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Document ID (ISN)100601
CIS number 02-1782
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wortley P.M., Caraballo R.S., Pederson L.L., Pechacek T.F.
Title Exposure to secondhand smoke in the workplace: Serum cotinine by occupation
Bibliographic information June 2002, Vol.44, No.6, p.503-509. 30 ref.
Abstract To examine workplace exposure in the United States to second-hand smoke by occupation, data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988 to 1994), a nationally representative sample of the non-institutionalized population was analysed. The analysis was restricted to 4952 employed nonsmoking adults who reported no home exposure to cigarette smoke. Occupations were assigned to 40 groups and seven categories. Among the categories, geometric mean serum cotinine (ng/mL) ranged from 0.09 for farming/forestry/fishing occupations to 0.22 for operators/fabricators/labourers (median, 0.16). The lowest values were observed among farmers and nursery workers (0.06) and the highest among waiters (0.47). Between 1988 to 1991 and 1991 to 1994, the overall geometric mean cotinine and the proportion reporting that they could smell smoke at work decreased significantly.
Descriptors (primary) cotinine; exposure tests; determination in blood; passive smoking
Descriptors (secondary) waiters, waitresses and bartenders; job-exposure relation; exposure evaluation; smoking
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Smoking
Heterocyclic compounds
Passive smoking
Biological monitoring