|Document ID (ISN)||100806|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
|Convention or series no.
||Nettis E., Colanardi M.C., Soccio A.L., Ferrannini A., Tursi A.
||Occupational irritant and allergic contact dermatitis among healthcare workers
||Feb. 2002, Vol.46, No.2, p.101-107. Illus. 32 ref.
||Occupational irritant contact dermatitis among health-care workers is due to exposure to a wide range of irritants such as soap, solvents, cleaning agents and protective gloves which remove the surface lipid layer and produce cellular damage. Data on 360 patients working in health-care environments and experiencing contact dermatitis at their hands, wrists and forearms were selected from the database of an allergy department of a university hospital. Allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis were considered to be work-related in 16.5% and 44.4% of diagnoses, respectively. The major aetiological agents were nickel sulfate, components of disinfectants and rubber chemicals. The best treatment is to avoid these allergens or to reduce their contact by using properly-selected protective gloves. Subjects with atopic dermatitis should avoid wet work and contact with irritants, since atopic dermatitis is significantly associated with irritant contact dermatitis.
||allergens; soaps; latex; health care personnel; rubber chemicals; solvents; disinfectants; dermatitis
||protective gloves; irritants; sensitization dermatitis; nickel sulfate; Italy; individual susceptibility; eczema; diagnosis; hospitals; allergy tests; skin tests; aetiology
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Italy|
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Health care services