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Document ID (ISN)100610
CIS number 02-1942
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Averhoff F.M., Moyer L.A., Woodruff B.A., Deladisma A.M., Nunnery J., Alter M.J., Margolis H.S.
Title Occupational exposures and risk of hepatitis B virus infection among public safety workers
Bibliographic information June 2002, Vol.44, No.6, p.591-596. 23 ref.
Abstract A questionnaire and seroprevalence survey was conducted to determine the frequency and type of occupational exposures (OEs) and the risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection experienced by public safety workers (PSWs). Of the 2910 PSWs who completed the survey, 6.8% reported at least one OE in the previous 6 months, including needlestick (1.0%), being cut with a contaminated object (2.8%), mucous membrane exposure to blood (0.9%), and being bitten by a human (3.5%). The rate of OE varied by occupation with 2.7% of firefighters, 3.2% of sheriff officers, 6.6% of corrections officers, and 7.4% of police officers reporting ≥1 OE. The HBV infection prevalence was 8.6%, and after adjustment for age and race, it was comparable to the overall US prevalence and did not vary by occupation. Administration of hepatitis B vaccine to PSWs early in their careers will prevent HBV infection associated with occupational and non-OEs.
Descriptors (primary) fire fighting; infectious hepatitis; prison services; police forces; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) non-occupational factors; subjective assessment; hazard evaluation; exposure evaluation; violence; questionnaire survey; wounds; needle-stick injuries; determination in blood; mucous membranes
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceIndonesia; USA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Browse category(ies) Liver diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)
Fire fighting, police, prisons and the armed forces
Violence and terrorism
Fires
Bacterial and parasitic diseases