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Document ID (ISN)100985
CIS number 02-1679
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Dickel H., Kuss O., Schmidt A., Diepgen T.L.
Title Occupational relevance of positive standard patch-test results in employed persons with an initial report of an occupational skin disease
Bibliographic information Aug. 2002, Vol.75, No.6, p.423-434. Illus. 128 ref.
Abstract Standard patch-test results of employed persons with an initial report of an occupational skin disease were analysed within 24 occupational groups. An evaluation was made of employed persons recorded in the Register of Occupational Skin Diseases in Northern Bavaria between 1990 and 1999, catering for those standard screening tray allergens tested over the 10-year period. Nickel sulfate was the most common sensitizer (29.5%), showing occupational relevance in only 11% of the cases. Other common sensitizers were cobalt chloride (13.5%), p-phenylenediamine free base (10.7%), potassium dichromate (9.8%), fragrance mix (5.4%) and thiuram mix (4.2%). The most occupationally relevant sensitizers were thiuram mix (71%), epoxy resin (67%) and p-phenylenediamine free base (59%). Occupational groups at risk of acquiring delayed-type sensitization were, in particular, electroplaters, tile setters, construction and cement workers, solderers and workers in the wood, leather and fur industries.
Descriptors (primary) occupational diseases; skin diseases; classification; skin tests; exposure tests; sensitizers
Descriptors (secondary) epoxy resins; nickel sulfate; cobalt (II) chloride; p-phenylenediamine; electroplating; potassium dichromate; floor laying; cement; building industry; leather and fur industries; soldering and brazing
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Skin diseases