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Document ID (ISN)100441
CIS number 02-1410
ISSN - Serial title 0034-8732 - Prevenciˇn
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Carol Llopart S.
Title Study of the accident that occurred in Toulouse on 21 September 2001
Original title Estudio del accidente ocurrido en Toulouse el 21 de septiembre de 2001 [in Spanish]
Bibliographic information Jan.-Mar. 2002, No.159, p.8-17. Illus. 19 ref.
Abstract This article describes the accidental explosion which occurred in Toulouse, France, on 21 September 2001 in an ammonium nitrate warehouse of a fertilizer plant. The explosion caused 29 fatalities and 650 injuries and was the most severe accident having occurred during the last 25 years in industrialized countries. The information on the cause of the accident not being available at the time of writing, the article reviews similar accidents, describes the physical and chemical properties of ammonium nitrate and analyses the mechanism of the reaction which probably caused the explosion. Finally, it presents a theoretical model of the consequences of accidents based on the explosion behaviour of trinitrotoluene (TNT).
Descriptors (primary) chemical industry; France; major hazards; explosions; fertilizers; ammonium azide
Descriptors (secondary) analysis of accident causes; exothermic reactions; ammonium nitrate; fatalities; sources of ignition
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSpain
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Inorganic substances
Major hazards
Chemical industry