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Document ID (ISN)102038
CIS number 03-1292
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Maître A., Collot-Fertey D., Anzivino L., Marques M., Hours M., Stoklov M.
Title Municipal waste incinerators: Air and biological monitoring of workers for exposure to particles, metals and organic compounds
Bibliographic information Aug. 2003, Vol.60, No.8, p.563-569. 33 ref.
Abstract In order to evaluate occupational exposure to toxic pollutants at municipal waste incinerators (MWIs), 29 male subjects working near the furnaces in two MWIs and 17 subjects not occupationally exposed to combustion-generated pollutants were studied. Individual air samples were taken throughout the shift, and urine samples were collected before and after. Stationary air samples were taken near potential sources of emission. It was found that atmospheric exposure levels to particles and metals were 10-100 times higher in MWls than at the control site. However, occupational exposure did not result in the infringement of any occupational threshold limit value. The main exposure sources were cleaning operations for particles, and residue transfer and disposal operations for metals. MWI workers were not exposed to higher levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons than workers who are routinely in contact with vehicle exhaust. The air concentrations of volatile organic compounds and aldehydes were low and did not appear to pose any significant threat to human health.
Descriptors (primary) organic compounds; metals; dust; exposure tests; fuel burning equipment; garbage incineration; aerosols
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; determination in urine; manganese; nickel; France; aldehydes; arsenic; aromatic hydrocarbons; lead; volatile substances; exposure evaluation; case-control study; breathing atmosphere; determination in air; cadmium; chromium; personal sampling
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Environmental pollution
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Waste collection and disposal
Inorganic substances