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ILO-CIS Bulletin 2008/06

CIS 08-1251 --- CIS 08-1500

Laws, regulations, directives
Training materials and practical information
Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals
   001 General safety, health and conditions of work
   002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology
   003 Industries and occupations
   004 New technologies
   005 Chemical safety
   006 Fires, explosions and major hazards
   008 Physical hazards
   009 Mechanical hazards, transport
   010 Biological hazards
   011 Physiology, ergonomics
   012 Stress, psychosocial factors


Laws, regulations, directives

CIS 08-1251 Law on the prevention and control of occupational diseases [China]. (Chinese: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo zhiye bingfang zhifa) Internet document, 2001. 7p. (Chinese version), 18p. (English version). (In Chinese, English)

Internet:
http://www.asianlii.org/cn/legis/cen/laws/pacoodl477/

http://www.gov.cn/banshi/2005-08/01/content_19003.htm

This law was adopted on 27 Oct. 2001 and promulgated by Order No. 60 of the President of the People's Republic of China on the same day. It came into effect on 1 May 2002. Contents: general provisions (scope: all activities within the People's Republic of China); preliminary prevention; prevention and control in the course of work; diagnosis of occupational diseases and social security for occupational disease victims; supervision and inspection; legal responsibility. (109000)

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CIS 08-1252 Regulation 27/1996 (28 Aug.) of the Ministry of Welfare concerning the notification and investigation of occupational diseases and cases of increased exposure [Hungary]. (Hungarian: 27/1996. (VIII. 28.) NM rendelet a foglalkozási betegségek és fokozott expozíciós esetek bejelentéséről és kivizsgálásáról) Magyar Közlöny, 28 Aug. 1996, No.71, p.4524-4539. Archival copy is from an Internet site. (In Hungarian)

Internet:

http://net.jogtar.hu/jr/gen/hjegy_doc.cgi?docid=99600027.NM

This Regulation applies to all employees in Hungary with the exception of those to whom other legal provisions apply (people carrying out emergency and disaster relief, and people involved in the armed forces, the police and prison services). Contents: definitions; notification of occupational diseases and cases of heightened exposure; investigation of the circumstances that gave rise to occupational diseases or heightened exposure. In annex: classified list of occupational diseases subject to notification (those due to chemical, physical, biological and other [overuse, psychosocial and ergonomic] factors); prescribed contents of notification forms. (108802)

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CIS 08-1253 Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing ... [European Union]. (French: Règlement (CE) n°1907/2006 du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 18 décembre 2006 concernant l'enregistrement, l'évaluation et l'autorisation des substances chimiques, ainsi que les restrictions applicables à ces substances (REACH), instituant une agence européenne des produits chimiques, modifiant la directive 1999/45/CE et abrogeant ... [Union européenne]; Spanish: Reglamento (CE) n°1907/2006 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 18 de diciembre de 2006, relativo al registro, la evaluación, la autorización y la restricción de las sustancias y preparados químicos (REACH), por el que se crea la Agencia Europea de Sustancias y Preparados Químicos, se modifica la Directiva 1999/45/CE y se derogan ...) Official Journal of the European Union - Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, 30 Dec. 2006, No.L 396, p.1-849. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:396:0001:0849:EN:PDF

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:396:0001:0852:ES:PDF

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:396:0001:0849:FR:PDF

Major new Regulation concerning the safe use of chemicals, imposing requirements on manufacturers, importers and those bringing goods on the market (entry into force: different times between 1.6.2007 and 1.6.2009, depending on the section). The Regulation is organized as follows: general issues (aims, definitions); registration of substances; data sharing and avoidance of unnecessary testing; information in the supply chain; downstream users; evaluation; authorization; restrictions on the manufacturing, placing on the market and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations; establishment of a European Chemicals Agency; classification and labelling inventory; information matters; competent authorities; enforcement. The following are repealed: Regulations No.793/93 (CIS 93-1430) and No.1488/94; Directives 76/769/EEC (CIS 92-22), 91/155/EEC (CIS 93-1425), 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC (CIS 96-17) and 2000/21/EC. Major annexes: General provisions for assessing substances and preparing chemical safety reports; Guide to the compilation of safety data sheets; Criteria for substances registered in quantities between 1 and 10 tonnes; Exemptions from the obligations to register; Information requirements; Standard information requirements for substances manufactured or imported (depending on quantity, with thresholds set at 1t, 10t, 100t and 1000t); General rules for adaptation of the standard testing regime; General provisions for downstream users to assess substances and prepare chemical safety reports; Criteria for the identification of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances, and very persistent and very bioaccumulative substances; List of substances subject to authorization; Dossiers; Socio-economic analysis; Restrictions on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of certain dangerous substances, preparations and articles (this includes extensive lists of substances that are completely prohibited, prohibited for certain uses, or are restricted to very small concentrations). (108933)

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Training materials and practical information

CIS 08-1254 Investigation - Interactive CD-ROM on ships' inspection. (French: Investigation - CD-ROM interactif sur l'inspection des navires; Spanish: Investigation - CD-ROM interactivo sobre la inspección de los buques) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. CD-ROM. Requires installation of QuickTime (included)., ISBN 92-2-01259-5 (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:



The aim of this interactive CD-ROM on ships' inspection is for use in the initial training of maritime labour inspectors, by confronting them with real cases as encountered on board. Contents: arriving on board; checking the ship's documents; crew accommodation; prevention of accidents; garbage storage and disposal; engine room and workshops. (108801)

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[ Top of page ]

Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals


001 General safety, health and conditions of work

CIS 08-1255 Inspection and strategies against occupational accidents. (Spanish: Inspección y estrategias contra la siniestralidad laboral) Yébenes Saelices F., Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 2007, No.179, p.18-25. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://documentacion.apa.es/pdfs/revista/P179_2.pdf

This article discusses the role of occupational safety and health inspectors in addressing the societal problem of occupational accidents. Contents: introduction; trends in opinion; the inspectors' perspective; proposals made during two congresses held in 2005 and 2006. (108844)

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CIS 08-1256 Accidents and their prevention. (Portuguese: Acidentes e sua prevenção) Almeida I.M., Jackson Filho J.M., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2007, Vol.32, No.115, p.7-18. 36 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20115%20Apresentação.pdf

Review article on occupational accidents and their prevention, particularly in Brazil. Topics addressed include: need for a fresh look into accident research; challenges for prevention; new concepts in understanding the causes of accidents; comment on an airplane collision accident; brief literature review; problem of the numerous undeclared accidents occurring each day. (108861)

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CIS 08-1257 Occupational accidents investigated by CEREST Piracicaba: Confronting the traditional approach of safety at work. (Portuguese: Acidente do trabalho investigado pelo CEREST Piracicaba: confrontando a abordagem tradicional da segurança do trabalho) Vilela R.A.G., Mendes R.W.B., Gonçalves C.A.H., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2007, Vol.32, No.115, p.29-40. Illus. 26 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20115%20Acidente%20investiga
   …do%20pelo%20Cerest.pdf

Enterprises mostly present simplistic explanations of occupational accidents, whereby the victims are blamed for the events, and aspects of work organization or equipment design get ignored. This article presents the analysis of occupational accident data conducted by the System of Surveillance of Occupational Accidents (SIVAT) at the Centre of Reference on Workers' Health (CEREST) in Piracicaba, Brazil, using cases notified by all emergency rooms and hospitals of the municipal district. The methodology involves interviews, analysis of documents, photographic records, observation and investigation. Such an approach could suggest solutions for safety improvements. (108863)

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CIS 08-1258 Occupational Safety and Health Statistics Bulletin. (Chinese: Zhiye anquan ji jiankang tongji shuzi jianbao) Occupational Safety and Health Statistics Bulletin, May 2008, No.8, p.1-8 (whole issue). Illus. (In Chinese, English)

Internet:
http://www.labour.gov.hk/eng/osh/pdf/Bull08.pdf

http://www.labour.gov.hk/osh/pdf/Bull08.pdf

The statistics in this bulletin provide information and analysis on work-related accidents and confirmed cases of occupational disease in Hong Kong during the year 2007, with breakdowns by economic sectors and trends from 1998 to 2007. In 2007, the number of occupational injuries in all workplaces stood at 43,979, a decrease of 6.3% over 2006, while the injury rate per 1000 employees also decreased from 18.4 to 16.9 or 8.3%. The total number of occupational diseases in 2007 was 177, a substantial decease from the 264 cases recorded in 2006. They primarily consisted of silicosis, hearing loss and tensynovitis of hand and forearm, as well as tuberculosis among health care workers. (108820)

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CIS 08-1259 Health services utilization by workers who have suffered an occupational injury. (Portuguese: A utilização de serviços de saúde por acidentados de trabalho) Santana V.S., Araújo G.R., Espírito-Santo J.S., Araújo-Filho J.B., Iriart J., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2007, Vol.32, No.115, p.135-144. 16 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20115%20Utilizacao%20de%20se
   …rvicos%20de%20saude.pdf

This study describes health services use by workers reporting occupational injuries. Data were obtained from a community-based cohort study on health and work that started in the year 2000, involving workers from 2512 randomly-selected families in the city of Salvador, Brazil. A total of 628 occupational injuries were reported during the twelve months prior to the study. The majority (71%) of injured workers received medical treatment in facilities of the unified health system (SUS), a public health care system providing universal coverage. Around 15% received treatment from private health insurance plans. Among SUS users, most had no formal job contracts, although their services were also used by insured workers. Other findings are discussed. (108866)

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CIS 08-1260 OSH - A societal responsibility. Al-Tuwaijri S., Lehtinen S., Konkolewsky H.H., Saiyed H., Yoosuf A.S., Lisong S., Braun M., Pokharel P.K., Raut P., Kähkönen E., Kesavachandran, S.N., Bihari V., Chatterjee D., Dhatrak S., Nandi S., Mandal B.B., Narwadiya S., Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Sep. 2008, Vol.15, No.2, p.27-43 (whole issue). Illus. 27 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/01710FEE-4BCF-4D59-8764-3411DC946F9B/0/Asiannewsl
   …etter208.pdf

Collection of articles on social aspects of occupational safety and health of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: need for a global response to global safety and health challenges; review of the XVIII World Congress on Safety and Health at Work (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 29 June - 2 July 2008); social aspects of occupational safety and health; occupational safety and health in the Chinese offshore oil sector; social aspects of occupational safety and health in China; establishment of an occupational safety and health unit in Nepal; lung function abnormalities among welders in India; respiratory morbidity among miners in a region of India. (108934)

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CIS 08-1261 Practical tools. Pule T.A., Kogi K., Nickels L., Rantanen J., Muianga C.V., Kiwekete H.M., Jawara S., Lehtinen S., African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Aug. 2008, Vol.18, No.2, p.23-43 (whole issue). Illus. 43 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/CA1C3F25-C9CB-4477-838D-6257846ADFB4/0/AfricanNew
   …sletter22008taitto.pdf

Collection of articles on occupational safety and health tools of relevance to African countries. Contents: role of ergonomic checkpoints for safer and healthier work; library of educational materials and teaching tools for workers' health; basic practices in occupational health services; chemical exposure evaluation in small mechanical workshops in Mozambique; description of a practical tool for ensuring safety at the workplace; improvements in occupational safety and health practices in Gambia; review of the XVIII World Congress on Safety and Health at Work (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 29 June - 2 July 2008). (108936)

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CIS 08-1262 20 years of these risk maps. (Spanish: 20 años de aquellos mapas de riesgos) Fraile Cantalejo A., Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, Jan. 2008, No.45, p.32-41. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:

This article reviews 20 years of history in the use of risk mapping in Spain since the presentation by the INSHT of the results of the first study in this field. (108963)

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CIS 08-1263 History of occupational safety and health. (French: Les antécédents de la santé et de la sécurité du travail) Ouellet F., Travail et santé, Mar. 2008, Vol. 24, No.1, p.24-29. Illus. 1 ref. (In French)

Internet:

This is the first of a series of articles on a book entitled "OSH, a system that has been perverted from its mission", published in 2003. The aim of the series of articles is to enable the reader to take a critical view on OSH issues and the impact of decisions taken in this important aspect of work. The key issues contained in the book are presented in a manner aimed at encouraging constructive thinking. This first article reviews the history of OSH and working conditions in 19th century Canada. (109007)

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CIS 08-1264 Occupational injuries compensated in Québec in 2000-2002: I - Statistical profile by economic activity. (French: Lésions professionnelles indemnisées au Québec en 2000-2002 : I - Profil statistique par activité économique) Duguay P., Massicotte P., Prud'homme P., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. xix, 143p. Illus. 26 ref. Price: CAD 15.75. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-231-3 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-547.pdf

Every five years, the IRSST produces indicators that measure the frequency and severity of compensated occupational injuries in Quebec. These indicators are used mainly as input for the scientific research programme and the development of prevention programmes, as well as a tool for strategic monitoring. This report provides detailed occupational injury statistics by sex, age and type of activity for the years 2000-2002. See also CIS 08-1265. (108824)

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CIS 08-1265 Occupational injuries compensated in Québec in 2000-2002: II - Classification tables by economic activity. (French: Lésions professionnelles indemnisées au Québec en 2000-2002 : II - Tableaux de classement par activité économique) Duguay P., Massicotte P., Prud'homme P., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. vii, 102p. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-233-7 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-548.pdf

Every five years, the IRSST produces indicators that measure the prevalence, severity and frequency of compensated occupational injuries in Quebec. These indicators are used mainly as input for the scientific research programme and the development of prevention programmes, as well as a tool for strategic monitoring. This report provides detailed occupational injury statistics by sector of activity. See also CIS 08-1264. (108825)

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CIS 08-1266 The cost of non-injury accidents: Scoping study. Binch S., Bell J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. viii, 65p. 22 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr585.pdf

The aim of this study was examine how information on non-injury accidents and associated costs are collected by businesses, together with the feasibility of various options for gathering information on the cost of non-injury accidents to businesses. Commonly reported barriers to collecting the information were time and resources. Several interviewees reported that there was a general problem of underreporting of near misses by staff and, therefore, thought that gathering information on non-injury accidents would be difficult. A further problem was the lack of incentives that would justify the use of time and resources for collecting this type of information. Other findings are discussed. (108876)

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CIS 08-1267 A survey of changes in the volume and composition of claims for damages for occupational injury or ill health resulting from the Management of Health and Safety at Work and Fire Precautions (Workplace) (Amendment) Regulations 2003. Neal A.C., Wright F.B., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 29p. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr593.pdf

The Management of Health and Safety at Work and Fire Precautions (Workplace) (Amendment) Regulations 2003 introduced provisions to allow employees in Great Britain to claim damages from their employer in a civil action in cases where they suffer injury or illness as a result of the employer breaching either of these regulations. The objective of this study was to review whether there has been an increase in claims for damages arising from occupational injury or ill health for breaches of the regulations, and, if so, the extent of that increase. The survey was undertaken over a period of six months during 2005. There is no available evidence to suggest that the amending measure has resulted in either a rise or a decrease in the number of claims. Other findings are discussed. (108883)

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CIS 08-1268 A survey of the use and effectiveness of the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 as a legal sanction against directors convicted of health and safety offences. Neal A.C., Wright F.B., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 34p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr597.pdf

This report looks at the use made by courts of the provisions contained in the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 concerning disqualification related to safety and health failures in the management of companies. The report is based on a study carried out between May and November 2005. From the material obtained, it appears that at least ten directors have been disqualified for health and safety reasons since the coming into force of the legislation. It is recognized that labour inspectors should make greater use of the possibility of director disqualification as part of the prosecution for safety and health failures. (108887)

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CIS 08-1269 National occupational safety and health strategy 2008-2012. (Portuguese: Estratégia nacional para a segurança e saúde no trabalho 2008-2012) Autoridade para as Condições do Trabalho (ACT), Av. Casal Ribeiro, 18-A, 1000-092 Lisboa, Portugal, April 2008. PDF document. 50p. (In Portuguese)

Internet:

This document presents the Portuguese National Strategy for Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) for period 2008-2012, conceived as a global policy instrument for promoting a professional approach to OSH, in order to achieve constant and sustainable reductions in accident and disease indices and to contribute towards improving health and well-being at work. Contents: scope; earlier reports; diagnosis; basis of the strategy; general objectives; operational objectives and actions to be developed; consistent and efficient public policies; prevention of occupational hazards within enterprises, as an effective means of improving working conditions; execution, follow-up and evaluation. (108899)

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CIS 08-1270 Proceedings - 1st Occupational Safety and Health Summit in the Visayas. Occupational Health Safety and Health Center (OSHC), North Ave. cor. Agham Road, Diliman, Quezon City 1104, Philippines, 2007. 102p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

Proceedings of a conference on occupational safety and health held in Cebu City, Philippines, on 11-12 October 2007. A total of 62 technical papers were presented and 13 documentary films were shown. (108809)

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CIS 08-1271 Annual report of activities 2007 - Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment Lahore, Industrial Relations Institute Lahore. Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (CIWCE), Civic Centre Township (near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 2007. iii, 91p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

Annual report of activities of the Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment of the Industrial Relations Institute of the Province of Punjab, Pakistan, for the year 2007. Contents include: organization and functions of the centre; seminars and exhibitions; awards received; construction of new premises; training courses; certifications received; publications; training materials; risk assessment surveys in industry; activities of the Child Labour Resource Centre; activities of the legal aid service for bonded labour; press coverage. (108810)

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CIS 08-1272 Current labor situation in Korea - 2008 updated edition. Korea International Labour Foundation (KOILAF), Sogang B/D 3F, 1-3 Sinsu-Dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul 121-854, Republic of Korea, Apr. 2008. 77p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

Contents of this report on the labour situation in Korea: the labour market (economic and employment trends, manpower development policies); working conditions and workers' welfare (wages, working hours, holidays and leave, minimum wages, occupational safety and health, social insurance, employee welfare system); industrial relations; labour laws. The section on occupational safety and health presents key statistics and trends concerning occupational accidents and diseases. Appendices include lists of trade unions, employers' organizations and the ministry of labour and other agencies. (108816)

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CIS 08-1273 Labor administration 2006. Ministry of Labor, Government Complex-Gwacheon, Kyunggi-Do, 427-718, Republic of Korea, 2006. 111p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

Report of activities of the Korean Ministry of Labor in 2005. Includes chapters on: employment policy; employment insurance; skills development; labour standards and employee welfare; equal employment; industrial safety and health (trends in industrial accidents, support for accident prevention in small enterprises, major accidents, creation of healthy and pleasant workplaces, enhancement of safety awareness); industrial accident compensation insurance; labour relations. (108817)

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CIS 08-1274 Work and Enterprise Panel 2: Business survey. Cowling M., Bevan S., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. ii, 66p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr589.pdf

