ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)100362
CIS number 02-1237
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Henneberger P.K., Metayer C., Layne L.A., Althouse R.
Title Nonfatal work-related inhalations: Surveillance data from hospital emergency departments, 1995-1996
Bibliographic information Aug. 2000, Vol.38, No.2, p.140-148. 36 ref.
Abstract National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data from hospital emergency rooms in the USA were used to estimate the number of nonfatal work-related inhalation injuries and illnesses from July 1995 to July 1996. There were an estimated 44,423 occupational inhalation cases nationwide, with an annual rate of 3.6 cases/104 workers/year The rate for men (4.4 cases/104) was greater than that observed for women (2.6 cases/104), and the rates tended to decline with increasing age. An estimated 4.6% of the cases were hospitalized for further treatment. The highest rate by industry was 16.4 cases/104 for public administration (which included fire and police departments). Among non firefighters, there were an estimated 6,470 cases nationwide in which respiratory symptoms or conditions were noted, which yielded an annual rate of 0.5 cases/104. Chlorine compounds were a common agent for the cases with adverse respiratory outcomes. It is concluded that the NEISS data provides an efficient method for assessing the national frequency of work-related inhalation injuries and illnesses.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; occupational diseases; inhalation toxicity; respiratory diseases; injuries; inhalation
Descriptors (secondary) fire fighting; USA; statistics; emergency services; frequency rates; sex-linked differences; police forces; chlorine and compounds; computerized data bases; age-linked differences
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)