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Document ID (ISN)101203
CIS number 03-479
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kanas N., Salnitskiy V., Grund E.M., Gushin V., Weiss D.S., Kozerenko O., Sled A., Marmar C.R.
Title Lessons learned from Shuttle/Mir: Psychological countermeasures
Bibliographic information June 2002, Vol.73, No.6, p.607-611. 25 ref.
Abstract This study of psychosocial issues during long-duration space missions involved five U.S. astronauts, eight Russian cosmonauts, and 42 U.S. and 16 Russian mission control personnel who participated in the Shuttle-Mir programme. Based on the findings, a number of psychosocial measures are suggested. During future manned space missions, crew members should be selected not only to rule out psychopathology but also to select for group compatibility and facility in a common language. Psychosocial training should involve both crew members and mission control personnel. During the mission, both experts on the ground and the crewmembers should be alert to potential interpersonal problems, including the displacement of negative emotions from the crew to the ground. Supportive activities should consist of both individual and interpersonal strategies, including an awareness of changing leisure time needs. Finally, attention should be given to post-mission readjustment and to support for the families.
Descriptors (primary) psychology and sociology; space travel; length of exposure
Descriptors (secondary) speech communication; human relations; Russian Federation; USA; international cooperation; mental health; psychological tests; behaviour study; psychology of work organization
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceRussian Federation; USA
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Space travel
Psychological factors