
Abstract 2498 cement workers employed in the production units of a Lithuanian cement plant from 1956 to 2000 were followed up from January 1978 to December 2000. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated based on mortality and incidence rates for the overall Lithuanian population. Among male workers, significantly increased SMRs were found for all malignant neoplasms (SMR 1.3) and for lung cancer (SMR 1.4). The SIR for all cancers was 1.2. Excess risk was found for lung cancer (SIR 1.5) and bladder cancer (SIR 1.8). Also, there were indications of an increasing risk of lung and stomach cancers as a function of cumulated exposure to cement dust. Among female workers, the overall cancer incidence was not increased (SIR 0.8). This study supports the hypothesis that exposure to cement dust may increase the lung and bladder cancer risk.
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; cement industry; cancer; mortality; Lithuania
Descriptors (secondary) bladder tumour; lung cancer; gastrointestinal cancer; neoplasms; cohort study; sex-linked differences; frequency rates; hazard evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceLithuania; Norway
Subject(s) Materials, glass and ceramics
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Cement and concrete