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Document ID (ISN)100754
CIS number 02-1841
ISBN(s) 2-551-21640-0
Year 2002
Convention or series no. Etudes et recherches R-315
Author(s) Samuel O., St-Laurent L., Dumas P., Langlois E., Gingras G.
Title Pesticides in greenhouses - Characterization of the exposure of workers and evaluation of re-entry times
Original title Pesticides en milieu serricole - Caractérisation de l'exposition des travailleurs et évaluation des délais de réentrée [in French]
Bibliographic information Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, Oct. 2002. [1 vol. ] Illus. 116 ref.
Internet access http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-315.pdf [in French]
Abstract Botanical garden workers are subject to health hazards resulting from their exposure to pesticides in confined spaces such as greenhouses. In this study, the behaviour of foliar residues was evaluated for several representative pesticides between the time of application and of the re-entry of workers in the greenhouses. Skin exposure risks were evaluated by a hand washing method as well as through the use of a fluorescent marker. Workers' total exposure was determined by measuring urinary metabolites excreted over a post-exposure period of 24 hours. Cholinesterase activity variations were measured in cases where organophosphorus insecticides were applied. Results show that workers remain exposed when returning to greenhouses the day after applying pesticides. However, the levels of exposure measured are generally low. Use of gloves would allow to further decrease the level of exposure. Several other preventive measures are proposed.
Descriptors (primary) pesticides; exposure tests; horticulture; confined spaces
Descriptors (secondary) cholinesterase monitoring; protective gloves; organophosphorus compounds; pesticide spraying; limitation of exposure; exposure evaluation; determination in urine; cholinesterase
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Agriculture
Agricultural chemicals
Confined spaces