The objective of this survey was to provide up-to-date information on United Kingdom business attitudes, intentions and performance with respect to occupational safety and health, as well as to highlight possible links between occupational safety and health strategy and expenditure and an array of business performance measures. It also considered how occupational safety and health issues interact with other strategic decisions to achieve the greatest impact on observable performance. Data were collected by means of phone interviews of over 3000 enterprises in the United Kingdom. Findings are discussed. (108879)

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CIS 08-1275 Report VI - The promotion of sustainable enterprises. (French: Rapport VI - La promotion d'entreprises durables; Spanish: Informe VI - La promoción de empresas sostenibles) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2007. xix, 175p. Illus. Price: CHF 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge, ISBN 978-92-2-118143-9 (En), ISBN 978-92-2-218143-8 (fr), ISBN 978-92-2-318143-7 (es) (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/relm/ilc/ilc96/pdf/rep-vi.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/relm/ilc/ilc96/pdf/rep-vi.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/relm/ilc/ilc96/pdf/rep-vi.pdf

In June 2007, the International Labour Conference discussed the issue of the promotion of sustainable enterprises. It discussed the role of the private sector and sustainable enterprises in overall social and economic development, assessed the implications of recent trends for the implementation of the Decent Work Agenda and provided guidance to the International Labour Office (ILO) with respect to its work in this area. A favourable environment for sustainable enterprises combines the legitimate quest for profit with the need for development which respects human dignity, environmental sustainability and decent work. Sustainable enterprises need sustainable societies and that business tends to thrive where societies thrive and vice versa. In its conclusions, the Conference identified 17 pillars of an environment conducive to sustainable enterprises, outlined six characteristics of a sustainable enterprise and provided guidance to Member States, social partners and the ILO on their respective roles in promoting sustainable enterprises. (108938)

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CIS 08-1276 Labour inspection and sustainable globalization. (French: L'inspection du travail et la mondialisation durable) Siffermann S., Weber P., Association of Labour Inspection (IALI), ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 116p. Illus., ISBN 978-99959-602-0-9 (fr), ISBN 978-99959-602-1-6 (En) (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALI_BRO_EN_WEB.pdf

http://www.iali-aiit.org/iali/download/IALI_BRO_FR_WEB.pdf

Labour inspectors, through advice, controls and sanctions, monitor the compliance of the basic rights in work relations and conditions. Their sound judgment plays an important role in maintaining social equilibrium. At the international level, the International Association of Labour Inspection (IALI) is the operational side of the verification of compliance of these sovereign rights specified in international tripartite conventions of the ILO. The labour inspectorate embodies the essential player in the social dimension of a sustainable globalization, exposed to the challenge of changing its role and adapting its talents and skills in an increasingly complex environment. This booklet aims to help understand how labour inspectorate needs to position itself to fully participate in the promotion of decent work and sustainable economic and social development across the world. (108940)

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CIS 08-1277 Management guide - Occupational safety and health. (French: Guide du management - Santé, sécurité au travail) Blondin-Séguineau C., AFNOR, 11 rue Francis de Pressensé, 93571 La Plaine Saint-Denis Cedex, France, 2007. xviii, 194p. Illus. Price: EUR 39.00., ISBN 978-2-12-475547-9 (In French)

Internet:

This guide presents in detail the regulatory framework, techniques and tools of occupational safety and health management systems (OSH-MS). It refers to the sixteen guiding principles of ILO-OSH 2001 (see CIS 06-58) to address the basic principles of the approach. It also proposes a practical and easy-to-apply method which allows rapid progress towards an improved understanding of safety and the gradual implementation of a management system that is easy to direct. Aimed more specifically at SMEs, it is a companion to the design and implementation of an OSH-MS based on OHSAS-18001. (108958)

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CIS 08-1278 OA/OD charter. (French: Charte des AT/MP) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2009. Internet document (HTML format). 5 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_cha
   …rte-atmp_1.php

This document presents the Occupational Accidents and Diseases Charter, a tool which supports a quality approach in the recognition and compensation of occupational hazards. Following the charter guarantees that decisions taken will be legal and equitable towards both victims and their employers. The charter results from efforts of lawyers, medical practitioners and safety engineers from the Network for the Prevention of Occupational Hazards. It is an open document, amenable to being updated to include future regulatory and legislative changes. (108950)

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CIS 08-1279 Seoul declaration on safety and health at work - The Safety and Health Summit. (Dutch: De verklaring van Seoul over veiligheid en gezondheid op het werk - Topconferentie over veiligheid en gezondheid; French: Déclaration de Séoul sur la sécurité et la santé au travail - Sommet sur la sécurité et la santé; German: Erklärung von Seoul über Sicherheit und Gesundheit bei der Arbeit - Sicherheits- und Gesundheitsgipfel; Russian: Seul'skaja deklaracija po bezopasnosti i gigiene truda - Vstreča na vysšem urovne po bezopasnosti i gigiene truda; Spanish: Declaración de Seúl sobre la seguridad y salud en el trabajo - Cumbre de Seguridad y Salud) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 3p. (In Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Korean, Russian, Spanish)

Internet:


http://www.issa.int/aiss/content/download/43103/824949/file/Seoul%20Declaration.pdf

http://www.issa.int/aiss/content/download/43105/824955/file/Declaraci%C3%B3n%20d
   …e%20S%C3%A9ul.pdf

http://www.issa.int/aiss/content/download/44769/845666/file/Declaration-de-Seoul.pdf




The Seoul Declaration on Safety and Health at Work was adopted on 29 June 2008 by some 50 high-level decision-makers from around the world as a major new blueprint for constructing a global culture of safety and health at work. Meeting prior to the XVIII World Congress on Safety and Health at Work , the first high-level Safety and Health Summit gathered international leaders, government ministers, CEOs of major multinational companies, social security leaders and senior safety and health experts, and representatives of employers and workers. The declaration is also available in Arabic, Dutch, German, Korean and Russian, (108803)

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CIS 08-1280 Risk assessment - Roles and responsibilities. (Bulgarian: Ocenka na riska - roli i otgovornosti; Czech: Hodnocení rizika - úlohy a povinnosti; Danish: Arbejdspladsvurdering - roller og ansvar; Dutch: Risicobeoordeling - Rollen en verantwoordelijkheden; Estonian: Riskihindamine - rollid ja kohustused; Finnish: Riskinarviointi - tehtävät ja vastuunjako; French: L'évaluation des risques - Rôles et responsabilités; German: Gefährdungsbeurteilung - Rollen und Pflichten; Greek: Ektímēsē kindúnou - róloi kai euthúnes; Hungarian: Kockázatértékelés - feladatok és felelősségek; Italian: La valutazione dei rischi: ruoli e responsabilità; Latvian: Risku novērtēšana - lomas un pienākumi; Lithuanian: Rizikos vertinimas - pareigos ir atsakomybė; Maltese: L-evalwazzjoni tar-riskju - rwoli u responsabbiltajiet; Polish: Ocena ryzyka zawodowego - zadania i obowiązki; Portuguese: Avaliação de riscos: funções e responsabilidades; Romanian: Evaluarea riscurilor - roluri şi responsabilităţi; Slovak: Hodnotenie rizík - úlohy a povinnosti; Slovenian: Ocena tveganja - vloge in odgovornosti; Spanish: Evaluación de riesgos: funciones y responsabilidades; Swedish: Riskhantering - roller och ansvar) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2008. 2p. Illus. (In Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish)

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http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/80/view

Fact sheet. Workers' safety and health is protected in Europe by an approach based on assessing and managing risk. In order to carry out effective workplace risk assessment, all persons involved require a clear understanding of the legal context, concepts, the process of assessing the risks and the role to be played by the main actors involved in the process. (108969)

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CIS 08-1281 Risk assessment - The key to healthy workplaces. (Bulgarian: Ocenkata na riska - ključăt kăm zdravoslovni rabotni mesta; Czech: Hodnocení rizik - klíč k ochraně zdraví na pracovišti; Danish: Arbejdspladsvurdering - nøglen til sunde arbejdspladser; Dutch: Risicobeoordeling - onmisbaar voor een gezonde werkplek; Estonian: Riskihindamine on tervislike töökohtade võti; Finnish: Riskinarviointi - avain terveelliseen työhön; French: L'évaluation des risques - Le garant de lieux de travail sains; German: Gefährdungsbeurteilung - der Schlüssel zu gesunden Arbeitsplätzen; Greek: Ektímēsē kindúnou - to kleidí gia asfaleís kai ugieís hôrous ergasías; Hungarian: Kockázatértékelés - kulcs az egészséges munkahelyekhez; Italian: La valutazione dei rischi, la chiave per garantire ambienti di lavoro sani e sicuri; Latvian: Risku novērtēšana - pamats drošām un veselībai nekaitīgām darba vietām; Lithuanian: Rizikos vertinimas - raktas į saugias darbo vietas; Maltese: L-evalwazzjoni tar-riskju - il-muftieħ għal postijiet tax-xogħol li jġibu 'l quddiem is-saħħa; Polish: Ocena ryzyka zawodowego - sposób na zdrowe i bezpieczne miejsce pracy; Portuguese: Avaliação de riscos: a chave para locais de trabalho seguros e saudáveis; Romanian: Evaluarea riscurilor - calea spre locuri de muncă sigure şi sănătoase; Slovak: Hodnotenie rizík - kl'úč k zdravým pracoviskám; Slovenian: Ocena tveganja - ključ do varnih in zdravju prijaznih delovnih mest; Spanish: Evaluación de riesgos: la clave para unos trabajos saludables; Swedish: Riskbedömning - nyckeln till ett hälsosamt arbetsliv) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2008. 2p. Illus. (In Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish)

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http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/81/view

Risk assessment is the basis for successful safety and health management, and the key to reducing work-related accidents and occupational diseases. If it is implemented well, it can improve workplace safety and health, and business performance in general. This fact sheet summarizes the five steps involved in carrying out a risk assessment, namely: identifying the hazards and persons at risk; evaluating and prioritizing the risks; deciding on preventive action; taking action; monitoring and reviewing. (108970)

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CIS 08-1282 OSHA Factsheet - The OSHA Alliance Program. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2005. 2p. (In English)

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http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/factsheet-alliance.pdf

OSHA created the Alliance Program to help enterprises prevent workplace injuries, illnesses and fatalities. OSHA and Alliance participants work together to inform, educate and train employers and their employees in the United States in improving and advancing workplace safety and health. Groups that can form an alliance with OSHA include employers, trade or professional groups, labour unions, government agencies and educational institutions. This information sheet explains the benefits of the programme and how to participate. (108982)

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[ Top of page ]

002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology

CIS 08-1283 Primary prevention of occupational asthma: Identifying and controlling exposures to asthma-causing agents. Quint J., Beckett W.S., Campleman S.L., Sutton P., Prudhomme J., Flattery J., Harrison R., Cowan B., Kreutzer R., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.477-491. 56 ref. (In English)

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Primary prevention of occupational asthma requires the recognition and regulation of asthma-causing agents. This study examined 39 substances known to cause allergic occupational asthma in the United States, in order to determine the basis for their identification and their regulatory status. Occupational asthmagens recognized and regulated in the United Kingdom and Germany were also examined. It was found that United States regulatory agencies have not established consistent, evidence-based methods to identify and control exposures to substances that cause occupational asthma. Occupational asthmagens are identified primarily by non-regulatory organizations, and most are therefore not regulated. A regulatory process should include: establishing consistent identification criteria; publishing a list of occupational asthmagens; collecting use, exposure, and health effects information on asthma-causing substances; medical surveillance and medical removal protection; and stimulating the development of safer alternatives. (108773)

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CIS 08-1284 Trends in suspected and recognized occupational respiratory diseases in Germany between 1970 and 2005. van Kampen V., Merget R., Butz M., Taeger D., Brüning T., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.492-502. Illus. 19 ref. (In English)

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Based on the reports of the three German accident insurance agencies, the numbers of suspected and recognized cases of occupational respiratory diseases between 1970 and 2005 were collected and combined. The trends in the rates per 100,000 insured workers were calculated. Overall, a decline in occupational respiratory diseases since 1998 could be observed. This trend is mainly based on the decrease in non-malignant respiratory diseases caused by silica, and in obstructive airway diseases. In contrast, asbestos-induced diseases showed a levelling off or an increase (mesothelioma) during the last 10 years. These data indicate that prevention has been effective in reducing some of the most frequent occupational respiratory diseases in Germany. (108774)

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CIS 08-1285 Silicosis mortality among young adults in the United States, 1968-2004. Mazurek J.M., Attfield M.D., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.51, No.8, p.568-578. Illus. 59 ref. (In English)

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To describe deaths among young adults (aged 15-44) with silicosis in the United States from 1968 to 2004, this study analysed the National Center for Health Statistics multiple cause-of-death records. Compared with decedents aged ≥45 years, young decedents were more likely to have silicosis listed as the underlying cause of death, to be female and black. Twenty-nine young silicosis decedents had industry and occupation information available. Occupations in construction and manufacturing industries were associated with significantly elevated proportionate mortality ratios for young silicosis deaths. Because these deaths are likely to reflect more intense and recent exposures, the follow-back investigations into the work sites where these individuals were exposed to silica should be conducted. (108780)

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CIS 08-1286 Respiratory function and bronchial responsiveness among industrial workers exposed to different classes of occupational agents: A study from Algeria. Ould-Kadi F., Nawrot T.S., Hoet P.H., Nemery B., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Oct. 2007, Vol.2, No.11, 8p. Illus. 34 ref. (In English)

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This cross-sectional study investigated lung function parameters and bronchial hyperresponsiveness to histamine in workers exposed to various compounds. The study group consisted of 546 male subjects of whom 114 were exposed to welding fumes, 106 to solvents, 107 to inorganic dust, 97 to organic dust and 123 without known exposure to airway irritants. Participants were administered a questionnaire, subjected to spirometry and tested for bronchial responsiveness to histamine before work to prevent effects of acute exposure. The mean age (SD) of the participants was 39.3 (7.8) years, with a mean duration of employment of 13.8 (6.6) years. Both before and after adjustment for smoking status, FEV1 was lower among welders (-4.0%) and workers exposed to solvents (-5.6%) than in control subjects. Furthermore, solvent workers had an odds ratio of 3.43 for bronchial hyperresponsiveness compared with the reference group. Other findings are discussed. (108793)

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CIS 08-1287 Chronic cough due to occupational factors. Groneberg D.A., Nowak D., Wussow A., Fischer A., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Feb. 2006, Vol.1, No.3, 10p. 118 ref. (In English)

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Over the last years, many studies have focused on occupational causes of respiratory diseases. One of the findings is that chronic cough is one of the most prevalent work-related airway diseases. Occupations which are related to the development of cough include coal miners, hard-rock miners, tunnel workers and concrete manufacturing workers. Since chronic cough is often also based on a variety of non-occupational factors such as tobacco smoke, a distinct separation into either occupational or non-occupational causes can be difficult. (108800)

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CIS 08-1288 Ototoxicity in the world of work. (Spanish: Ototoxicidad en el mundo laboral) Tabasco Fernández M., Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 2007, No.179, p.40-51. Illus. 17 ref. (In Spanish)

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http://documentacion.apa.es/pdfs/revista/P179_4.pdf

Based on the findings of a literature survey, this article discusses the main substances (chemicals, pharmaceuticals, solvents) that affect to the auditory health of the workers and their effects, and proposes preventive measures. The consequences of simultaneous exposure to noise and ototoxic substances are also discussed. (108846)

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CIS 08-1289 Lung cancer and occupational exposure to metals: Review of epidemiological studies. (French: Cancer du poumon et exposition professionnelle aux métaux: une revue des études épidémiologiques) Wild P., Bourgkard E., Paris C., Documents pour le médecin du travail, June 2008, No.114, p.201-219. Illus. 160 ref. (In French)

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http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReferenc
   …e/TC%20120/$File/TC120.pdf

This literature survey discusses epidemiological findings concerning the relationship between lung cancer and occupational exposure to metals. Epidemiological data are briefly reviewed for the following known carcinogens: chromium, nickel, beryllium, cadmium, arsenic and silicon (in the form of crystalline silica), highlighting some of the aspects that are still not fully understood. Next, it examines in greater detail some of the metals for which the link between exposure and lung cancer risk is less certain, namely titanium, lead, iron, cobalt and tungsten. Despite a high risk of bronchopulmonary cancer among certain populations exposed to lead, there does not appear to be any dose-response relationship. Epidemiological studies carried out in the hard metal industry suggest a possible carcinogenic risk from cobalt in the presence of tungsten carbide. Other findings are discussed. (108858)

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CIS 08-1290 National trends in silicosis mortality in the United States, 1981-2004. Bang K.M., Attfield M.D., Wood J.M., Syamlal G., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.633-639. Illus. 45 ref. (In English)

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This article describes trends in silicosis mortality in the United States and identifies industries and occupations with elevated silicosis mortality. A total of 6326 deaths with silicosis from 1981-2004 were analysed for trends and association with occupation and industry. A linear regression model was used for analysing mortality trends. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) were based on 1,440 deaths for which sufficient data were available. Overall age-adjusted mortality rates per million declined from 2.4 in 1981 to 0.7 in 2004. Industries having significantly elevated PMRs for silicosis included mining and quarrying. Occupations with elevated PMRs included those associated with metal and mineral processing. The results show that considerable progress has been made towards elimination of this preventable disease. (108891)

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CIS 08-1291 A cohort mortality study of chemical laboratory workers at Department of Energy nuclear plants. Kubale T., Hiratzka S., Henn S., Markey A., Daniels R., Utterback D., Waters K., Silver S., Robinson C., Macievic G., Lodwick J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.656-667. 39 ref. (In English)

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This study evaluated the mortality causes of 6157 chemical laboratory workers employed at United States Department of Energy facilities. All cause, all cancer and cause-specific standardized mortality ratios were calculated. Cox regression analyses were conducted to further evaluate the relation between chemical exposure and mortality risk due to selected cancers. The mortality due to all causes combined and all cancers combined were below expectation for the cohort. There were no statistically significant elevations reported among men for any specific cancer or non-cancer outcome. Neither were there any statistically significant elevations among women for any specific non-cancer and most specific cancers; however, multiple myeloma deaths were significantly elevated (SMR=3.56). Statistically significant elevations of leukaemia were observed among workers employed 20 years or more, together with a statistically-significant trend of elevated lung cancer mortality with increasing employment duration. Other findings are discussed. (108894)

