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Document ID (ISN)101075
CIS number 03-294
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Fuller D.C., Suruda A.J.
Title Occupationally related hydrogen sulfide deaths in the United States from 1984 to 1994
Bibliographic information Sep. 2000, Vol.42, No.9, p.939-942. Illus. 15 ref.
Abstract There is no unique code for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) poisoning in the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision. Therefore, fatalities due to H2S poisoning cannot always be identified easily. In this investigation, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) investigation records were reviewed for the period 1984 to 1994 for mention of hazardous substance 1480 (H2S). This allowed the highlighting of the occurrence of 80 fatalities from H2S in 57 incidents, with 19 fatalities and 36 injuries among coworkers attempting to rescue fallen workers. Only 17% of the deaths involved enterprises covered by collective bargaining agreements. OSHA issued citations for violation of respiratory protection and confined space standards in 60% of the fatalities. The use of H2S detection equipment, air-supplied respirators and confined space safety training would have prevented most of the fatalities.
Descriptors (primary) poisoning; fatalities; hydrogen sulfide; occupational accidents
Descriptors (secondary) public OSH institutions; USA; work in confined spaces; respirators; enforcement; disobeying safety instructions; statistical evaluation; classification; toxic atmosphere detection; safety training in industry; penalties
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic sulfur compounds
Inorganic substances