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Document ID (ISN)100806
CIS number 02-1692
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nettis E., Colanardi M.C., Soccio A.L., Ferrannini A., Tursi A.
Title Occupational irritant and allergic contact dermatitis among healthcare workers
Bibliographic information Feb. 2002, Vol.46, No.2, p.101-107. Illus. 32 ref.
Abstract Occupational irritant contact dermatitis among health-care workers is due to exposure to a wide range of irritants such as soap, solvents, cleaning agents and protective gloves which remove the surface lipid layer and produce cellular damage. Data on 360 patients working in health-care environments and experiencing contact dermatitis at their hands, wrists and forearms were selected from the database of an allergy department of a university hospital. Allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis were considered to be work-related in 16.5% and 44.4% of diagnoses, respectively. The major aetiological agents were nickel sulfate, components of disinfectants and rubber chemicals. The best treatment is to avoid these allergens or to reduce their contact by using properly-selected protective gloves. Subjects with atopic dermatitis should avoid wet work and contact with irritants, since atopic dermatitis is significantly associated with irritant contact dermatitis.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; soaps; latex; health care personnel; rubber chemicals; solvents; disinfectants; dermatitis
Descriptors (secondary) protective gloves; irritants; sensitization dermatitis; nickel sulfate; Italy; individual susceptibility; eczema; diagnosis; hospitals; allergy tests; skin tests; aetiology
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Skin diseases