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Document ID (ISN)101850
CIS number 03-870
ISSN - Serial title 0002-8894 - American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Clapp A.J., Bishop P.A., Smith J.F., Lloyd L.K., Wright K.E.
Title A review of fluid replacement for workers in hot jobs
Bibliographic information Mar.-Apr. 2002, Vol.63, No.2, p.190-198. 95 ref.
Abstract Prolonged work in hot environments leads to progressive water and electrolyte loss from the body. The rate of sweating varies among individuals and depends on the environmental conditions, but with protective clothing and in very hot environments, rates can reach 2.25L/h. Because hypohydration will impair physical performance and increases the risk of heat injury, consumption of fluids is necessary to prevent dehydration. Much of the research on rehydration has been conducted in sports settings. This review interprets the existing research literature on hydration to provide industrial hygienists and safety professionals with scientific bases for making recommendations regarding beverage availability and hydration practices. Although water fountains are very common, some previous research has reported that drinks containing low to moderate levels of electrolytes and carbohydrates may provide some significant advantages in industrial situations.
Descriptors (primary) occupational hygiene; hot workplaces; hydration
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; protective clothing; heat stress disease; work efficiency; drinking fountains; sweat rate; drinks at work; electrolytes; dehydration
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational physiology
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Heat and cold
Nutrition