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CIS 08-1292 Gender differences in workers with identical repetitive industrial tasks: Exposure and musculoskeletal disorders. Norlander C., Ohlsson K., Balogh I., Hansson G.Å., Axmon A., Persson R., Skerfving S., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Aug. 2008, Vol.81, No.8, p.939-947. 43 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this study was to evaluate differences concerning physical or psychosocial exposures and the risk of musculoskeletal disorders between men and women with identical repetitive work tasks. Employees in two plants where large numbers of men and women worked side by side were studied. Postures and movements were registered by inclinometry for the head and arms, and by electrogoniometry for the wrists. Muscular activity was registered by surface electromyography. The psychosocial work environment was evaluated by the demand-control-support model, and finally musculoskeletal disorders were assessed by interview and by medical examination. It was found that work postures and movements were similar between genders. Also, concerning psychosocial work environment, no significant gender differences were found. Compared to men, women showed substantially higher muscular activity in relation to capacity and higher prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper extremity. (108915)

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CIS 08-1293 Effect of hand dermatitis on the total body burden of chromium after ferrous sulfate application in cement among cement workers. Chou T.C., Chang H.Y., Chen C.J., Yu H.S., Wu J.D., Sheu S.C., Shih T.S., Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 2008, Vol.59, No.3, p.151-156. 25 ref. (In English)

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Ferrous sulfate has been added to cement to reduce the prevalence of dermatitis in workers. The objective of this study was to compare the urinary chromium levels before and after ferrous sulfate addition among cement workers with or without hand dermatitis. Thirty-five male workers were recruited in this study for two consecutive years: 2003 without using ferrous sulfate and 2004 after adding ferrous sulfate. Urinary chromium was used as a biomarker to estimate the total body burden of chromium. Urinary chromium concentration showed significant decreases after ferrous sulfate addition. Furthermore, a larger decrease of urinary chromium was observed among workers with hand dermatitis. It is concluded that ferrous sulfate decreases the total body burden of chromium, especially among workers with severe hand dermatitis. (108918)

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CIS 08-1294 The validity and reliability of the occupational contact dermatitis disease severity index. Curr N., Dharmage S., Keegel T., Lee A., Saunders H., Nixon R., Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 2008, Vol.59, No.3, p.157-164. Illus. 42 ref. (In English)

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An occupational contact dermatitis disease severity index (ODDI) was designed to assess the severity and functional disability caused by occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) of the hands in patients attending an occupational dermatology clinic in Australia. The objective of this study was to assess the intra-observer reliability, inter-observer reliability, internal consistency, acceptability and convenience of this instrument, based on the clinical assessment of 95 patients with OCD. The ODDI was found to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess the severity and functional limitations caused by OCD. (108919)

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CIS 08-1295 Gender, precarious work, and chronic diseases in South Korea. Kim I.H., Khang Y.H., Muntaner C., Chun H., Cho S.I., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.748-757. 51 ref. (In English)

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Non-standard employment includes part-time work, temporary work and day labour. This study examined whether non-standard workers in South Korea reported poorer health compared to regular workers. Data were taken from a representative sample of 1563 men and 1045 women, aged 20 to 64 years, from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Self-rated health and self-reported chronic disease conditions were used as health measures. Non-standard employment was significantly associated with poorer health, after adjusting for socio-economic, lifestyle and personal factors. Among men, non-standard work arrangements were significantly associated with musculoskeletal disorders (OR 1.97) and liver disease (OR 2.83) while among women, non-standard employment was related to mental disorders (OR 3.25). (108995)

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CIS 08-1296 Interpretation of the "positive" methacholine challenge. Hewitt D.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.769-781. Approx. 120 ref. (In English)

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The methacholine challenge test is used in confirming the diagnosis of asthma, occupational asthma or reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) through the identification of bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR). While the sensitivity of the test in diagnosing clinically significant asthma is excellent, its specificity is poor. Since there are many conditions which have been associated with BHR, a positive test must be interpreted cautiously. This article reviews potential causes of a positive methacholine challenge other than asthma or RADS which are reported in medical literature. In cases of inhalation exposure evaluations, alternative explanations must be considered when determining whether a causal association exists between the exposure and a positive methacholine test result. (108997)

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CIS 08-1297 Yes, the "one-handed" scientist lacks rigor - Why investigators should not use causal language when interpreting the results of a single study. But two-handed scientists are using only one hand now. Gerr F., Marcus M., Messing K., Premji S., Lippel K., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.795-798. 4 ref. (In English)

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A letter by two occupational health scientists to the editor of the journal criticizes an earlier article according to which the hesitant language used by authors of epidemiological research exploring relationships between occupational factors and musculoskeletal disorders downplays sometimes obvious causal evidence, possibly resulting in unfavourable decisions to workers by compensation boards. The authors of the original article respond to these criticisms in a second letter to the editor. (108999)

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CIS 08-1298 Pesticide exposure, risk factors and health problems among cutflower farmers: A cross sectional study. Del Prado-Lu J.L., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Sep. 2007, Vol.2, No.9, 8p. 34 ref. (In English)

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This cross-sectional study aimed to determine associations between haematological indices such as red blood cell cholinesterase (RBC) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV), with illnesses related to pesticide exposure among cut flower farmers in a region of the Philippines. A total of 102 randomly-selected cut flower farmers underwent comprehensive medical examinations and answered a questionnaire their on work practices and state of health. A majority of exposed farmers were symptomatic, with most common complaints being headache (48%), fatigue (46.1%) and cough (40.2%). Statistical analyses showed that RBC cholinesterase levels were associated with age and the selling of pesticide containers. The number of years of using pesticides, the use of contaminated cloth, the incorrect mixing of pesticides, sex and illnesses due to pesticides were correlated with abnormal MCV. Other findings are discussed. (108794)

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CIS 08-1299 The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers. Girdler-Brown B.V., White N.W., Ehrlich R.I., Churchyard G.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.640-647. Illus. 25 ref. (In English)

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The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD is described in 624 South African gold miners 18 months after cessation of work. Questionnaires were administered, and spirometry, chest radiography, tuberculosis investigations and urine HIV antibody assays were performed. The mean age of subjects was 49.4 years and their mean employment duration 25.6 years. Most subjects had had jobs with medium (26.5%) or high (65.4%) dust exposure. Current smoking rate was 35%, with ever smoking 61%. HIV antibodies were detected in the urine in 22.3%. Prevalences were: silicosis 24.6%, past tuberculosis 26%, current tuberculosis 6.2%, airflow obstruction 13.4% and chronic productive cough 17.7%. Almost 50% of these miners had at least one of these respiratory conditions. (108892)

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CIS 08-1300 Association of cytokine gene polymorphisms in CWP and its severity in Turkish coal workers. Ates I., Suzen H.S., Yucesoy B., Tekin I.O., Karakaya A., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.741-747. 49 ref. (In English)

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Cytokines are believed to play a key role in inflammatory mechanisms that result in several diseases such as coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). To determine the cytokine gene profiles of Turkish coal miners, a genotyping analysis was performed to investigate the polymorphisms of CWP-related pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Genotyping was carried out by the polymerase chain reaction technique, coupled with fragment length polymorphism restriction. It was found that the TNFA (-238) variant was a risk factor in both the development and severity of CWP, while the TNFA (-308) variant was important only in disease severity. On the other hand, IL6 variant may have a protective effect on both development and severity. (108994)

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CIS 08-1301 Detection of occult lung impairment in welders by induced sputum particles and breath oxidation. Fireman E., Lerman Y., Stark M., Schwartz Y., Ganor E., Grinberg N., Frimer R., Landau D.A., Zilberberg M., Barenboim E., Jacovovitz R., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.503-511. Illus. 43 ref. (In English)

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This study evaluated particulate matter in combined induced sputum (IS) and oxidation in exhaled breath condensate (EBC), in order to test whether underlying inflammatory changes are present in asymptomatic welders. Thirty welders from the Israel Defence Forces exposed to aluminium/iron (Group 1), 16 exposed to cadmium/chromium/iron/lead/nickel (Group 2) and 27 non-exposed administrative staff were studied. IS was recovered and particle size distribution, hydrogen peroxide and pH were measured; exhaled breath condensate also was collected. Group 2 had a higher percentage of neutrophils than all other participants and a higher percentage of particles of more than 2µm in diameter. Percent particles and years of exposure highly correlated. All welders' EBC samples had higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide than controls. Other findings are discussed. (108775)

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CIS 08-1302 Prevention of epicondylitis: Keep it at arm's length. (French: Prévenir l'épicondylite: pour garder les coudées franches) Barruyer C., Prévention BTP, May 2008, No.107, p.48-50. Illus. (In French)

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Epicondylitis is a frequent occupational disease in the construction sector. It mostly affects manual labourers who carry out repetitive movements or movements that require grip, hand or arm strength. Woodworkers and masons who often handle heavy loads are particularly affected. Office workers, who spend too much time at their computer, as well as musicians, may also be affected. This article reviews risk factors, symptoms and prevention of epicondylitis. It includes the account of an occupational physician on the risk factors (repetitive movements, age, work in cold environments), treatment and preventive measures. Rest is a must to avoid the inflammation from becoming chronic. (108840)

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CIS 08-1303 Occupational allergic respiratory diseases among painters. (French: Affections respiratoires professionnelles allergiques chez les peintres) Rosenberg N., Documents pour le médecin du travail, June 2008, No.114, p.273-284. Illus. 39 ref. (In French)

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http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReferenc
   …e/TR%2043/$File/TR43.pdf

Occupational allergic respiratory diseases observed among painters essentially consist of rhinitis and asthma. Products likely to cause respiratory allergies include constituents of polyurethane, amine, phenolic and epoxy resins, inorganic (chromates, cobalt) and organic (azo) pigments, formaldehyde, and additives such as aromatic amines and polyfunctional aziridines. Dust levels found in the work environment can also be a causal factor. This article also discusses physiopathological mechanisms, diagnosis, prevention (limitation of exposure) and rules applying to the compensation of these diseases in France. (108860)

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CIS 08-1304 Incidence of lung cancer among subway drivers in Stockholm. Gustavsson P., Bigert B., Pollán M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.545-547. 13 ref. (In English)

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In earlier studies, very high levels of airborne particles had been detected in the subway system in Stockholm, Sweden, and these particles were found to be more toxic to DNA in cultured human lung cells than particles from ambient air. This study involved a cohort comprised of all male transport and communication workers in Stockholm County who were gainfully employed in 1970. They were followed for cancer incidence until 1989. Lung cancer cases were identified from the national cancer register, and subway drivers were identified from the census in 1970. There were nine cases of lung cancer among the subway drivers, resulting in a standardized incidence ratio of 0.82 compared to the reference cohort of transport workers. In conclusion, the lung cancer incidence was not increased among the subway drivers. (108779)

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CIS 08-1305 Driving and health - A literature survey. (French: Conduite et santé - Une revue de la littérature) Thierry S., Chouanière D., Aubry C., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2008, No.113, p.45-63. Illus. 88 ref. (In French)

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http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReferenc
   …e/TC%20118/$File/TC118.pdf

This literature review analyses available information on health hazards related to driving in the course of one's occupation. Main findings: there are reports of low back pain which may be invalidating for persons required to lift loads; work organization is often complicated, with irregular working hours; there is a significant cardiovascular risk, with non-negligible mortality from myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular strokes; certain types of individual behaviour also constitute risk factors (smoking, unbalanced diet). For some of these risks, preventive measures exist (equipping vehicles with antivibration seats, ergonomic improvements of drivers' cabs, abiding with regulations concerning working hours, adapting work schedules). Prevention with respect to individual behaviour having an impact on health should also be encouraged. (108953)

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CIS 08-1306 Occupational risk factors for endometrial cancer among textile workers in Shanghai, China. Wernli K.J., Ray R.M., Gao D.L., Fitzgibbons E.D., Camp J.E., Astrakianakis G., Seixas N., Li W., De Roos A.J., Feng Z., Thomas D.B., Checkoway H., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.673-679. 29 ref. (In English)

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A nested case-control study was conducted to investigate possible associations between occupational exposures and endometrial cancer within a large cohort of textile workers in Shanghai, China. The study included 176 incident endometrial cancer cases diagnosed from 1989 to 1998 and a randomly-selected age-stratified sub-cohort of 3061 controls. Study subjects' complete work histories were linked to a job-exposure matrix. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using Cox models. An increased risk of endometrial cancer was detected among women who had worked for ≥10 years in silk production (HR 3.8) or who had exposure to silk dust (HR 1.7). Albeit with few exposed women (two cases and eight controls), there was a 7.4-fold increased risk associated with ≥10 years of silica dust exposure. (108896)

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CIS 08-1307 Reduced fertility among shoe manufacturing workers. Sallmén M., Neto M., Mayan O.N., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.65, No.8, p.518-524. 38 ref. (In English)

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To investigate whether fertility is reduced among female shoe manufacturing workers exposed to solvents, a retrospective study was conducted on time to pregnancy (TTP) among 250 Portuguese shoe manufacturing women workers exposed to solvents and 250 unexposed women working in other sectors. Data on TTP and related factors were collected by means of interviews, and exposure assessment was based on workplace atmosphere sampling. Data were subjected to statistical evaluation. Exposure to solvents was associated with reduced fertility. Overall, the findings provide further evidence that exposure to solvents is hazardous for female reproduction. The observed association may be related to any of the following solvents commonly used in shoe manufacturing: n-hexane and hexane isomers, toluene, methyl ethyl ketone, acetone, ethyl acetate and dichloromethane. (108929)

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CIS 08-1308 Recruitment strategies for a hand dermatitis prevention programme in the food industry. Kaatz M., Ladermann R., Stadeler M., Fluhr J.W., Elsner P., Bauer A., Contact Dermatitis, Sep. 2008, Vol.59, No.3, p.165-170. Illus. 26 ref. (In English)

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An interdisciplinary Skin Disease Prevention Programme (SDPP) in the baking, hotel, and catering industries was established in Germany. However, only 30% of the eligible employees suffering from occupational hand dermatitis (OHD) participated in the programme. The objective of this study was to examine alternative ways of increasing participation. Employees were invited to take part in the SDPP using one of the four alternative methods: a standard invitation letter; a personalized and targeted invitation letter; the personalized invitation letter and a case report; the personalized invitation letter, the case report and additional information. The commitment of the employees to join the SDPP increased significantly from 30% to 54% in the group receiving the personalized invitation letter. Neither the additional case report nor the additional information concerning the SDPP had any effect on increasing the recruitment. (108920)

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CIS 08-1309 Occupational wood dust exposure and the risk of laryngeal cancer: A population based case-control study in Germany. Ramroth H., Dietz A., Ahrens W., Becher H., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.648-655. 37 ref. (In English)

Internet:

To investigate the effect of exposure to wood dust on the risk of laryngeal cancer, a population-based case-control study was conducted in South-West Germany between 1998 and 2000 with 257 histologically-confirmed cases (236 men, 21 women) and 769 population-based controls (702 men, 67 women) matched by age and sex. Occupational exposures and other risk factors were obtained through interviews using a detailed questionnaire. A total of 43 cases (41 men, 2 women) and 107 controls (105 men, 2 women) reported wood dust exposure. A strong effect on laryngeal cancer risk after adjustment for smoking, alcohol and social status was observed for high exposure to hardwood dust (odds ratio OR 2.6) and to softwood dust (OR 2.2). (108893)

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CIS 08-1310 Prevention of irritant contact dermatitis among health care workers by using evidence-based hand hygiene practices: A review. Kampf G., Löffler H., Industrial Health, Oct. 2007, Vol.45, No.5, p.645-652. Illus. 52 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_45_5_645.pdf

Irritant contact dermatitis is often found on the hands of healthcare workers and is generally caused by frequent hand washing, gloves, aggressive disinfectants or detergents. Alcohols have only a marginal irritation potential, although they may cause a burning sensation on pre-irritated skin. A burning sensation when using alcohols therefore suggests that the skin barrier is already damaged. Most clinical situations require the use of an alcohol-based hand rub for decontamination, which is especially useful for reducing the nosocomial transmission of various infectious agents. Washing one's hands should be the exception, to be performed only when they are visibly soiled or contaminated with blood or other body fluids. The overall compliance rate in hand hygiene was only found to be around 50%, and mostly consisted of washing hands with soap and water. Consequences of these findings are discussed. (108812)

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CIS 08-1311 Protocol for the health surveillance of teachers taking occupational diseases into account. (Spanish: Protocolo para la vigilancia de la salud del profesorado con atención a la enfermedad profesional) Ranchal Sánchez A., Vaquero Abellán M., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, June 2008, Vol.LIV, No.211, p.47-60. Illus. 21 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?pid=S0465-546X2008000200007&script=sci_arttext
http://www.isciii.es/htdocs/centros/medicinadeltrabajo/revistamedicinatrabajo/Me
   …dicina_211.pdf

The most frequent pathologies encountered among teachers are voice disorders. It is important to diagnose these diseases during regular medical examinations in this population at risk. An epidemiological survey on the state of health and occupational diseases was carried out involving a sample of 361 teachers (51.8% women). Based on the findings of the survey, a method for monitoring the health of teaching staff, including vocal health, is proposed. (108843)

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CIS 08-1312 Prevalence of skin and back diseases in geriatric care nurses. Dulon M., Kromark K., Skudlik C., Nienhaus A., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Aug. 2008, Vol.81, No.8, p.983-992. 36 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This cross-sectional study examined the prevalence of hand eczema, low back disorders (LBD) and neck/shoulder disorders (NSD) in 1390 geriatric nurses and nursing aides, and their association with work-related risk factors. Data were collected by means of questionnaires and clinical examinations. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for common risk factors were calculated by logistic regression. The prevalence of hand eczema was 18.0%. Hand cleaning and hand care were not predictive for hand eczema. LBD was observed in 47.9% and NSD in 16.6% of the nurses. Increasing age and years in the nursing profession, prior treatment of back disorder and psychological stress were significant risk factors for LBD and NSD. Other findings are discussed. (108916)

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CIS 08-1313 Asthma due to chloramine among swimming pool personnel. (French: L'asthme aux chloramines chez le personnel des piscines) Tafrechian S., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.48, No.2, p.105-116. Illus. 34 ref. (In French)

Internet:

This article describes three new cases of respiratory disease due to chloramines among swimming pool personnel in the Paris region. The causes of respiratory diseases among these workers exposed to chloramine emissions by inhalation are reviewed through a literature survey. In France, the occupational nature of these diseases is recognized. Job changes which are often necessary are not easy to implement among these workers, a majority of whom are furthermore young and in good health. Given the need to address various toxicity risk factors, the task of managing and monitoring the quality of swimming-pool water must be left to personnel that are diligent and particularly well trained in chlorination processes. Rules to be followed for limiting chloramine concentration in swimming pools are summarized. (108955)

