|Document ID (ISN)||101986|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0003-4878 - Annals of Occupational Hygiene
|Convention or series no.
||Schneider T., Cherrie J.W., Vermeulen R., Kromhout H.
||Dermal exposure assessment
||Oct. 2000, Vol.44, No.7, p.493-499. Illus. 35 ref.
||A strategy for assessing dermal exposure based on a conceptual model is proposed, which draws on the experience gained for airborne contaminants, including the EN 689 standard for assessing exposure by inhalation. The large amount of air sampling data has provided good insight into the statistical properties of short-term and long-term exposure levels. For dermal exposure, an understanding of the distribution types and parameter values is beginning to emerge. Transport rates away from the skin contaminant layer determine the "memory" of a dermal sample and measurement principles are proposed depending on these rates. It is argued that uptake is the ultimate dermal exposure metric for risk assessment and should be the basis for devising dermal occupational exposure limits.
||skin contamination; skin absorption; mathematical models; exposure evaluation; hazard evaluation
||airborne dust; inhalation; limitation of exposure; description of technique; long-term exposure; sampling and analysis; air sampling; short-term exposure
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Denmark; United Kingdom; Netherlands|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)