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Document ID (ISN)101405
CIS number 03-491
ISSN - Serial title 0267-8373 - Work and Stress
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Van Horn J.E., Schaufeli W.B., Taris T.W.
Title Lack of reciprocity among Dutch teachers: Validation of reciprocity indices and their relation to stress and well-being
Bibliographic information July-Sep. 2001, Vol.15, No.3, p.191-213. Illus. 50 ref.
Abstract The validity of three indices of reciprocity in exchange relationships at work were studied. A total of 71 Dutch teachers were interviewed on their specific investments and outcomes in exchange relationships with students, colleagues and the school administration. Variance analysis revealed that they reported significantly more investments than outcomes, and that the number of reported investments and outcomes mentioned varied as a function of the type of exchange relationship. Multi-item scales were created to assess reciprocity for each of the exchange relationships, which were then validated by relating them to two global assessments of reciprocity as well as to measures of job stress and well- being. Analysis of data obtained from a further sample of 224 teachers revealed that for each type of exchange relationship, there were significant and consistent relationships among the three reciprocity indices.
Descriptors (primary) human relations; human behaviour; teaching; stress factors; mental health
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; psychology and sociology; Netherlands
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Mental health
Teaching and educational institutions
Psychological factors
Mental stress and burnout