|Document ID (ISN)||100362|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Henneberger P.K., Metayer C., Layne L.A., Althouse R.
||Nonfatal work-related inhalations: Surveillance data from hospital emergency departments, 1995-1996
||Aug. 2000, Vol.38, No.2, p.140-148. 36 ref.
||National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data from hospital emergency rooms in the USA were used to estimate the number of nonfatal work-related inhalation injuries and illnesses from July 1995 to July 1996. There were an estimated 44,423 occupational inhalation cases nationwide, with an annual rate of 3.6 cases/104 workers/year The rate for men (4.4 cases/104) was greater than that observed for women (2.6 cases/104), and the rates tended to decline with increasing age. An estimated 4.6% of the cases were hospitalized for further treatment. The highest rate by industry was 16.4 cases/104 for public administration (which included fire and police departments). Among non firefighters, there were an estimated 6,470 cases nationwide in which respiratory symptoms or conditions were noted, which yielded an annual rate of 0.5 cases/104. Chlorine compounds were a common agent for the cases with adverse respiratory outcomes. It is concluded that the NEISS data provides an efficient method for assessing the national frequency of work-related inhalation injuries and illnesses.
||occupational accidents; occupational diseases; inhalation toxicity; respiratory diseases; injuries; inhalation
||fire fighting; USA; statistics; emergency services; frequency rates; sex-linked differences; police forces; chlorine and compounds; computerized data bases; age-linked differences
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
||Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)