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CIS 08-1314 Organization of first aid within the enterprise. (French: L'organisation des secours dans l'entreprise) Labbé F., Santé et Sécurité au Travail Actualités, Mai 2008, No.110, p.5-6. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

This article summarizes the legal responsibilities of employers in France with respect to the organization of first aid within the enterprise. Labour laws stipulate that employers are required to organize enterprise first aid services as a function of existing hazards. Based on advice from occupational physicians, employers need to define the practical details of first aid interventions in the event of accidents or emergencies, and in cases where specialized personnel are not available on site, of the training of staff in first aid methods. Topics addressed: training of personnel; first aid equipment; writing of first aid instructions. (108831)

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CIS 08-1315 The need for an occupational disease surveillance system in Australia. Sim M., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 2007, Vol.23, No.6, p.557-562. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Cancer and respiratory diseases are important causes of ill health in Australian workplaces. Workers' compensation data are the only national source of data which can be used to measure the occurrence of these diseases, but these data are known to seriously underestimate their true extent. Disease surveillance has been used as an effective tool to reduce the burden of disease in the public health setting in Australia and for occupational diseases in several other countries. This article argues in favour of a national occupational disease surveillance system, in combination with other data sources (such as exposure surveillance data), as a means of assisting government, industry, unions and practitioners to more effectively reduce the burden of occupational disease in Australia. (108922)

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CIS 08-1316 Work and health - Knowledge and recognition. (French: Santé et travail - Connaissances et reconnaissance) Brocas A.M., ed., Revue française des affaires sociales, Apr.-Sep. 2008, Vol.62, No.2-3, p.1-442 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. (In French)

Internet:

This full issue consists of a collection of 23 articles on the relationship between work and health, including research efforts. The articles cover a wide variety of topics (sociology, ergonomics, history, political science, legislation, economics, epidemiology and statistics). (108850)

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CIS 08-1317 The Australian Hazard Exposure Assessment Database project. Creaser W., Miller P., Hogan A., Kyaw-Myint S.M., Hill J., May B., Stavreski B., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 2007, Vol.23, No.6, p.563-570. Illus. 25 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Data sources on occupational diseases in Australia are poor. To support occupational disease prevention activity, the Australian Safety and Compensation Council has developed the Australian Hazard Exposure Assessment Database (AHEAD). Data collected as part of the AHEAD project consist of nationally representative surveys of workers' self-reported exposures and observational measures of exposures taken in typical workplaces as part of the interventions conducted by Australian OHS authorities and researchers. This article reports on the state of development of the database. (108923)

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CIS 08-1318 Social support and musculoskeletal disorders: Literature review and data analysis. Parkes K.R., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. iv, 58p. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr594.pdf

This study of the role of work-related social support as a risk factor for musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) involved a literature survey and a statistical analysis of data sets from published studies concerning civil servants and the offshore oil industry. The analyses showed that high supervisor support was associated with lower rates of MSD problems, lower pain severity and fewer MSD-related absences. The findings for co-worker support were less clear. Analyses revealed that high partner support was a significant risk factor for MSD-related absenteeism, after correction for various confounding factors. (108884)

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CIS 08-1319 The burden of occupational cancer in Great Britain: Results for bladder cancer, leukaemia, cancer of the lung, mesothelioma, non-melanoma skin cancer and sinonasal cancer. Rushton L., Hutchings S., Brown T., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. xii, 118p. Illus. Approx. 250 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr595main.pdf

The aim of this project was to estimate the importance of occupational cancer in the United Kingdom. Cancers studied were cancer of the bladder, leukaemia, cancer of the lung, mesothelioma, non-melanoma skin cancer and sinonasal cancer. Estimations were carried out for carcinogenic agents classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 1 or 2A carcinogens. Estimations were carried out for cancer mortality in 2004 and for cancer incidence in 2003. The proportion of cancer deaths attributable to occupation was estimated to be 8.0% in men and 1.5% in women. Estimated numbers of deaths attributable to occupation were 6259 for men and 1058 for women. The total number of cancers diagnosed in 2003 attributable to occupational causes was 13,338 for men plus women. Asbestos contributed the largest numbers of deaths and incidences (mesothelioma and lung cancer), followed by mineral oils (mainly non-melanoma skin cancer), solar radiation (non-melanoma skin cancer), silica (lung cancer) and diesel engine exhaust (lung and bladder cancer). On balance, the estimates are likely to be conservative. (108885)

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CIS 08-1320 Management of upper limb disorders and the biopsychosocial model. Burton A.K., Kendall N.A.S., Pearce B.G., Birrell L.N., Bainbridge L.C., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. vi, 115p. Illus. Approx. 220 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr596.pdf

This review examined management strategies for the prevention of work-related upper limb disorders and established the extent to which the biopsychosocial model can be applied. Information from articles was extracted into evidence tables. The main results are presented in thematic sections covering classification and diagnosis, epidemiology, associations and risks, and management and treatment, focusing on return to work. It was found that while biological considerations should not be ignored, it is primarily the psychosocial factors that are important for determining return-to-work outcomes. Interventions that address the full range of psychosocial issues require a cultural shift in the way the relationship between upper limb complaints and work factors is conceived and handled. (108886)

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CIS 08-1321 Irritancy and sensitisation. Naylor S., Fishwick D., Bradshaw L., Barber C., Tate P., Elms J., Robinson E., Rawbone R., Curran A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. vi, 62p. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr601.pdf

The objective of this study was to document clinical differences between irritation and sensitization in the workplace, with a view to facilitating the diagnosis of cases of work-related respiratory disease. Until now, most clinical cases were assessed on the nature and duration of symptoms alone or in conjunction with simple measures of lung function and IgE testing. This study was particularly focused on determining whether irritation or sensitization in the workplace was associated with the workers' immune profile. It involved of 172 workers across five worksites, including 55 workers predominantly exposed to irritant chemicals (welders and metalworkers exposed to irritant gases), 76 workers predominantly exposed to sensitizers (workers exposed to latex and insect allergens) and 41 non-exposed office workers. Clinical tests were carried out to allow immune profile, lung function, airway responsiveness and reported respiratory symptoms to be compared between worker groups. Findings are discussed. (108890)

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CIS 08-1322 Workers' margin of manoeuvre during and after a gradual return to work programme: Definition and relationships with the return to work. (French: La marge de manœuvre de travailleurs pendant et après un programme de retour progressif au travail: définition et relations avec le retour à l'emploi) Durand M.J., Vézina N., Baril R., Loisel P., Richard M.C., Ngomo S., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. ix, 58p. Illus. 63 ref. Price: CAD 8.40. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-275-7 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-566.pdf

Several studies confirm that rehabilitation programmes that include an ergonomic intervention in an actual working environment accelerate the return to work and improve the quality of life of workers suffering from musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The objectives of this study were to define and clarify the indicators which need to be taken into consideration for evaluating this margin of manoeuvre in relation to the return to work of people with MSDs. The study involved analyses of the cases of 18 workers with sickness absenteeism due to MSDs having participated in a rehabilitation programme by a group comprised of an occupational therapist, an ergonomist, a psychologist and a physician. Findings are discussed. (109003)

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CIS 08-1323 The causative factors of dermatitis among workers exposed to metalworking fluids. Semple S., Graham M., Cowie H., Cherrie J.W., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 69p. Illus. 48 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr577.pdf

Exposure to metalworking fluids (MWFs) is known to cause irritant contact dermatitis. In a first phase, the MWF parameters linked with skin irritation were investigated in laboratory trials. These studies suggested that MWFs are only mildly irritating over short time periods. It was concluded that improvements in the management of MWF concentration, pH, metal fines and bacteriological contamination were unlikely to have much impact on dermatitis risk and that the main effort should be placed on reducing exposure. A second phase consisted of a questionnaire survey among workers in six engineering plants concerning their skin condition and the existence, within their enterprise, of guidance on working with MWFs and on reducing dermatitis risk. This survey was followed by site visits. Findings are discussed. (108769)

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CIS 08-1324 Managing sickness absence in the police service: A review of current practices. Hayday S., Broughton A., Tyers C., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 139p. Illus. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr582.pdf

The Home Office (basically, the British Ministry of Interior) and the HSE are working together to reduce the number of working days lost to ill health and/or injury among police forces in the United Kingdom. This review of absenteeism policies and management in seven police forces was commissioned to inform the process. It will be used to develop measures to improve public sector efficiency. It presents an in-depth analysis of absence management in the police forces studied, and identifies the clear themes and issues which are vital for the effective management of absence. (108873)

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CIS 08-1325 Evaluation of dorsolumbar muscle coordination in low back pain individuals: A database revisited. (French: Evaluation de la coordination des muscles dorso-lombaires chez des gens présentant une lombalgie: une base de données revisitée) Larivière C., McFadden D., Arsenault A.B., Petitjean-Roget T., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. iv, 79p. Illus. 78 ref. Price: CAD 9.45. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-273-3 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-564.pdf

The scientific literature shows that persons suffering from chronic low back pain have altered muscle coordination. This is an interesting marker for evaluating a rehabilitation program because a return to normal could indicate that the injured structures have been repaired. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of electromyographic (EMG) signal analyses in order to quantify the muscle coordination of low back pain subjects. It used an existing database to estimate the metric characteristics and physiological content of these methods in relation to dorsolumbar muscle coordination. While its outcome does not determine the relevance of the processes considered, the good metric qualities of the variables retained and the positive results of the multivariate analyses suggest that these variables are useful for determining the action mechanisms of different conditions of rehabilitation programs for chronic low back pain subjects. (108959)

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CIS 08-1326 HSE Better Backs 2006: Worker involvement evaluation - Research with Unite Amicus safety representatives. Hillier J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. ii, 71p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr581.pdf

This report presents the findings of a project aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of trade union safety representatives in delivering HSE campaigns in the workplace. It analyses the results of a campaign on the prevention of backaches, which involved both quantitative and qualitative research techniques. There was strong evidence that promoting HSE initiatives via union-managed training courses is an effective way of enabling and encouraging representatives to take action in the workplace. The research also highlighted the range of variables that impact the extent to which representatives took action and the extent to which their actions impacted on the wider workplace. In particular, representatives were exposed to new ideas on how to manage the risks of back injury. (108872)

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CIS 08-1327 Work-related neck and upper limb disorders. (Bulgarian: Svărzani s truda smyštenija văv vrata I gornite krajnici; Czech: Poruchy krku a horních končetin související s prací; Danish: Arbejdsbetinget besvær i nakke, skuldre og arme; Dutch: Beroepsgerelateerde aandoeningen aan nek, schouders en armen; Estonian: Tööga seotud kaela- ja ülajäsemete vaevused; Finnish: Työperäiset niskan ja yläraajojen tuki- ja liikuntaelinsairaudet; French: Troubles de la nuque et des membres supérieurs d'origine professionnelle; German: Arbeitsbedingte Muskel- und Skeletterkrankungen im Bereich des Nackens und der oberen Gliedmaßen; Greek: Pathêseis tou auhéna kai tōn ánō ákrōn pou shetízontai me tēn ergasía; Hungarian: Munkához kapcsolódó nyaki és felső végtagi zavarok; Italian: Disturbi muscoloscheletrici degli arti superiori e del collo legati all'attività lavorativa; Latvian: Ar darbu saistītās kakla un augšdelma slimības; Lithuanian: Su darbu susiję kaklo ir viršutinių galūnių pažeidimai; Maltese: Problemi fl-għonq u fid-dirgħajn, l-idejn u l-ispalel relatati max-xogħol; Polish: Schorzenia szyi i kończyn górnych związane z pracą; Portuguese: Lesões das cervicais e dos membros superiores relacionadas com o trabalho; Romanian: Afecţiuni de origine profesională ale gâtului şi membrelor superioare; Slovak: Poruchy krku a horných končatín súvisiace s prácou; Slovenian: Z delom povezana obolenja vratu in zgornjih okončin; Spanish: Trastornos musculoesqueléticos de origen laboral en el cuello y en las extremidades; Swedish: Arbetsrelaterade besvär i nacke, axlar, armar och händer) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2007. 2p. Illus. 5 ref. (In Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish)

Internet:






















http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/72/view

Almost two thirds of European Union workers report being exposed to repetitive hand and arm movements and a quarter to vibrations from tools. Both are significant risk factors for work-related neck and upper limb disorders (WRULDs). Many workers, in a wide range of jobs, develop WRULDs which are the most common form of occupational disease in Europe accounting for over 45% of all occupational diseases. Contents of this information note on WRULDs; definition; risk factors; hazard evaluation; prevention; European legislation. The information note is also available in several other European languages. (108971)

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CIS 08-1328 Bakers' asthma. (French: L'asthme du boulanger) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2008. Internet document (HTML format). 8 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_ast
   …hmeboulanger_1.php

Flour is the primary cause of occupational asthma in France. Bakers are constantly exposed to flour dust in the course of their job and are the most affected. Respiratory allergies (asthma and rhinitis) are particularly common in this occupation and can arise at any given time during bakers' careers. Among workers notifying these diseases, one in four is a baker. Contents of this Internet document on bakers' asthma: prevention initiatives of the French national occupational disease insurance for salaried workers (CNAMTS); simple and effective prevention measures; information aimed at bakers; joint initiatives with machinery suppliers; "Safer tools 2008" campaign; educational and recreational comic book. (108941)

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CIS 08-1329 Musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs). (French: Les troubles musculo-squelettiques (TMS)) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2009. Internet document (HTML format). 6 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_dos
   …sier-tms_1.php

With over 32,000 cases of occupational disease compensated in France during 2006, musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) represent a burden for society. This Internet document explains what MSDs are, their consequences for victims and for enterprises, and how they can be avoided. Contents: MSDs as occupational diseases; what's at stake from a social and economic perspective; occupational hazard evaluation; prevention; all-out effort of the Network for the prevention of occupational hazards; MSD prevention week 2007; French statistics. (108942)

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CIS 08-1330 Periarticular diseases. (French: Affections périarticulaires) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2005. Internet document (HTML format). 1 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_etu
   …de_tab57_1.php

This document comments a study on the changes made to the table on work-related periarticular diseases from 1975 to 2005. The study discusses some of the medical and legal difficulties encountered in attempting to apply the regulations. (108947)

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[ Top of page ]

003 Industries and occupations

CIS 08-1331 Teen workers' exposures to occupational hazards and use of personal protective equipment. Runyan C.W., Vladutiu C.J., Rauscher K.J., Schulman M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.735-740. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Prior research indicates that working adolescents seek care for the toxic effects of on-the-job chemical and environmental exposures. This cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of 866 adolescent workers in the retail and service sector examines their exposures, personal protective equipment (PPE) use, and training. Two-thirds of the respondents were exposed to continuous, very loud noise, 55% to thermal hazards and 54% to chemical hazards. Few teens reported using any PPE, though those who had been trained reported somewhat higher usage. Other findings are discussed. (108993)

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CIS 08-1332 Fatalities in the landscape and horticultural services industry, 1992-2001. Buckley J.P., Sestito J.P., Hunting K.L., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.701-713. Illus. 38 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Although landscape and horticultural services workers have high injury and illness rates, little is known about fatalities in this industry. Census and population survey data were analyzed to determine fatality rates and causes of landscaping deaths from 1992 to 2001. There were 1101 fatalities during the 10-year period in the United States, with an average fatality rate of 13.50 deaths per 100,000 full-time employees. In 2001, the landscaping fatality rate was 3.33 times the all-industry rate. The leading causes of death were transportation incidents (27%), contact with objects or equipment (27%), falls (24%), exposure to harmful substances and environments (18%), and assaults and violent acts (4%). The fatality rate for African American landscapers was 1.51 times the rate for white workers. Fatalities were also common among self-employed and young workers. (108897)

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CIS 08-1333 National conference on: The promotion of occupational safety and health in agriculture and fishing: Common challenges. (French: Colloque national sur: la promotion de la santé et de la sécurité au travail dans le secteur de l'agriculture et de la pêche - Défi commun) Nouaigui H., Hamzaoui H., Bassalah K., Aschi S., Dupupet J.L., Le Bâcle C., Moreau B., Martinez F., Benzarti M., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, July 2008, No.46, p.1-40 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. (In French)

Internet:

Collection of papers presented at a national conference on the promotion of occupational safety and health in agriculture and fishing (13-14 May 2008, Tunis, Tunisia). Topics include: situation in Tunisia; regulations; occupational accident and disease statistics; vocational training; monitoring of exposure in the agricultural sector; management of biological hazards; safety of farm equipment; presentation of the European handbook for the prevention of accidents at sea and the safety of fishermen; risks of zoonoses and their prevention. (109010)

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CIS 08-1334 Earthworking contractors go green. (French: Quand les TP se mettent au vert) Dougin Y., Prévention BTP, Apr. 2008, No.106, p.36-47. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Topics addressed in this collection of articles on occupational safety and health in small earthworking contractors involved in landscaping: key statistics on growth of this sector; weeding techniques that do not require herbicides; work rhythms and working conditions; mechanization of work sites; safety and health training; earthmoving and landscaping equipment. (108833)

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CIS 08-1335 Transportation by commercial vehicles - From preparation to delivery. (French: Véhicules utilitaires - De la préparation à la livraison) Sagot F., Prévention BTP, June 2008, No.108, p.32-33. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Vehicles having a gross weight of less than 3.5 tons are often used by building finishing enterprises for reaching building sites with the necessary equipment and materials. Vehicle loading must be the object of planning, and safety rules concerning the equipment and maintenance of the vehicles, and road and on-site trips, must be adhered to. (108835)

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CIS 08-1336 Modular construction site installations. (French: Des installations de chantier modulables) Sagot F., Prévention BTP, May 2008, No.107, p.32-33. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Rules that apply to worker welfare installations on building sites differ according to the number of workers on the site and the duration of the site. Modular installations allow several enterprises that are present on a site to collaborate by sharing certain facilities (canteens, sanitary facilities, changing rooms) and to complete them with installations for their specific needs (storage units, offices, meeting rooms). (108838)

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CIS 08-1337 Systematic observation of safety - Effective and simple method to reduce occupational accidents in the construction sector. (Spanish: Observación sistemática de la seguridad - Método eficaz y sencillo para reducir los accidentes laborales en la construcción) Meliá Navarro J.L., Becerril Galindo M., Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 2007, No.179, p.28-39. Illus. 16 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:

http://documentacion.apa.es/pdfs/revista/P179_3.pdf

This article presents a method for the prevention of occupational accidents based on behaviour observation that has been developed specifically for the construction sector, and whose high effectiveness has been repeatedly demonstrated in numerous international scientific studies carried out in enterprises and on construction sites. (108845)

