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Document ID (ISN)100764
CIS number 02-1862
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hodous T.K., Washenitz F., Newton B.
Title Occupational burns from oxygen resuscitator fires: The hazard of aluminum regulators
Bibliographic information July 2002, Vol.42, No.1, p.63-69. Illus. 28 ref.
Abstract There were more than 30 incidents of oxygen resuscitator fires in the United States during the period 1996-2002, causing severe burns to fire fighters, ambulance workers, emergency medical service personnel, health care workers and patients. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was requested to investigate three such incidents. NIOSH conducted site investigations of the incidents, and the oxygen resuscitators were sent to a testing laboratory for analysis of the fire causes. The three investigated fires were associated with aluminium regulators from the same manufacturer, mounted on oxygen cylinders. It was found that the cause of the fires was an initial small ignition in the high-pressure area of the aluminum regulator, which then resulted in a massive burnout. Aluminium regulators used with compressed oxygen cylinders are subject to potentially catastrophic combustion during normal use. Replacement of such regulators as well as education and improved safety practices are needed to reduce this hazard.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; fire fighting; first-aid and rescue organization; resuscitation equipment; burns; oxygen breathing apparatus; emergency services
Descriptors (secondary) compressed gases; analysis of accident causes; public OSH institutions; gas cylinders; fire hazards; pressure reducing valves; aluminium
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) First aid and emergency organization
Fires
Respiratory protection