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Document ID (ISN)102483
CIS number 03-1437
ISBN(s) 2-551-22423-3
Year 2003
Convention or series no. Etudes et recherches R-354
Author(s) Marchand G., Lalonde M., Pépin C., Beaudet Y., Boivin G., Villeneuve S.
Title Documenting the endotoxins that are present in the ambient air of textile plants handling cotton fibre in Quebec
Original title Documentation des endotoxines présentes dans l'air ambiant des usines textiles du Québec traitant la fibre de coton [in French]
Bibliographic information Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. 35p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: CAD 5.35.
Internet access [in French]
Abstract Approximately 13,000 textile industry workers in Quebec are exposed to cotton fibres. Now, it is known that the endotoxins contained in cotton can give rise to lung diseases. This report presents a research project aimed at examining the levels of these toxins at each of the various steps involved in cotton manufacturing, or as a function of raw cotton quality. Endotoxin concentrations in ambient air were determined at five textile plants using the chromogenic LAL (Limulus amoeabacyte lysate) method coupled with kinetic detection. It was thus possible to relate these concentrations to the processing steps and raw cotton quality, and to identify the conditions and techniques that needed modification to enable a better control of endotoxin concentrations at the workplace.
Descriptors (primary) cotton; bacterial toxins; determination in air; cotton industry; biological hazards
Descriptors (secondary) Quebec; report; lung diseases; carding; description of technique; weaving; limitation of exposure; exposure evaluation; sampling and analysis; spinning
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Textile and clothing industries
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Biological hazards