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Document ID (ISN)101714
CIS number 03-775
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Dykeman R., Aguilar-Madrid G., Smith T., Jurez-Prez C.A., Piacitelli G.M., Hu H., Hernandez-Avila M.
Title Lead exposure in Mexican radiator repair workers
Bibliographic information Mar. 2002, Vol.41, No.3, p.179-187. Illus. 23 ref.
Abstract Lead exposure was investigated among 73 Mexican radiator repair workers employed in 31 repair shops, 12 members of their families (four children and eight wives) and 36 unexposed working controls. Exposure was assessed directly through the use of personal air sampling and hand wipe analyses. In addition, industrial hygiene inspections were performed, detailed questionnaires were administered and blood lead levels were measured. The mean values for blood lead of the radiator repair workers was 35.5g/dL, compared to 13.6g/dL for controls. Air lead levels ranged from 0 to 99g/m3 with a mean value of 19g/m3. The strongest predictors of elevated blood lead levels were smoking, the number of radiators repaired per day and the use of a uniform while at work, which were associated with blood lead elevations of 11.4g/dL, 1.95g/dL/radiator/day, and 16.4g/dL, respectively. Uniforms were not laundered regularly and consequently served as reservoirs of contamination on which workers frequently wiped their hands.
Descriptors (primary) small enterprises; Mexico; exposure evaluation; vehicle repair and servicing; lead
Descriptors (secondary) personal sampling; smoking; personal hygiene; questionnaire survey; developing countries; breathing atmosphere; determination in air; determination in blood; case-control study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceMexico; USA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Small and medium-sized enterprises
Exposure evaluation
Road transportation
Lead and compounds
Inorganic substances