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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)100339
CIS number 02-1246
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wong O., Harris F.
Title Cancer mortality study of employees at lead battery plants and lead smelters, 1947-1995
Bibliographic information Sep. 2000, Vol.38, No.3, p.255-270. 12 ref.
Abstract To examine the cancer mortality of male workers exposed to lead in the United States, a cohort of 4,518 workers at lead battery plants and 2,300 at lead smelters was examined. Vital status was ascertained between 1947 and 1995. Site-specific cancer standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), based on the mortality rates of the U.S. male population and adjusted for age and calendar time, were calculated for the total cohort as well as subcohorts stratified by various exposure parameters. In addition, a nested case-control study of stomach cancer (30 cases and 120 age-matched controls) was also conducted. Results indicate a significant mortality increase from stomach cancer. A small, but statistically significant mortality increase from lung cancer and from cancer of the thyroid and other endocrine glands was also observed. No increased mortality was found for kidney cancer, bladder cancer, cancer of the central nervous system, lymphatic cancer and haematopoietic cancer.
Descriptors (primary) lead; mortality; foundries; battery and dry cell manufacture; cancer
Descriptors (secondary) USA; lung cancer; gastrointestinal cancer; thyroid cancer; long-term study; frequency rates; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Manufacturing of electrical appliances and equipment
Lead and compounds