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CIS 08-1338 Transport industry. (Russian: Promyšlennost' otrasl') Copsey S., Schneider E., Holm L., Olkkonen S., Kurppa K., Danilina A., Pratt S., Lehtinen S., Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 2008, Vol.11, No.2, p.38-63 (whole issue). Illus. 19 ref. (In English, Russian)

Internet:
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/9AE91C9E-51B5-4C54-94CA-D9D00398B490/0/Barents_2_08.pdf

Collection of articles on occupational safety and health in the transport sector of relevance to Russia and Nordic and Baltic countries. Contents: OSH and the transport sector; economic recovery in the transport sector in Sweden; cooperation for healthier working conditions among truck drivers in Finland; HIV/AIDS prevention in the road transport sector in Russia; global initiatives to prevent road traffic injury at work. Other topics: development of occupational health services; review of the XVIII World Congress on Safety and Health at Work (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 29 June - 2 July 2008). (108932)

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CIS 08-1339 Longitudinal respiratory health study of the wood processing industry. Glindmeyer H.W., Rando R.J., Lefante J.J., Freyder L., Brisolara J.A., Jones R.N., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.51 No.8, p.595-609. Illus. 47 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This 5-year longitudinal study examined non-malignant respiratory effects of wood processing dust exposure. Personal dust samples were collected from ten wood processing plants. Spirometric tests were conducted on 1164 workers from these plants, who also responded to questionnaires on their state of health, smoking and occupational exposures. Regression analyses were used to evaluate the effect of exposure on annual change in FEV1, FVC, FEF25-75, and FEV1/FVC. It was found that exposure to wood solids was not associated with significant adverse effects. However the respirable fraction of other particulate matter was associated with obstructive or restrictive effects in some cases. Other findings are discussed. (108782)

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CIS 08-1340 The printing unit of Le Monde - Reducing the risks makes good news. (French: Le Monde Imprimerie - La réduction des risques a bonne presse) Ravallec C., Travail et sécurité, June 2008, No.685, p.2-11. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ArchivesTS/archivests.nsf/(allDocParRef)/TS685
   …page2_1/$File/TS685page2.pdf?OpenElement

Printing sector workers are subjected to many constraints and high levels of strenuousness. This article presents the steps taken towards improving working conditions in the printing department of a large French daily newspaper. Topics addressed: dust caused by the use of recycled newsprint and dust removal; strenuousness; ambient temperatures; work organization. (108821)

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CIS 08-1341 Occupational health problems in modern dentistry: A review. Leggat P.A., Kedjarune U., Smith D.R., Industrial Health, Oct. 2007, Vol.45, No.5, p.611-621. 100 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_45_5_611.pdf

Occupational health hazards in dentistry include percutaneous exposure incidents (PEIs), exposure to infectious diseases (including bioaerosols), radiation, dental materials and noise, musculoskeletal disorders, dermatitis, respiratory disorders, eye injuries and psychological problems. PEIs are a particular concern, as there is an almost constant risk of exposure to serious infectious agents. Strategies to minimize PEI and their consequences include hepatitis B immunization, the use of personal protective measures and appropriate sterilization or disinfection techniques. Aside from biological hazards, dentists continue to suffer a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, especially of the back, neck and shoulders. (108811)

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CIS 08-1342 Perception of the risk of occupational accidents in the hotel industry. (Spanish: Percepción del riesgo de accidente de trabajo en hostelería) Jerez Torns D., Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2008, No.48, p.24-36. Illus. 6 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Hazard evaluations made by safety specialists do not always agree with hazard perceptions of workers. For this reason, a survey was conducted on workers' hazard perceptions in the hotel industry, a sector which is not considered to present high risks of severe or fatal accidents, but within which there exist a wide variety of tasks. Questionnaires were sent to the workers of 76 hotels all over Spain. Findings based on 611 responses are discussed. (108853)

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CIS 08-1343 Working conditions in a selected sample of call centre companies in Sweden. Norman K., Wigaeus Tornqvist E., Toomingas A., International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2008, Vol.14, No.2, p.177-194. 50 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The purpose of this study was to describe working conditions in call centres in Sweden. A questionnaire was answered by 1183 operators (848 women and 335 men) from 28 call centres. Items included background factors, conditions of employment, working hours, remuneration, duties, computer work and workplace design. It was found that operators at external companies and operators with low-complexity work tasks were generally younger, employed by the hour and working varying shifts. There were furthermore differences in working conditions between internal and external call centres. Finally it was found that certain aspects of supervision style and work organization, particularly at external call centres, cause stress and a lack of well being among the staff. (108921)

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CIS 08-1344 Physical work capacity in older adults: Implications for the aging worker. Kenny G.P., Yardley J.E., Martineau L., Jay O., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.51 No.8, p.610-625. Approx 150 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The purpose of this literature survey was to examine the physiological adaptations to aging, the impact of aging on performance and the benefits of physical fitness in improving functional work capacity in aging individuals. An average decline of 20% in physical work capacity has been reported between the ages of 40 and 60 years, due to decreases in aerobic and musculoskeletal capacity. These declines can contribute to decreased work capacity, and consequential increases in work-related injuries and illness. However, differences in habitual physical activity greatly influence the variability seen in individual physical work capacity. Well-organized, management-supported, work-site health interventions encouraging physical activity during work hours could potentially decrease the incidence of age-related injury and illness. (108783)

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CIS 08-1345 Accident statistics for fixed offshore units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980-2005. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 24p. 1 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr566.pdf

This project was undertaken with the purpose of obtaining accident statistics for offshore floating units on the United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS). In this respect, four databases holding information about incidents having occurred on floating units on the UKCS were interrogated. Investigations revealed that none of them had a complete recording of such incidents. Consequently, the event frequencies being obtained varied with the availability of sources. There was no reason to believe that the situation for fixed installations should be any different. Hence, it was decided to carry out a study on the frequencies of accidents on fixed units, based on a critical review of the coding of incidents in the existing databases. This report consists of the results of this analysis. (108761)

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CIS 08-1346 Accident statistics for floating offshore units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980-2005. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 32p. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr567.pdf

In 1999, four databases holding information about United Kingdom Continental Shelf semi-submersible flooding incidents were interrogated. The survey revealed that none of them had a complete recording of such incidents. Consequently, the event frequencies being obtained varied with the availability of sources. Furthermore, it was identified that there were incidents which were not recorded in any of these sources. There was no reason to believe that the situation and figures for other types of events on floating units should be any different. Hence, it was decided to carry out a study on the frequencies of accidents on floating units, based on a critical review of the coding of incidents in the existing databases. This report consists of the results of this analysis. (108762)

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CIS 08-1347 Occupational health standards in the construction industry. Adisesh A., Rawbone R., Foxlow J., Harris-Roberts J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. viii, 42p. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr584.pdf

It is estimated that two million workers in the United Kingdom currently suffer from an illness caused, or made worse, by the working environment. Ill-health can have a significant impact on the productivity of a business. Sickness absence costs the UK economy an estimated GBP12 billion per annum. The construction industry has the second-highest rate of self-reported illness attributed to work, with 3800 cases per 100,000 employed persons. Construction workers also have a high overall mortality rate. The objective of this study was to review the provision of occupational safety and health within the construction sector, in view of identifying areas of insufficient provision. Several recommendations are made with respect to ensuring the adoption of minimum safety and health standards across this sector. (108875)

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CIS 08-1348 OA-OD statistics in the food industry (by activity). (French: Statistiques AT-MP dans l'Agroalimentaire (par métier)) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2008. Internet document (HTML format). (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_sta
   …tistiquesagroalimentaire_1.php

Occupational accident and disease statistics in France for the years 2005, 2006 and 2007 for the main sub-sectors of the food industry (108949)

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CIS 08-1349 Risk assessment and process planning for bariatric patient handling pathways. Hignett S., Chipchase S., Tetley A., Griffiths P., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. xiv, 89p. Illus. 57 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr573.pdf

The obese population in the United Kingdom is growing and this group is considerably over-represented in the use of health and social care services. This project aimed to identify and explore the manual handling risks presented by bariatric (severely obese) patients during emergency admissions. Work involved: reviewing public health data to provide an estimate of the current and future bariatric patient population; surveying strategic, clinical and operational policies and procedures for bariatric patient handling; and obtaining case studies of specific incidents and risk management actions. Findings revealed that 40%-70% of health care institutions did not have a bariatric policy. Other findings are discussed. (108767)

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CIS 08-1350 Protecting workers in hotels, restaurants and catering. Elsler D., ed., European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2008. 163p. Illus. 71 ref. Price: EUR 20.00. Downloadable version free of charge., ISBN 978-92-9191-163-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE7007132ENC_horeca

The growing hotel, restaurant and catering sector (HORECA) employs more than 7.8 million, mostly young and low-skilled, people in the European Union. Typically, employees work long, irregular hours doing physically demanding work. The risks to workers' safety and health are many and varied, resulting from prolonged standing, carrying and lifting, exposure to high noise levels and working in too hot or cold environments. Workers also suffer cuts and burns, trips, slips and falls, and come into contact with dangerous substances. The work can be monotonous, stressful and draining. Nevertheless, employers and employees can work together to improve workplace safety and health. This prevention report on the HORECA sector highlights key risk prevention measures. (108807)

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CIS 08-1351 Studying and working in a Quebec region at 18 years of age: What are the safety and health risks? An exploratory study. (French: Etudier et travailler en région à 18 ans : quels sont les risques de SST? Une étude exploratoire) Ledoux E., Laberge L., Thulier C., Prud'homme P., Veillette S., Gaudreault M., Perron M., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. viii, 86p. Illus. 110 ref. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-263-4 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-560.pdf

This longitudinal survey on the living conditions and needs of 18-year old students was carried out in the Quebec region of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean during 2006. The survey included questions relating to occupational safety and health and to the constraints to which these young persons are exposed during their paid work. A total of 413 young persons responded to the questionnaire. Findings are discussed with respect to the young workers' jobs, the total organizational and physical constraints to which their jobs expose them, the accident scenarios and the importance of the MSD symptoms affecting this population. This project's findings will make it easier to develop information and awareness campaigns as well as intervention strategies intended for young workers and their employers. (108830)

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CIS 08-1352 An evaluation of the local authority programme joint authorisation pilot project: Transfer of enforcement responsibilities in the motor vehicle repair and dry-cleaning sectors. Wilson S., Tyers C., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. x, 77p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr586.pdf

During 2006, HSE ran a pilot project which involved handing over inspection responsibilities from HSE in two industrial sectors, motor vehicle repair and dry-cleaning, to a City Council. This report examines the effect of this project. It consists of two parts: firstly, an assessment of the way in which the pilot programme was delivered, the way in which inspectors were supported, the challenges they faced and the successes they experienced; a second part consists of an impact evaluation and a costs and benefits analysis, which investigates the extent to which the service resulted in a cost-effective improvement of outcomes. Overall, the pilot project demonstrated that given some training, local authority labour inspectors were capable of taking on inspection tasks that until now were enforced by the HSE. (108877)

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CIS 08-1353 The Mekong challenge - Destination Thailand: A cross-border labour migration survey in Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2005. xiii, 87p. Illus., ISBN 92-2-118062-X (In English)

Internet:
http://www.no-trafficking.org/content/Reading_Rooms/reading_rooms_pdf/pages%20fr
   …om%20mekong%20challenge_destination%20thailand%20%20(part%201).pdf
http://www.no-trafficking.org/content/Reading_Rooms/reading_rooms_pdf/pages%20fr
   …om%20mekong%20challenge_destination%20thailand%20(part%202).pdf
http://www.no-trafficking.org/content/Reading_Rooms/reading_rooms_pdf/pages%20fr
   …om%20mekong%20challenge_destination%20thailand%20(part%203).pdf
http://www.no-trafficking.org/content/Reading_Rooms/reading_rooms_pdf/pages%20fr
   …om%20mekong%20challenge_destination%20thailand%20(part%204).pdf
http://www.no-trafficking.org/content/Reading_Rooms/reading_rooms_pdf/pages%20fr
   …om%20mekong%20challenge_destination%20thailand%20(part%205).pdf

This report presents the findings of a survey of 239 households, including 80 returning labourers, 163 children (age 10-17) and 83 young adults (age 18-25) from four districts in a Cambodian border province with Thailand. The survey found a nine-fold increase in the number of school drop-outs during the preceding five years, frequent cases of lost contact with migrating family members, and therefore no remittances received, a dependence on agents to find cross-border work and increased vulnerability to the risks of human trafficking due to lack of public information for potential migrants. (108939)

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CIS 08-1354 Farmwise: Your essential guide to health and safety in agriculture. (Welsh: Ffermio Diogel: Eich canllaw hanfodol i iechyd a diogelwch mewn amaethyddiaeth) HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2009. 50p. (Web edition: 68p.) Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English, Welsh)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/welsh/indg427w.pdf

http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg427.pdf

This major guidance document describes in straightforward terms the principles of health and safety in agriculture. Contents: benefits of preventing accidents (injuries and ill health, their costs and causes); organizing for health and safety; risk assessment; consulting employees; contractors and family workers; training and skills; first aid, emergencies and reporting; preventing falls; building work; workplace transport; selecting and using equipment; maintenance work; workplace safety and welfare; electricity; child and public safety; handling livestock; chainsaws and tree work; COSHH (CIS 00-620) and health; health problems in agriculture (chest problems, zoonoses, skin problems, stress); pesticides and veterinary medicines; manual handling; noise and vibration; personal protective equipment. Previous edition: CIS 99-1465. (108964)

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CIS 08-1355 Occupational hazards in the construction industry. (French: Risques professionnels dans le bâtiment et les travaux publics) Boulat J.F., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3nd Quarter 2008, No.160, 10p. Illus. 20 ref. (In French)

Internet:

Contents of this article on occupational hazards in the construction sector: background; basis of French legislation; statistical data on hazards in the construction sector in France (occupational accidents, occupational diseases); risks of occupational accidents; risks related to manual handling and work postures; physical and chemical risk factors; organizational factors; occupational safety and health that takes account of future trends. (109006)

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CIS 08-1356 Proposal for Guidelines for port state control officers carrying out inspections under the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MELCBS); Proposal for Guidelines for flag State inspections under the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MEFS). (French: Projet de directives pour les agents chargés du contrôle par l'Etat du port effectuant des inspections en application de la convention du travail maritime, 2006 (MELCBS); Projet de directives pour les inspections des Etats du pavillon en vertu de la convention du travail maritime, 2006 (MEFS); Spanish: Propuesta de Pautas para los funcionarios encargados del control por el Estado del puerto que realizan inspecciones con arreglo al Convenio sobre el trabajo marítimo, 2006 (MELCBS); Propuesta de Pautas para las inspecciones por el Estado del pabellón en virtud des Convenio sobre el trabajo marítimo, 2006 (MEFS)) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. 54p. Illus. (MELCBS); 54p. Illus. (MEFS)., ISBN 978-92-121289-8 (En, MELCBS), ISBN 978-92-121291-1 (En, MEFS), ISBN 978-92-221289-7 (fr, MELCBS), ISBN 978-92-221291-0 (fr, MEFS), ISBN 978-92-321289-6 (es, MELCBS), ISBN 978-92-321291-9 (es, MEFS) (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/meetingdo
   …cument/wcms_096998.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/meetingdo
   …cument/wcms_096999.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/meetingdo
   …cument/wcms_097812.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/meetingdo
   …cument/wcms_097840.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/meetingdo
   …cument/wcms_097019.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/meetingdo
   …cument/wcms_097020.pdf

Proposed guidelines for flag State ship inspections and for port State control officers carrying out ship inspections under the Maritime Labour Convention of 2006 (see CIS 06-864). (108804)

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CIS 08-1357 The large retail sector: Hypermarkets and supermarkets. (French: La grande distribution: hypermarchés et supermarchés) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2009. Internet document (HTML format). 4 ref. (In French)

Internet:

http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_la_
   …grande_distribution_1.php

Comprised of over 10,000 stores employing 480,000 workers, the large retail sector is particularly exposed to occupational accidents and diseases. During 2006 in France, there were 61 occupational accidents per thousand workers in hypermarkets and 68 occupational accidents per thousand workers in supermarkets. The French national occupational disease insurance for salaried workers (CNAMTS) therefore decided to undertake various prevention initiatives together with sector professional bodies and large retail chains, which are summarized in this Internet document. (108945)

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CIS 08-1358 The ambulance driver. (French: Ambulancier) Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.48, No.2, 2p. Insert. (In French)

Internet:

Ambulance drivers carry out the transport of sick or injured persons in specially designed vehicles. Aimed at occupational physicians, this information note summarizes the main characteristics of this job (description, workplaces, work organization, tasks), together with the main hazards involved (physical workload, emotional stress, vibration, work posture, exposure to infectious agents). Other topics addressed: tools and equipment, work clothing. (108956)

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CIS 08-1359 Protecting workers in hotels, restaurants and catering. (Bulgarian: Zakrila na raboteštite v hotelierstvoto, restorant'orstvoto i ketăringa; Czech: Ochrana pracovníků v hotelových, restauračních a stravovacích službách; Danish: Beskyttelse af arbejdstagere i hotel- og restaurationsbranchen; Dutch: Bescherming van werknemers in de horeca; Estonian: Töötajate kaitse hotellides, restoranides ja toitlustuses; Finnish: Hotelli-, ravintola- ja catering-alan työturvallisuus; French: La protection des travailleurs du secteur de l'hôtellerie, de la restauration et des cafés; German: Arbeitnehmerschutz im Gastgewerbe; Greek: Prostasía tōn ergazoménōn ston kládo tōn xenodoheíōn, tōn estiatoríōn kai tēs trofodosías; Hungarian: A munkavállalók védelme a szállodákban, az éttermekben és a vendéglátásban; Italian: Protezione dei lavoratori nel settore alberghiero, della ristorazione e del catering; Latvian: Viesnīcu, restorānu un sabiedriskās ēdināšanas nozares darbinieku aizsardzība; Lithuanian: Viešbučių, restoranų ir viešojo maitinimo įstaigų darbuotojų apsauga; Maltese: Protezzjoni tal-ħaddiema fil-Lukandi, ir-Ristoranti u l-Kejtering; Polish: Ochrona pracowników sektora hotelarskiego i gastronomicznego; Portuguese: Proteger os trabalhadores da hotelaria e restauração; Romanian: Protecţia lucrătorilor din sectorul hoteluri, restaurante şi catering; Slovak: Ochrana zamestnancov v hoteloch, reštauráciách a stravovacích službách; Slovenian: Varnost delavcev v dejavnosti hotelirstva in gostinstva; Spanish: La protección de los trabajadores del sector de la hostelería, la restauración y el catering; Swedish: Skydda arbetstagare i hotell-, restaurang- och cateringsektorn) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2008. 2p. Illus. 2 ref. (In Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish)

