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Document ID (ISN)102773
CIS number 03-1613
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Moshammer H., Neuberger M.
Title Lung cancer and dust exposure: Results of a prospective cohort study following 3260 workers for 50 years
Bibliographic information Feb. 2004, Vol.61, No.2, p.157-162. Illus. 25 ref.
Abstract To study the health effects of occupational dust exposure on life expectancy and specific causes of death, male workers residing in Vienna, Austria, were selected at age ≥40 (mean 54) years during preventive check-ups between 1950 and 1960, and were followed until death. Half (1630) were exposed at work to (non-fibrous) particulates. The non-exposed workers were matched for year, age and smoking status at the start of observation. Average life expectancy of those exposed was 1.6 years less than that of those non-exposed. Only a small part of this decrease in life expectancy was related to acknowledged occupational diseases such as silicosis and silico-tuberculosis. Chronic obstructive lung disease and cancer of the lung and stomach were found more frequently among those exposed.
Descriptors (primary) airborne dust; male workers; lung cancer; mortality; Austria
Descriptors (secondary) obstructive ventilatory impairment; pneumoconiosis with tuberculosis; gastrointestinal cancer; medical examinations; exposure evaluation; cohort study; long-term study; silicosis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustria
Subject(s) Dust, aerosols and related diseases
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)