|Document ID (ISN)||100068|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Chia S.E., Shi L.M.
||Review of recent epidemiological studies on paternal occupations and birth defects
||Mar. 2002, Vol.59, No.3, p.149-155. 56 ref.
||Epidemiological studies on paternal occupations and birth defects were reviewed for the period from 1989 to 1999. Several common paternal occupations were repeatedly reported to be associated with birth defects, including janitors, painters, printers, and occupations exposed to solvents; fire fighters or firemen; and occupations related to agriculture. The common weaknesses in most of these studies are inaccurate assessment of exposures, different classification systems, different inclusion criteria of birth defects, and low statistical power. Future studies could be focused on these specific occupational groups so that causative agents may be confirmed enabling appropriate preventive measures to be taken.
||children; risk factors; teratogenic effects; parental exposure
||literature survey; fire fighting; printing industry; epidemiology; domestic and related helpers, cleaners; organic solvents; genetic effects; agriculture; painting
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Singapore|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Antifertility and prenatal effects