Internet:






















http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/79/view

The growing hotel, restaurant and catering sector (HORECA) employs more than 7.8 million, mostly young and low skilled people in the European Union. Typically, employees work long, irregular hours doing physically demanding work. This fact sheet summarizes a prevention report on the HORECA sector. The report provides an overview of occupational safety and health, draws an inventory of good practices and comments the main changes that the sector is undergoing from the business and employment standpoints. (108968)

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CIS 08-1360 Young worker safety - Advice for supervisors. (French: La sécurité des jeunes travailleurs - Conseils aux superviseurs; Spanish: La seguridad de los trabajadores jóvenes - Consejos para los supervisores) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2006. 2p. Illus. 8 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:

http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/62

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/62
http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/62

According to European statistics, the work injury rate for young persons aged 18-24 years is 50% higher than for any other age group of workers. Lack of adequate supervision contributes to this high accident count. Young persons at work will be unfamiliar with their jobs, their surroundings and the risks associated with them. Inexperience will mean that they are unlikely to recognize risks or pay sufficient attention to them. There are also some specific restrictions on the work of young persons aged under 18. Therefore, in addition to training, young persons are likely to need more supervision than adults. This includes students on work experience or training placements and new recruits. Aimed at supervisors of young workers, this information note explains their roles and responsibilities. It is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145. (108973)

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CIS 08-1361 Young worker safety - Advice for parents. (French: La sécurité des jeunes travailleurs - Conseils aux parents; Spanish: La seguridad de los trabajadores jóvenes - Consejos para los padres) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2006. 2p. Illus. 6 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:

http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/63

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/63

http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/63

Aimed at parents of young workers, this information note explains the safety and health arrangements that employers need to provide for young people at work, and provides guidance on how to talk to their children about preventing workplace injuries. The information note is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145. (108974)

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CIS 08-1362 Protection for young people in the workplace. (French: La protection des jeunes sur le lieu de travail; Spanish: La protección de los jóvenes en el lugar de trabajo) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2006. 2p. Illus. 5 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:

http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/64

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/64

http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/64

Young persons can be at particular risk because they lack experience, training and awareness. They need good advice, information and supervision as well as suitable, safe and healthy jobs. For under-18 year-olds, including those in vocational training, internships or doing casual work while still at school or college, more specific regulations apply covering restrictions regarding their exposure to hazards and working hours. This information note provides a summary of the requirements to ensure safety and health at work, both in general and specifically with respect to young persons. It is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145. (108975)

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CIS 08-1363 Looking out for work hazards - Advice for young people. (French: Attention aux dangers sur le lieu de travail - Conseils destinés aux jeunes; Spanish: Cuidado con los riesgos laborales - Consejos para los jóvenes) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2006. 2p. Illus. 3 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:

http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/66

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/66

http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/66

New to the job and the workplace, young persons lack experience of the job and of the safety and health risks that can be present. They have the right to safe and healthy work, including the necessary training and supervision and the right to ask questions and report things that look unsafe. For those aged under 18 years, the law ban them from carrying out certain hazardous jobs because of their inexperience. This information note covers hazards faced by young persons in the workplace. It is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145. (108977)

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CIS 08-1364 Young Workers - Facts and figures. Exposure to risks and health effects. (French: Jeunes travailleurs - Faits et chiffres. Exposition aux risques et effets sur la santé; Spanish: Trabajadores jóvenes. Datos y cifras. Exposición a los riesgos y efectos sobre la salud) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2007. 2p. Illus. 5 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:

http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/70

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/70
http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/70

This information note summarises a risk observatory report on young workers. The aim of the report was to provide a review of the hazards young workers are exposed to at work and the consequences of these exposures both in the short term and long term. It does this by analysing statistics and studies, and through selected case studies of good practices in occupational safety and health. Many of the sectors and occupations young people are employed in are characterised by high accident risks and exposure to many workplace hazards. Specific targeted measures need to be taken in education and training as well as in daily workplace practice. This information note provides some recommendations. It is also available in several other European languages. (108980)

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CIS 08-1365 Your rights to safe and healthy work - Advice for young people. (French: Vos droits à une vie professionnelle sûre et saine - Recommandations aux jeunes; Spanish: Tu derecho a un trabajo seguro y saludable - Consejos para los jóvenes) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2006. 2p. Illus. 3 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/65

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/65

http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/65

Aimed at young workers, this information note highlights the importance of occupational safety and health, and of obeying safety instructions. It explains young workers' rights and the responsibilities of their employers. It is also available in several other European languages. Part of the series on Young worker safety abstracted as CIS 06-1145. (108976)

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CIS 08-1366 Young workers - Facts and figures. Youth employment. (French: Jeunes travailleurs - Faits et chiffres. Emploi des jeunes; Spanish: Trabajadores jóvenes. Datos y cifras. Empleo juvenil) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2007. 2p. Illus. 4 ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/69

http://osha.europa.eu/es/publications/factsheets/69

http://osha.europa.eu/fr/publications/factsheets/69

This information note summarizes the first section of a risk observatory report on young workers. The proportion of young workers is decreasing in almost all of the Member States. Nevertheless, the European Union youth unemployment rate was more than twice as high as the total unemployment rate. The information note gives an overview of the employment situation of young workers and the jobs they are employed in, mainly in services and low-skilled manual jobs. This distribution has important implications for the occupational safety and health of young people because of the specific set of potentially harmful conditions (including low pay, temporary seasonal work, poor employment conditions, atypical working time, shift, night and weekend work, and physically demanding work). Gender issues also play an important role. The information note is also available in several other European languages. (108979)

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[ Top of page ]

004 New technologies

CIS 08-1367 Nanotechnology research - Where to start?. (French: La recherche en nanotechnologie - Par où commencer?) Truchon G., Noël A., Cloutier Y., Maghni K., Gautrin D., Hallé S., Dufresne L., Dolez P., Tardif R., Travail et santé, June 2008, Vol. 24, No.2, p.32-35. 15 ref. (In French)

Internet:

Today, the province of Quebec has established a leading position in Canada in the field of nanotechnology. Given the growing importance of this emerging field, this article presents an overview of the main researchers, enterprises and workers involved in Quebec. (109009)

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CIS 08-1368 Modern building technologies and construction accidents - Case of the introduction of a new slab mould propping system. (Portuguese: Novas tecnologias construtivas e acidentes na construção civil: o caso da introdução de um novo sistema de escoramento de formas de laje) Fonseca E. D., Lima F.P.A., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2007, Vol.32, No.115, p.53-67. Illus. 24 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20115%20Novas%20tecnologias%
   …20construtivas.pdf

The article analyses to what extent new construction technologies can cause accidents. Through a case study, it demonstrates how the introduction of a new kind of propping for ribbed concrete slabs, used to improve quality and productivity, exposes workers to new risks and may cause accidents. There remains an important gap between the workers' prior experience and new work practices, which have not yet been fully assimilated. The new propping system was introduced presuming it would require only specific technical knowledge (straighten up, lining up etc.). However, work ergonomic observations showed that accidents occur because workers have not yet developed the necessary awareness to face new risks. (108864)

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CIS 08-1369 The NASA Flight Analog Project: Head-down bed rest studies. Meck J.V, Buccello-Stout R.R., Warren L.E., eds., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, May 2009, Vol.80. No.5 (Section II: Supplement), whole issue (65p.) Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

Internet:

Whole supplement of the major aerospace medicine journal, devoted to the physiological and psychological effects of long-term space travel involving situations of low or no gravity, as simulated by volunteers spending 60-90 days in a bed-rest position on a bed inclined -6° relative to the horizontal (under normal conditions of gravity). The study measured the effects of this simulation on: vital signs and fluid balance; nutritional status; the bones; the cardiovascular system; immune status, latent viral reactivation and stress; postural reflexes, balance control and functional mobility; behavioural and psychological issues; cognitive functioning. (108962)

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CIS 08-1370 Health effects of nanoparticles - 2nd edition (April 2008). (French: Les effets sur la santé reliés aux nanoparticules - 2e édition (avril 2008)) Ostiguy C., Soucy B., Lapointe G., Woods C., Ménard L., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. iii, 112p. Illus. Approx. 350 ref. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-259-7 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-558.pdf

An earlier literature survey on nanoparticles led to the publication by IRSST of two reports in early 2006, one on the health hazards of nanotechnologies (CIS 06-1147) and the other on various aspects of industrial hygiene applicable to these technologies. However, in view of the rapid scientific advances in this field, an update was needed. This report consists of a comprehensive review of the literature published until the end of 2006 on health hazards, industrial hygiene and means of controlling the exposure to nanoparticles in the workplace. (108828)

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CIS 08-1371 Workplace exposure to nanoparticles. Kosk-Bienko J., ed., European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Gran Vía 33, 48009 Bilbao, Spain, 2009. 89p. Illus. 341 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace_exposure_to_n
   …anoparticles

This literature survey presents the latest knowledge concerning the risks of workplace exposure to nanoparticles. With the growing importance and more widespread use of nanoparticles in the economy, it is essential that as much be learned about their potentially harmful effects (and how to prevent them) as possible. In-vivo studies have shown inflammation, fibrosis and tumours induced by several granular nanomaterials in the lungs after respiratory exposure. Currently the mechanism of tumour formation is not fully understood and scientific uncertainties remain. No harmful effects of skin exposure have been shown so far. Protective measures that are typically used to protect against insoluble materials, like dusts, are usually recommended for nanomaterials as well. The effectiveness of current methods of respiratory protection is still to be investigated. (108988)

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CIS 08-1372 Assessment of the benefits to the offshore industry from new technology and operating practices used in the shipping industry for managing collision risk. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 70p. Illus. 4 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr592.pdf

This report provides an overview of the latest technologies being adopted within the maritime industry for avoiding collision risk, having the potential to benefit the offshore oil and gas industry. The technologies include: radar; automatic identification system (AIM); aid to navigation information service (ANIS); electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS); e-navigation; long-range identification and tracking (LRIT); IMO routeing measures; systems for alerting fishing vessels to fixed obstructions. (108882)

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CIS 08-1373 NIOSH nanotechnology metal oxide particle exposure assessment study. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2001, USA, Mar. 2008. 4p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2008-122/pdfs/2008-122.pdf

This information sheet announces a NIOSH research programme on exposure to metal oxide nanomaterials. It describes the background, objectives, conditions for participation and benefits to participating companies. NIOSH researchers will visit the facilities of each participant to carry out personal sampling of exposure to nanoparticular metal oxides. The data collected will be used to determine the extent to which metal oxide exposure is occurring in the nanotechnology industry. (108986)

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[ Top of page ]

005 Chemical safety

CIS 08-1374 Chrysotile, a form of asbestos, biased studies, certainty of hazards. (French: Le chrysotile, une variété d'amiante, des études biaisées, des risques certains) Préventique-Sécurité, July-Aug. 2008, No.100, p.30-35. Illus. 20 ref. (In French)

Internet:

This article raises an alarm over the risks of a major comeback of asbestos. One of its types, chrysotile is portrayed as being innocuous. According to its defenders in Québec (Canada) and the Russian Federation, it does not possess sufficient bio-persistence (lifetime) to be carcinogenic. The article opposes this reasoning with the opinions of other specialists. It analyses the findings of articles put forward by the asbestos lobbies and concludes that they lack scientific rigour. (109001)

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CIS 08-1375 Beryllium sensitization and lung function among former workers at the Nevada test site. Rodrigues E.G., McClean M.D., Weinberg J., Pepper L.D., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.512-523. Illus. 32 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Beryllium use at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) was not acknowledged until the late 1990s. Starting in 2001, former workers of the NTS were tested for beryllium sensitization as part of a medical screening programme to identify individuals who may be at higher risk of developing chronic berylliosis. An observational study was conducted to highlight work-related factors associated with the odds of having BeS. Work history questionnaires were administered and principal components analysis was used to identify categories of related tasks associated with BeS. Among the 1786 former workers tested for BeS, 23 had a confirmed positive result, corresponding to an overall prevalence of 1.3%. However higher prevalences were observed among workers who performed certain specific job tasks. (108776)

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CIS 08-1376 Inflammatory markers and secondhand tobacco smoke exposure among U.S. workers. Clark J.D., Wilkinson J.D., LeBlanc W.G., Dietz N.A., Arheart K.L., Fleming L.E., Lee D.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.51 No.8, p.626-632. 22 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) indicated by serum cotinine, and markers of inflammation in adult workers. Using the subpopulation of employed participants (20 years and older) who were non-smokers and denied home SHS exposure from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002, the association between serum cotinine and inflammatory markers was analyzed. Serum cotinine levels were significantly higher among participants reporting SHS exposure in the workplace. Exposure to SHS as measured by serum cotinine also resulted in increased homocysteine levels. These results provide further evidence in support of universal workplace smoking restrictions in order to protect worker health. (108784)

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CIS 08-1377 REACH: The new regulation of the European Union relating to chemical substances and preparations (I). (Spanish: REACH. La nueva normativa de la Unión Europea en materia de sustancias y preparados químicos (I)) Fernández García R., Prevención, Jan.-Mar. 2007, No.179, p.52-69. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://documentacion.apa.es/pdfs/revista/P179_5.pdf

This article discusses the recently-approved European Regulation EC 1907/2006 of 18 December 2006 concerning the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (REACH). Contents: why REACH was needed; the REACH process and the required information. Other topics will be addressed in a second article to be published. (108847)

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CIS 08-1378 Chemical endocrine disruptors. (Spanish: Compuestos químicos alteradores endocrinos) Lagoma Lorén L., Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2008, No.48, p.18-23. Illus. 5 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:

This article discusses the endocrine effects of certain chemical agents used in industry - the so-called endocrine disrupters - on the environment, animals and human health. In the majority of cases, the effects are irreversible. Preventive actions (precautionary principle, limitation of exposure, surveillance) are therefore essential. (108852)

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CIS 08-1379 Exposure to organic solvents - Risk of evolution of chronic renal diseases towards terminal renal insufficiency. (French: Exposition aux solvants organiques - Risque de progression des maladies rénales chroniques vers l'insuffisance rénale terminale) Jacob S., Héry M., Stengel B., Documents pour le médecin du travail, June 2008, No.114, p.233-241. Illus. 33 ref. (In French)

Internet:

http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReferenc
   …e/TF%20170/$File/TF170.pdf

This article describes a retrospective cohort study involving 338 patients suffering from glomerular nephropathies for which biopsies were performed between 1994 and 2001, and who were followed up until 2004. Their exposures to solvents were evaluated by industrial hygienists on the basis of interview data. Terminal renal insufficiency (TRI) was defined either as the patient requiring dialysis or a glomerular filtration rate of less than 15mL/min per 1.73m2. The relative risks of TRI associated with solvents were estimated using Cox regression models. It was found that high solvent exposure levels were associated with twofold to fourfold higher TRI risks. Products or chemicals giving rise to the greatest risks were printing inks, fuels, toluene, xylene, petroleum products and acetone. The most exposed workers were mechanics and fitters, plumbers and welders. These findings highlight the importance of screening for glomerular diseases and increased medical supervision of workers exposed to solvents in occupational settings. (108859)

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CIS 08-1380 Saliva as an analytical tool to measure occupational exposure to toluene. Ferrari M., Negri S., Zadra P., Ghittori S., Imbriani M., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Aug. 2008, Vol.81, No.8, p.1021-1028. Illus. 19 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Biomonitoring of toluene exposure is commonly performed using blood or urine sampling. Sampling of saliva may be a simple and a viable alternative. In this study, solvent concentrations in urine and saliva were measured in a group of 36 workers exposed to toluene in the synthetic leather industry. Their environmental exposure to toluene was assessed using passive samplers. Toluene in urine, saliva and environmental samples was measured by GC-MS. Environmental toluene levels ranged from 0.22 to 57.20mg/m3, while the concentrations of the solvent in saliva and urine ranged from 0.12 to 18.30µg/L and from 0.47 to 26.64µg/L, respectively. The correlation coefficients between biological and environmental levels of toluene were 0.77 and 0.93, respectively, for saliva and urine samples. These findings suggest that saliva monitoring could be a simple and practical method of evaluating exposure to toluene. (108917)

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CIS 08-1381 Case study of solvent substitution in the cleaning of high-voltage circuit breakers. (French: Etude de cas de substitution de solvant pour le nettoyage de disjoncteurs haute tension) Debia M., Bégin D., Gérin M., Travail et santé, Sep. 2008, Vol. 24, No.3, p.30-36. 50 ref. (In French)

Internet:

This article presents a project undertaken in view of the substitution of the solvent currently used for removing silicone grease during the maintenance of high-voltage circuit breakers, namely a mixture of trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene and saturated hydrocarbons, which has been identified as the cause of mucous membrane irritation in several workers. Furthermore, trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene are known carcinogens. A nine-step systematic approach was adopted, consisting of supplier surveys, small-scale testing and more in-depth evaluations, leading to the selection of octamethyltrisiloxane. However, for reasons of cost, the enterprise finally selected the "Skysol" solvent (a mixture of saturated hydrocarbons and 3-methoxy-3-methyl-1-butanol). (109002)

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CIS 08-1382 Occupational exposure to solvents and gasoline and risk of cancers in the urinary tract among Finnish workers. Lohi J., Kyyrönen P., Kauppinen T., Kujala V., Pukkala E., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.668-672. 15 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of cancers of the urinary tract in relation to occupational exposure to solvents and gasoline. A cross-sectional cohort of all economically active Finns from the 1970 population census was followed up for bladder cancer (BC, 10,277 cases) and renal cell cancer (RCC, 9954 cases). Exposure to hydrocarbons solvents and gasoline were assessed with a job exposure matrix. Relative risks (RR) were defined using Poisson regression models, adjusted for smoking and obesity. Exposure to solvents was positively associated with the incidence of BC in women but not in men. The RRs were above 1.2 in nearly all exposures studied but a statistically significant excess was only seen for middle levels of chlorinated solvents (1.7) and low levels of aromatic solvents (1.6). The RRs for RCC were close to unity in all exposures studied. (108895)

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CIS 08-1383 Clinical consequences of asbestos-related diffuse pleural thickening: A review. Miles S.E., Sandrini A., Johnson A.R., Yates D.H., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 8 Sep. 2008, Vol.20, No.3, 10p. Illus. 67 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Asbestos-related diffuse pleural thickening (DPT) is increasingly common due to the large number of workers previously exposed to asbestos. It may coexist with asbestos related pleural plaques but has a distinctly different pathology. The pathogenesis of this condition as distinct from pleural plaques is gradually becoming understood. Benign asbestos-related pleural effusions commonly antedate the development of DPT. High resolution computed tomography is more sensitive and specific than chest radiography for the diagnosis of DPT. Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography scanning may be useful in distinguishing between DPT and malignant mesothelioma. DPT may be associated with symptoms such as dyspnoea and chest pain. It affects lung function but rarely results in respiratory failure or death. (108898)

