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Document ID (ISN)100552
CIS number 02-1836
ISBN(s) 951-802-491-X
Year 2002
Convention or series no. People and Work Research Reports 51
Author(s) Saarinen L.
Title Recent development of exposure to gasoline in the distribution chain
Bibliographic information Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Publication Office, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2002. 68p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Abstract Gasoline is a complex mixture of aliphatic and cyclo-aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons (primarily benzene) and methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE). The objective of this study was to evaluate the exposure to these substances among tank truck drivers delivering gasoline to service stations as well as harbour and storage depot workers. Samples were collected in the workers' breathing zone. Tank truck drivers typically are involved in three loading or unloading operations per day, lasting an average of half an hour. During these tasks, the concentration of C3-C11 hydrocarbons, MTBE and benzene varied between 5-500, 1-20mg/m3 and 0.25-17.5mg/m3 respectively. The exposure of harbour and depot workers was significantly lower. Exposure levels have decreased considerably in recent years with the introduction of vapour recovery systems.
Descriptors (primary) Finland; methyl t-butyl ether; benzene; exposure evaluation; drivers; tank trucks; motor fuel
Descriptors (secondary) report; aromatic hydrocarbons; harbours; service stations and repair shops; aliphatic hydrocarbons; air sampling; determination in air; alicyclic hydrocarbons; storage tanks
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Ethers
Road transportation