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Document ID (ISN)102063
CIS number 03-1460
ISSN - Serial title 0300-8134 - Journal of Human Ergology
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rajaratnam S.M.W.
Title Legal issues in accidents caused by sleepiness
Bibliographic information Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.107-111. 19 ref.
Abstract This paper describes legal cases involving accidents attributed to sleepiness or fatigue, mainly as a consequence of shift-work or prolonged work hours, in the United Kingdom, USA and Australia, how the legal systems are dealing with such incidents and how this may change in the future. Accidents related to sleepiness may result in criminal prosecution, for example in charges of culpable driving. For acts involving motor vehicle accidents, the legal question of voluntariness may be raised. Employers may be deemed liable for injuries of third parties caused by wrongful acts of employees committed in the course of their employment. In the future, it is likely that employers will need to take greater precautions to reduce sleepiness and fatigue in the workplace, especially where the risk to public and environmental safety, health and productivity are significant.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; responsibilities of employers; legal aspects; causes of accidents; sleep deprivation; drivers; fatigue
Descriptors (secondary) Australia; USA; criminal liability; case law; right of refusal; United Kingdom
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia; United Kingdom
Subject(s) Occupational physiology
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Fatigue
Criminal liability in OSH