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CIS 08-1384 Contamination by pesticides and personal protective equipment (PPE). (Portuguese: A contaminação por agrotóxicos e os equipamentos de proteção individual (EPIs)) Veiga M.M., Duarte F.J.C.M., Meirelles L.A., Garrigou A., Baldi I., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.32, No.116, p.57-68. Illus. 38 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20116%20Ensaio%20Agrotóxicos
   …%20e%20EPIs.pdf

This study analysed the efficiency of personal protective equipment (PPE) used when mixing and spraying pesticides in Brazilian and French farming. Analysis was based on two case studies: the first concerning a tomato crop located in a small rural community in the Southeast of Brazil; the second, a vineyard in France. The findings showed that PPEs used in both cases did not offer proper protection against pesticides, and sometimes even turned into a source of contamination. The study concludes that PPE by themselves cannot eliminate or neutralize unhealthy conditions related to pesticide use, as law demands. It also shows that PPEs have not always been properly designed, selected, used, maintained, stored and disposed. (108870)

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CIS 08-1385 Waste: From sorting to disposal, steps of coherent and optimized waste management. (French: Déchets: du tri à l'évacuation, les étapes d'une gestion rigoureuse et optimale) Richard A.M., Prévention BTP, May 2008, No.107, p.34-36. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Construction site waste management is both an environmental and business necessity. Good management begins with an analysis of the production processes so as to minimize waste at the source, and includes sorting, which lowers disposal costs. Key issues concerning special waste (plaster, asbestos) are highlighted in a box. (108839)

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CIS 08-1386 Integral management of industrial waste and special handling of dangerous residues. (Spanish: Gestión integral de excedentes industriales y manejo especial de residuos peligrosos) Gavrilova E., Protección y seguridad, July-Aug. 2008, Vol.54, No.320, p.47-51. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:

This article discusses trends in industrial waste disposal in Colombia during the last few decades, until the organization of waste recovery and recycling supply chains, and the integrated management of wastes. It also presents a pilot project for the disposal of used refrigerators, including the recovery of refrigerants that are harmful to the environment. (108848)

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CIS 08-1387 Occupational behaviors and farmworkers' pesticide exposure: Findings from a study in Monterey County, California. Salvatore A.L., Bradman A., Castorina R., Camacho J., López J., B. Barr D.B., Snyder J., Jewell N.P., Eskenazi B., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.782-794. Illus. 57 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The relationship between self-reported behaviours and agricultural pesticide exposures were assessed in 73 strawberry fieldworkers employed in Monterey County, California. Organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposure was measured using dimethyl alkylphosphate (DMAP) and malathion dicarboxylic acid (MDA) urinary metabolite levels. Wearing recommended clothing, wearing clean work clothes, hand washing with soap and wearing gloves were associated with decreases in DMAP and MDA levels. Despite these protective behaviours, however, participants had significantly higher levels of exposure as compared with a national reference sample. Further efforts are needed to reduce the exposure disparities experienced by farmworkers and decrease the potential for ``take home'' exposures to farmworkers' families. (108998)

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CIS 08-1388 Dust content of lungs and its relationships to pathology, radiology and occupational exposure in Ontario hardrock miners. Verma D.K., Ritchie A.C., Muir D.C.F., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.524-531. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Autopsied lungs from 29 hard rock miners were investigated to determine possible relationships between pathology and radiology findings, and occupational exposure. There was a good agreement between radiological and pathological findings. Positive correlations were seen between hydroxyproline (as an index of fibrosis), silica dust, non-silica inorganic dust, radiographic category of pneumoconiosis and pathologic grade of silicosis. Smokers lost on average seven years of life compared to non-smokers. Silica appeared to be concentrated in lungs and lymph nodes. Silica in the lymph nodes was on average 2.4-fold higher than in the lungs. Other findings are discussed. (108777)

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CIS 08-1389 Urinary N-acetyl-beta -D-glucosaminidase and its isoenzymes A and B in workers exposed to cadmium at cadmium plating. Kalahasthi R.B., Rajmohan H.R., Rajan B.K., Karuna Kumar M., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, July 2007, Vol.2, No.5, 7p. 28 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This case-control study was carried out to determine the effect of cadmium exposure on urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and its isoenzymes A and B among cadmium plating workers. It involved 100 workers of a telephone manufacturing plant in India, including 50 cadmium plating workers and an equal number of age and sex matched unexposed administrative staff. A significant increase of urinary total NAG and its isoenzymes A and B were noted in exposed group compared to controls. The levels of urinary NAG and its isoenzymes A and B were significantly correlated with cadmium levels in urine. Other findings are discussed. It is concluded that urinary NAG could be used as a biomarker for exposure to cadmium. (108796)

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CIS 08-1390 Asbestos hazards: Construction sector workers on the front line. (French: Risque amiante: les professionnels du BTP en première ligne) Jolly H., Prévention BTP, Apr. 2008, No.106, p.48-51. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Topics addressed in this article on the prevention of occupational hazards due to asbestos in the construction sector: jobs exposed to hazards; data on the number of exposed workers in France, cases of compensated occupational diseases and fatalities caused by asbestos; personal protective equipment; diseases caused by asbestos (asbestosis; pleural plaques; bronchopulmonary cancers, mesothelioma); account of a retired electrician suffering from pleural lesions and asbestosis; viewpoint of an asbestos victims' defense association. (108834)

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CIS 08-1391 Sociodemographic data and working conditions of painters exposed to solvents at a public university in Rio de Janeiro. (Portuguese: Dados sociodemográficos e condições de trabalho de pintores expostos a solventes em uma universidade pública da cidade do Rio de Janeiro) Ramos A., Silva Filho J.F., Jardim S.R., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.32, No.116, p.38-49. Illus. 60 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20116%20Dados%20sóciodemograficos.pdf

This cross-sectional study presents the socio-demographic profile and working conditions of painters exposed to solvents. Data on demographic factors and working conditions were collected from 55 painters employed by a public university in Rio de Janeiro by means of interviews. It was found that 58.2% of the painters reported never wearing individual protection equipment; 52.73% were unaware of the internal occupational accident prevention committee; 92.73% performed some kind of repetitive movement; 60% had another source of income (mostly as freelancers); 87.3% rated relationships at work as being good and 45.45% had already worked as painters before being hired by their present employers. Other findings are discussed. (108868)

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CIS 08-1392 Evaluation of liver enzyme levels in workers exposed to vinyl chloride vapors in a petrochemical complex: A cross-sectional study. Attarchi M.S., Aminian O., Dolati M., Mazaheri M., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Aug. 2007, Vol.2, No.6, 6p. 26 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of mild to moderate long-term exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) on the liver, and to assess the suitability of liver enzyme measurements as a screening tool for these effects. Liver enzyme levels of 52 exposed workers were compared to 48 unexposed controls. Cases worked in a PVC production unit in a petrochemical complex in Iran, and the controls were randomly selected from office personnel of the same complex. Both groups answered a questionnaire on personal factors and work history. There were statistically-significant differences between cases and controls in ALP and GGT; there were also differences in AST, ALT and bilirubin, but this difference was not statistically significant. Mild exposure to VCM can cause mild liver cholestasis; cholestasis assessment tests such as ALP and GGT should be considered in the regular monitoring of liver function among PVC production workers. (108795)

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CIS 08-1393 Sensitization to bisphenol A and bisphenol F among workers exposed to epoxy resins. (Spanish: Sensibilización a bisfenol A y bisfenol F en trabajadores expuestos a resinas epoxi) Jiménez Bajo L., Fernández Guarino M., Del Pozo Pozo A.I., Martinez-Amo Gámez J.L., Heras Mendaza F., Conde-Salazar Gómez L., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, June 2008, Vol.LIV, No.211, p.39-45. Illus. 12 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?pid=S0465-546X2008000200006&script=sci_arttext
http://www.isciii.es/htdocs/centros/medicinadeltrabajo/revistamedicinatrabajo/Me
   …dicina_211.pdf

This study examines 39 cases of sensitization to epoxy resin referred to the dermatology department of a Spanish university hospital during the period 2003-2007. The prevalence of epoxy resin sensitization was 2% and the mean sensitization period 24 months. The most frequent location was the hands (84% of patients). All cases reacted positively to bisphenol F patch tests. Sensitization to epoxy resins was the cause of a change in workplace for 46% of the cases. Other findings are discussed. (108842)

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CIS 08-1394 Occupational exposure to wood dust in Italy 1996-2008. Scarselli A., Binazzi A., Ferrante P., Marinaccio A., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.65, No.8, p.567-574. Illus. 40 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure levels to wood dust in Italy and to examine some exposure determinants. Data on exposure measurements on wood dust were extracted from the SIREP (Italian Information System on Occupational Exposure to Carcinogens) database between 1996 and 2006. Descriptive statistics were calculated for exposure-related variables using univariate analyses. The prevalence of elevated exposure levels was estimated overall and for some industrial sectors. A multifactorial analysis of variance was performed to determine which factors influenced exposure levels to wood dust. A total of 10,837 exposures were reported, with a geometric mean of 0.97mg/m3. Other findings are discussed. (108930)

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CIS 08-1395 Characteristics of occupational exposure to dust in the work environment of marble-working workshops in the city of São Paulo. (Portuguese: Características da exposição ocupacional a poeiras em marmorarias da cidade de São Paulo) Santos A.M.A., Cançado R.Z.L., Anjos R.M., Amaral N.C., Lima L.C.A., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.32, No.116, p.11-23. Illus. 18 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20116%20Marmorarias.pdf

This evaluation of the characteristics of dust to which workers in marble cutting workshops are exposed took into account the relationships between dust concentrations at the workplace, types of rocks worked on, wet and dry operations, machinery and tools used, and the size distribution of the airborne particles. Marble cutting workshops were characterized by high concentrations of dust in the inhalable, thoracic and respirable fractions, produced by the tools used for dry abrasive polishing. Silica concentrations were up to sixteen times higher than the 0.05mg/m3 occupational exposure limit recommended. Marble cutting workshops that made use of the wet abrasive polishing process showed that the probability of environmental concentrations exceeding the exposure limit value could be reduced by up to 99%. (108867)

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CIS 08-1396 Assessing risks concerning the use of xylene in cytology and pathological anatomy laboratories. (Portuguese: Avaliação dos riscos associados ao uso do xilol em laboratórios de anatomia patológica e citologia) Costa K.N.S., Pinheiro I.O., Calazans G.T., Nascimento M.S., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, July-Dec. 2007, Vol.32, No.116, p.50-56. Illus. 13 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20116%20Xilol.pdf

An evaluation of occupational exposure to xylene used by technicians in cytology and pathological anatomy was carried out in eight laboratories of a region of Brazil. Data were collected by means of self-administered questionnaires and interviews. Emphasis was given to information concerning occupational health and risk perception when using xylene and disposing waste. Results show that personal and collective protection equipment were neglected. Eighty percent of the technicians interviewed had noticed changes in health after they had been exposed to xylene for some years. However, only 6.6% of them went through regular monitoring of urinary methyl hippuric acid, a biomarker of xylene exposure. It was noticed that 76.6% of the people interviewed disposed waste directly into a sink, as there was no proper place for waste disposal. Findings highlight the need for workers' training with respect to occupational and environmental hazards. (108869)

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CIS 08-1397 Evaluation and prevention of occupational hazards among nail prothesists. (French: Evaluation et prévention des risques chez les prothésistes ongulaires) Beaumont D., Collard C., Cortin C., Cuzzoun-Gavalda J., Lafon D., Lellouch M., Mignot G., Poete V., Pomian J.L., Taghavi L., Thibault X., Wlasny R., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2008, No.113, p.21-43. Illus. 46 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/TC%20117
   …/$File/tc117.pdf

This review describes the current medical and technical situation of nail prothesisis. Following a presentation of the job, the various activities are described, together with their associated hazards which include exposures to chemicals used while inserting artificial nails and difficult work postures. A final section provides guidance on hazard prevention (housekeeping, hygiene, ventilation and ergonomics). An appendix includes an interview guide aimed at occupational physicians. (108952)

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CIS 08-1398 Using, storing and transporting chemicals. Stellman J.M., Osinsky D., eds., Arab Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, P.O. Box 5770, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic, 2008. 88p. Illus. 12 ref. (In Arabic)

Internet:

Arabic translation of the chapter on using, storing and transporting chemicals of the ILO Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety (CIS 99-1860). Contents: classification and labelling systems for the safe handling and usage of chemicals; safe handling and storage of chemicals; handling, storage and transport of compressed gases; laboratory hygiene; methods for localized control of air contaminants; case study on the GESTIS chemical information system (see CIS 95-2212). (108818)

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CIS 08-1399 Development of markers and validation of diagnostic tools for screening for beryllium induced hypersensitivity. (French: Développement de marqueurs et validation d'outils de diagnostic pour le dépistage de l'hypersensibilité induite par le béryllium) Fournier M., Bernier J., Brousseau P., Cyr D., Viel G., Sauvé S., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. v, 20p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: CAD 7.35. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-251-1 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-556.pdf

Known for its high toxicity, beryllium can cause berylliosis, a serious pneumopathy, or chronic beryllium disease. The lymphocyte proliferation test (BeLPT) commonly used for detecting a worker's sensitivity to this metal offers little predictive value for the risks of contracting berylliosis. Knowing that this disease can take up to 30 years to develop in a sensitized worker, it is essential that a new effective detection tool be developed. By exploring experimental approaches, this research was able to determine the feasibility of methods for the selective characterization of target cells and the use of protein signatures on blood samples. A technique was also developed for quantifying beryllium in plasma, and the potential of complexing agents for displacing it and reversing its toxicity in cell cultures was tested. These new tools will allow a follow-up programme to be implemented for sensitized workers, mainly by providing a more precise diagnosis of the determination of their exposure to beryllium. It will also be possible to validate current standards or to define new ones based on firm assumptions. (108826)

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CIS 08-1400 REACH - Situation as of September 2008. (German: REACH - Stand: September 2008) Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Friedrich-Henkel-Weg 1-25, 44149 Dortmund, Germany, 2008. PDF document. 31p. (In German)

Internet:

Collection of bibliographic data and abstracts of recent publications on the REACH regulations (registration, evaluation and authorization of chemicals) obtained from a search in the LITDOK database of the German Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (108900)

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CIS 08-1401 Impact of workload on the biological exposure indicators of five solvents. (French: Influence de la charge de travail sur les indicateurs biologiques d'exposition de cinq solvants) Tardif R., Charest-Tardif G., Truchon G., Brochu M., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. v, 45p. Illus. 45 ref. Price: CAD 8.40. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-265-8 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-561.pdf

This project is the third part of a study programme on the environmental and physiological factors leading to biological variability. Earlier projects identified that the workload could have a major effect on the value of biological exposure indicators (BEIs) for industrial solvents. Using human volunteers, this project aimed at understanding how to take into account the effect of the physical activity level in the development and application of physiologically-based toxicokinetic models, in order to propose and better interpret BEIs. The effect of workload on the kinetics of five solvents was evaluated. Findings are discussed. (108960)

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CIS 08-1402 Formaldehyde and human cancer risk. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals (ECETOC), Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1995. 37p. 83 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Literature survey on the carcinogenicity in humans of exposure to formaldehyde. In animal studies, formaldehyde has been identified as a carcinogen in rats exposed to formaldehyde levels high enough to cause cell damage. In mice, carcinogenicity is much weaker, and no such effects have been noted in other animal species or in humans. A large number of epidemiological studies on humans have shown no evidence for such a relationship, not even in professions with high levels of exposure to formaldehyde, such as pathologists, anatomists and morticians. The overall conclusion of the survey is that there is no good justification for the IARC classification 2A of formaldehyde. (108987)

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CIS 08-1403 Occupational exposure to organic dusts and cancer among Finnish workers: Special emphasis on the food industry and agriculture. Laakkonen A., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2008. 83p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 21.60., ISBN 978-951-802-851-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://acta.uta.fi/pdf/978-951-44-7500-9.pdf

Organic dusts are a major cause of occupational diseases of the respiratory tract. The food industry and agriculture are significant sources of organic dust. In this cohort study on the risk of cancer due to exposure to organic dust, several computerized databases in Finland were linked, based on either individual or group-level key variables. This enabled the identification of two cohorts, a first comprising all Finns born between 1906 and 1945 with past or present activity in the food industry, the second comprising all persons active in farming in 1978. Occupational exposures were estimated using the Finnish National Job-Exposure Matrix (FINJEM). It was found that occupational exposures were unlikely to be a major risk of cancer among either food industry workers or farmers. Other findings are discussed. (108931)

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CIS 08-1404 Development of methods for measuring the adherence of protective gloves - Preliminary study. (French: Mise au point de méthodes pour mesurer l'adhérence des gants de protection - Étude préliminaire) Gauvin C., Dolez P., Harrabi L., Boutin J., Petit Y., Vu-Khanh T., Lara J., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. ix, 77p. Illus. 68 ref. + CD-ROM. Price: CAD 9.45. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-261-0 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-559.pdf

Workers wearing gloves with poor adherence may have to make additional efforts to hold the object that they are manipulating, which can cause discomfort, pain and even musculoskeletal problems. This study's main objective was to explore various approaches for characterizing the adherence of protective gloves. A biomechanical method previously developed at the IRSST was modified to measure the coefficient of friction of gloves, and applied to tests, firstly with human subjects, then with a mechanical device requiring no human intervention. Furthermore, a laboratory method for measuring the coefficient of friction was developed and applied to the measurement of 27 glove models. This study demonstrates that the mechanical method makes it easier to control the variables that affect adherence measures. It is a simple, reliable and inexpensive method that can be useful to protective glove manufacturers for measuring the adherence of their products. (108829)

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CIS 08-1405 OSHA Fact Sheet - Procedures for atmospheric testing in confined spaces. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2005. 2p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/atmospheric_test_confined.pdf

A confined space is one that is large enough to enter and perform assigned work in. It has limited or restricted ways to enter or exit the space and was not designed to be occupied continuously by a worker. Atmospheric testing in confined spaces is required for evaluating the hazards of the confined space and verifying that acceptable conditions exist for entry into that space. This information sheet summarizes the procedures required for atmospheric testing in confined spaces as required according to United States legislation. (108985)

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CIS 08-1406 2008 TLVs and BEIs. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), 1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45240, USA, 2008. xix, 252p. Illus. 12 ref. Index. Price: USD 39.95., ISBN 978-1-882417-79-7 (In English)

