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Document ID (ISN)101987
CIS number 03-748
ISSN - Serial title 0003-4878 - Annals of Occupational Hygiene
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Brouwer D.H., Boeniger M.F., van Hemmen J.
Title Hand wash and manual skin wipes
Bibliographic information Oct. 2000, Vol.44, No.7, p.501-510. 39 ref.
Abstract Hand wash and skin wipes are major techniques that have been used for dermal exposure sampling. This paper reviews known methods and techniques, with an emphasis on sampling parameters and sampling efficiency. It was found that identified sampling protocols, including sampling techniques, deviate at possible key issues, which hampers comparisons of study results. It is recommended to conduct sampling efficiency studies prior to field sampling, under conditions that are similar with respect to exposure process, levels of skin loading and time of residence of the compound on the skin. Harmonization of sampling protocols is a first step in creating a database for better understanding the influence of sampling parameters on the performance of removal techniques to assess dermal exposure.
Descriptors (primary) pesticides; skin absorption; sampling methods; exposure evaluation; toxic substances
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; evaluation of technique; computerized data bases; length of exposure; sampling and analysis; field tests
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands; USA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Agricultural chemicals