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Document ID (ISN)102513
CIS number 03-1761
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Koksal N., Hasanoglu H.C., Gokirmak M., Yildirim Z., Gultek A.
Title Apricot sulfurization: An occupation that induces an asthma-like syndrome in agricultural environments
Bibliographic information Apr. 2003, Vol.43, No.4, p.447-453. 39 ref.
Abstract The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) exposure on the airways of the workers involved in apricot sulfurization. SO2 levels in air were measured on 15 apricot farms, while the symptom scores of 69 workers were recorded before, during and after SO2 exposure. Physical examination and pulmonary function tests of the workers were also done prior to and after exposure periods. The measured SO2 concentrations ranged between 106.6 and 721.0ppm. Dyspnoea (80%), cough (78%) and eye and nose irritation (83-70%) were the most commonly observed symptoms. The workers had significant decreases in pulmonary functions after SO2 exposure. Decrements in FEV1, FEV1/FVC%, and FEF25-75% showed that the acute effect of SO2 on pulmonary functions of the workers was mostly of the obstructive kind. It is concluded that acute exposure to SO2 induces "asthma-like syndrome" in apricot sulfurization workers.
Descriptors (primary) respiratory diseases; sulfur dioxide; agriculture; fruit processing and storing
Descriptors (secondary) irritants; obstructive ventilatory impairment; Turkey; symptoms; dyspnoea; respiratory function tests; asthma; one-second forced expiratory volume; exposure evaluation; cross-sectional study; maximal expiratory flow
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceTurkey
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Inorganic substances