Internet:

The information in this pocket-sized publication can be used as a guide for evaluation and control of workplace exposures to chemical substances and physical agents. Threshold Limit Value (TLV) occupational exposure guidelines are recommended for more than 700 chemical substances and physical agents. There are also more than 50 Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) that cover more than 80 chemical substances. Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) registry numbers are listed for each chemical. Introductions to each section and appendices provide the scientific background and practical recommendations for using TLVs and BEIs. (108805)

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CIS 08-1407 Control of diesel engine exhaust emissions in the workplace. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Aug. 2008. iv, 16p. Illus. 14 ref. Price: GBP 8.95., ISBN 978-0-7176-6306-4 (In English)

Internet:


This booklet provides practical advice to employers and self-employed persons on how to control exposure to diesel engine exhaust emissions (DEEEs) in the workplace, and so protect the health of employees and others who may be exposed. Managers, supervisors, employees, health and safety professionals, safety representatives and trade union representatives will also find this guidance useful. Contents: introduction; diesel engine exhaust emissions; controlling exposure to DEEEs in specific situations. Appendices include legal requirements for the control of occupational exposure, carcinogenicity of DEEEs, workplace exposure limits, skin contact and environmental DEEEs. Replaces the 1st edition (CIS 00-1700). (108937)

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CIS 08-1408 OSHA Fact Sheet - Asbestos. (Spanish: OSHA Hoja Informativa - Asbesto) U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2002. 2p. (In English, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AsbestosFacts/asbestos-factsheet.pdf

http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AsbestosFacts/asbestos-factsheet-spanish.pdf

Contents of this information sheet on asbestos: definition; health hazards; exposure risks; OSHA standards; permissible exposure limits; responsibilities of employers with respect to exposure monitoring, restricted areas, limitation of exposure, respiratory protection, protective clothing, hygiene facilities, medical supervision and recordkeeping; sources of additional information. (108984)

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CIS 08-1409 Chlorine. (French: Chlore) Théodore J., Baud F., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3nd Quarter 2008, No.160, 5p. 28 ref. (In French)

Internet:

Chlorine is widely used in industry. Its toxicity primarily results in respiratory diseases, although acute exposure can also cause eye damage. Acute poisoning is rare but can be fatal. In cases of occupational respiratory diseases, the prognosis is generally positive following removal from exposure. Carcinogenic risks are possible but have been difficult to prove in humans. There is currently no specific treatment for chlorine poisoning, but all acute exposures require hospital observation, even in the absence of symptoms. Preventive measures play an important role in limiting this chemical hazard. Regular medical supervision of exposed workers is required for detecting symptoms which may be potentially highly incapacitating. (109004)

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CIS 08-1410 Asbestos-related occupational diseases. (French: Affections professionnelles dues à l'amiante) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2005. Internet document (HTML format). 4 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_evo
   …lution_30et30bis_1.php

This study highlights the chronology of changes made since 1991 to tables 30 and 30 bis on asbestos-related occupational diseases in France, together with the changes in related regulations concerning the compensation of diseases listed in the tables, in particular for the purpose of identifying the factors having had an incidence on spending trends. (108944)

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[ Top of page ]

006 Fires, explosions and major hazards

CIS 08-1411 Measurement of acoustic spectra from liquid leaks. Royle M., Willoughby D., Brueck E., Patel J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 69p. Illus. 1 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr568.pdf

Acoustic leak detectors (ALDs) are being used increasingly on offshore platforms as a means of detecting leaks of flammable gases. They detect a leak through the ultrasonic sound produced by the escaping gas jet during leaks of liquids under high pressure. These sensors have been shown to perform well under the conditions experienced on offshore platforms. HSE recognizes the benefits of using such devices possibly in conjunction with line-of-sight sensors to detect gaseous releases. The objectives of this study were to develop spectra of the sound produced from pressurized releases of liquids under a variety of realistic release scenarios, to analyse the responses of selected ALD sensors positioned at different locations relative to the point of release and to collect information for producing guidance on using ALD sensors for protection against leaks of liquids under pressure. (108763)

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CIS 08-1412 Analysis of ERRV trials data from ERRVA and Seacroft. Robson J.K., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. viii, 125p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr569.pdf

This study involved the analysis of data collected over a number of years concerning the frequency, circumstances and prevailing conditions when emergency response rescue vessels (ERRVs) on the United Kingdom Continental Shelf carried out trials with their rescue craft. Wind and wave conditions, trial conditions and seasons were taken into account. Findings are discussed. (108764)

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CIS 08-1413 Overview of TEMPSC performance standards. Robson J.K., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 77p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr599.pdf

In the majority of offshore emergency scenarios on the United Kingdom Continental Shelf, totally enclosed motor-propelled survival craft (TEMPSC) are relied upon as the secondary means for evacuation, after helicopters. Although TEMPSC are subject to performance standards laid down by the International Maritime Organisation, in particular with respect to launch systems, these standards address issues that primarily concern the carriage and use of lifeboats on ships rather than on offshore installations. Furthermore, a number of accidents have been reported that can be attributed to shortcomings in the design, use or maintenance of TEMPSC. This study investigated the current regulatory regime as applied to TEMPSC and its relevance to the use of these craft on offshore installations. (108889)

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[ Top of page ]

008 Physical hazards

CIS 08-1414 Hand-transmitted vibration in power tools: Accomplishment of standards and users' perception. Vergara M., Sancho J.L., Rodríguez P., Pérez-González A., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.652-660. Illus. 22 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This article presents the results of the measurements of hand-arm vibration levels of 70 tools used in various industrial sectors. Ninety workers were interviewed on their perception of vibration levels and on the symptoms of diseases related to hand-transmitted vibration. Compliance with current regulations was checked and the relationships between workers' perception of vibration, measured vibration levels and symptoms of vibration-related disorders were analysed. About 15% of the tools exceeded the action limits according to applicable standards. No preventive action was taken in any of these cases. Furthermore, in most of the cases, workers did not perceive these levels as being too high, which constitutes an additional risk factor. (108901)

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CIS 08-1415 Variation between manufacturers' declared vibration emission values and those measured under simulated workplace conditions for a range of hand-held power tools typically found in the construction industry. Rimell A.N., Notini L., Mansfield N.J., Edwards D.J., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.661-675. Illus. 33 ref. (In English)

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Manufacturers' declared vibration emission values for hand-held power tools used were compared with those of the OPERC HAVTEC database. The values recorded in this database are made according to ISO 5349 using simulated workplace conditions. A total of 656 tool and attachment combinations were evaluated, covering a wide range of applications typically found within the construction industry. These data were compared with the manufacturers declared values, with and without the multiplication factors provided in technical report CEN/TR 15350. In general, it was found that workplace vibration emissions were underestimated by manufacturers' declared values, while they were overestimated by the multiplication factors given in CEN/TR 15350. (108902)

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CIS 08-1416 Technical guide: Noise and mechanical vibrations. (Spanish: Guías técnicas: ruido y vibraciones mecánicas) Luna Mendaza P., Pujol Senovilla L., Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2008, No.48, p.38-43. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Presentation of the main points of two technical guides on noise and mechanical vibrations recently published by the INSHT. They aim to help implement the Royal Decrees on the protection of occupational safety and health of workers exposed to noise (RD 286/2006) and to mechanical vibration (RD 11311/2005). (108854)

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CIS 08-1417 Exposure monitoring system for day-long vibration and palm force measurements. Peterson D.R., Brammer A.J., Cherniack M.G., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.676-686. Illus. 25 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This article describes a vibration exposure monitor consisting of a small, portable data-logging system, including an adapter containing an accelerometer and a force sensor, developed to record user-specific tool-operating times, hand-transmitted vibration, and palm forces throughout all, or a representative part, of an 8-h workday. The microprocessor-based device has proved to be cost-effective, robust and flexible and can be applied across a wide range of occupations and occupational settings involving exposures to vibration. (108903)

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CIS 08-1418 Nerve damage occurs at a wide range of vibration frequencies. Govindaraju S.R., Curry B.D., Bain J.L.W., Riley D.A., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.687-692. Illus. 19 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is an occupational disorder caused by years of exposure to hand-transmitted vibration from powered tools. Patients with late-stage HAVS have peripheral neuropathy. To protect workers from developing HAVS, ISO 5349 (2001) sets vibration exposure limits based on vibration frequency weighting which progressively reduces injury potential at 16Hz and higher. Rat tails were used to characterize the early changes in tail-nerves exposed to vibration frequencies of 30, 120 and 800Hz continuously for 4h at 49m/s2 rms. All three frequencies caused similar nerve oedema, dilation of arterioles and percentages of disrupted axons. These findings demonstrate that early vibration injury of nerves occurs at both low and high frequencies. (108904)

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CIS 08-1419 Case studies in whole-body vibration assessment in the transportation industry - Challenges in the field. Salmoni A.W., Cann A.P., Gillin E.K., Eger T.R., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.783-791. 27 ref. (In English)

Internet:

There are many industries for which exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV) is hazardous to employee health. As a result, many companies have become interested in measuring vibration levels associated with the operation of equipment. However, field measurements of WBV can be challenging. This article presents three case studies in transportation to highlight difficulties experienced when assessing whole-body vibration (WBV) exposure within industrial settings. Across the three cases and various vehicles, the z-axis was always dominant with acceleration values collected at the seat-operator interface ranging from 0.10-1.08 m/s2. Some of the main challenges discussed include the use and interpretation of safety standards, time and event sampling, effective access to equipment and operators and lack of control when testing. (108907)

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CIS 08-1420 Whole-body vibration alters proprioception in the trunk. Li L., Lamis F., Wilson S.E., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.792-800. Illus. 40 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The effect of whole-body vibration on proprioception and dynamic stability was examined in subjects exposed to 20min of vertical, seated vibration relative to controls exposed to the same seated posture without vibration exposure. Subjects were found to have a 1.58-fold increase in position-sense errors after vibration. To understand the potential effect of a sensory loss on dynamic low back stability, a parametric model of the trunk and neuromotor response was developed and tested in a second experiment where subjects exhibited both an 11.9% increase in trunk flexion and an 11.2% increase in time to peak paraspinal muscle response. These findings suggest that after vibration exposure, manual handling could lead to injury. Reducing vibration exposure or a break between exposure and manual materials handling could be used to reduce this risk. (108908)

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CIS 08-1421 A trail [sic] of individual education for hearing protection with an instrument that measures the noise attenuation effect of wearing earplugs. Tsukada T., Sakakibara H., Industrial Health, July 2008, Vol.46, No.4, p.393-396. 11 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_46_4_393.pdf

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of individual training of workers, using an instrument to quantitatively evaluate the noise attenuation gained with the use of earplugs, on the use of hearing protection devices. The subjects were 68 male workers exposed to noise of above 80dB(A) at an electronic parts manufacturer in Japan. They received group instruction on the prevention of noise-induced hearing loss, and individual education on the proper use of earplugs. Two months after the training, the prevalence of the regular use of hearing protectors among workers in loud working environments increased from 46% to 66%. The results suggest that individual training is an effective means to increase both the usage rate and the proper use of hearing protection devices. (108912)

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CIS 08-1422 Heat strain at the critical WBGT and the effects of gender, clothing and metabolic rate. Ashley C.D., Luecke C.L., Schwartz S.S., Islam M.Z., Bernard T.E., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, July 2008, Vol.38, No.7-8, p.640-644. Illus. 25 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Twenty nine participants (20 men and 9 women) walked on a treadmill at a moderate metabolic rate, wearing five different clothing ensembles. Furthermore, a subset of 15 participants (11 men and 4 women) completed trials for all ensembles at low and high metabolic rates, using a progressive heat stress protocol. The critical WBGT (WBGTcrit) was defined as being the WBGT index 5min prior to a loss of thermal equilibrium and represents the upper limit of thermoregulatory control. As expected, there was an ensemble effect and metabolic rate effect for WBGTcrit. The metabolic rate also had significant effects on heat strain. After adjustment, there was no gender effect for WBGTcrit or skin temperature. There were, however, significant gender effects for heart rate, core temperature and physiological strain index. Other findings are discussed. (108772)

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CIS 08-1423 Weather conditions - How to protect yourself against heat waves. (French: Conditions météorologiques - Comment se protéger des grandes chaleurs) Sagot F., Prévention BTP, July-Aug. 2008, No.109, p.32-33. Illus. (In French)

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Heat stroke risks can be present on construction sites whenever the temperature exceeds 30°C. Site managers are responsible for evaluating the situation, checking weather forecasts and implementing protective measures against heat strokes by acting at various levels, including the portable facilities unit, work organization, and personal and collective protective equipment. (108822)

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CIS 08-1424 Solar radiation risks: A danger that is much underestimated in the construction sector. (French: Risque solaire: un danger largement sous-estimé dans le BTP) Barruyer C., Prévention BTP, July-Aug. 2008, No.109, p.48-50. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Skin cancers are increasingly frequent. Certain types of outdoor construction work such as roofing, carpentry and civil engineering are particularly at risk. This article describes the three types of skin cancer, discusses the basic precautions to be taken (wearing a T-shirt, a helmet and sunglasses) and comments a study carried out on solar radiation risks in the construction sector. (108823)

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CIS 08-1425 Measurement, evaluation, and assessment of peripheral neurological disorders caused by hand-transmitted vibration. Griffin M.J., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2008, Vol.81, No.5, p.559-573. Illus. 17 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This article attempts to define significant peripheral neurological symptoms caused by hand-transmitted vibration and how these symptoms and related signs may be measured. Scales for evaluating the extent of the symptoms and their probability of being related to vibration exposure are defined. A method of relating the symptoms to both the signs of disorder and the pattern of vibration exposure is illustrated. It was found that assessments of severity vary according to the reasons for assessing the health effects of vibration and depend on local practice and convenience, but a method allowing the combining of evaluations of symptoms and signs is demonstrated. (108913)

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CIS 08-1426 Musculoskeletal symptoms among young male workers and associations with exposure to hand-arm vibration and ergonomic stressors. Wahlström J., Burström L., Hagberg M., Lundström R., Nilsson T., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Apr. 2008, Vol.81, No.5, p.595-602. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between the incidence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the neck and upper limbs and exposure to hand-arm vibration and ergonomic stressors. Data were collected by means of self-administered questionnaires at baseline and at a follow-up period six to twelve months later. The study population consisted of 586 male students who had graduated from vocational high schools in 2001-2003 in Sweden. It was found that subjects reporting a daily vibration exposure of more than one hour at baseline had an increased risk of neck pain in the preceding seven days at follow-up (prevalence ratio 3.29). Subjects with 8h weighted vibration exposure above 1.7m/s2 had an increased risk of developing neck pain compared to those with an exposure level below 0.5m/s2. The increased risks remained when adjusting for postural and mental stress. Other findings are discussed. (108914)

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CIS 08-1427 Resolution and severity in decompression illness. Vann R.D., Denoble P.J., Howle L.E., Weber P.W., Freiberger J.J., Pieper C.F., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, May 2009, Vol.80, No.5, p.466-471. 34 ref. (In English)

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Study of the terminology of decompression illness (DCI). It is argued that an analysis of clinical outcome, using an approach known as "survival analysis" would be a better basis for classifying cases of DCI than more traditional means of classification, dependent in part on clinical judgment concerning severity and therapy. (108961)

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CIS 08-1428 Jarring/jolting exposure and musculoskeletal symptoms among farm equipment operators. Mayton A.G., Kittusamy N.K., Ambrose D.H., Jobes C.C., Legault M.L., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.758-766. Illus. 38 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Vehicle vibration exposure has been linked to chronic back pain and low-back symptoms among agricultural tractor drivers. The objectives of this study were to assess driver whole-body vibration (WBV) exposures and recommend interventions to reduce the risk of back-related injuries, particularly relative to vehicle jarring/jolting. Field data and health and work history were collected from equipment operators carrying out various tasks with different models of tractors. Ninety-six percent of participants reported having to bend or twist their necks, 24% reported neck symptoms and 64% reported back symptoms. Recommendations included: specifying a seat that better isolates operators from jars/jolts; maintaining the seat suspension; replacing worn or damaged cushions; using larger diameter tires; using a swivel seat to reduce the stress on the neck; improving efforts to educate operators of the adverse effects of WBV exposures. (108905)

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CIS 08-1429 Incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure among male workers at an engineering plant: A cohort study. Hagberg M., Burström L., Lundström R., Nilsson T., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, June 2008, Vol.3, No.13, p.1-6. Illus. 16 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure in a cohort consisting of male office and manual workers. The baseline population consisted of 94 office and 147 manual workers at an engineering plant. RP was assessed at baseline and at follow up (at 5, 10 and 15 years). The retrospective and prospective incidence rates of RP were 16 and 14 respectively per 1000 exposure years among exposed workers, and 2.4 and 5.0 respectively per 1000 years among unexposed workers. Other findings are discussed. It is concluded that the EU directive on an action value for hand-arm vibration of 2.5m/s2 is not too low; rather, they suggest that employers should take on actions even at exposure values of 1m/s2. (108790)

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CIS 08-1430 Intraspinal forces and health risk caused by whole-body vibration - Predictions for European drivers and different field conditions. Seidel H., Hinz B., Hofmann J., Menzel G., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.856-867. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The extent of intraspinal forces under whole-body vibration (WBV) depends on several factors including multiple excitations of different body parts, stature and posture. The effects of these forces are determined by individual tolerances. Current evaluation methods with respect to health cover only part of the WBV input to the human body and do not consider all associated factors. In this study, a set of 50 finite element models was developed, based on human anatomy and adapted to different typical postures of European drivers and their anthropometric parameters. This model allowed the predicting of static and vibration-related dynamic compressive forces. It can be applied during the design process or in epidemiologic studies to predict WBV effects on drivers with different anthropometric characteristics and postures. (108910)

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CIS 08-1431 A new electromagnetic exposure metric: High frequency voltage transients associated with increased cancer incidence in teachers in a California school. Milham S., Morgan L.L., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2008, Vol.51 No.8, p.579-586. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:

In 2003, the teachers of a school in California complained of an abnormally high incidence rate of cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the cancer incidence among these teachers, and its cause. A retrospective study of cancer incidence in the teachers' cohort was investigated in relationship to the school's electrical environment. Sixteen school teachers among the 137 teachers working at the school from 1988 to 2005 were diagnosed with 18 cancers. The observed to expected (O/E) ratio for all cancers was 2.78, while the O/E ratio was 9.8 for malignant melanoma, 13.3 for thyroid cancer end 9.2 for uterine cancer. A positive relationship was found between cancer risk and cumulative exposure to high frequency voltage transients on the classroom's electrical wiring. It is concluded that high frequency voltage transients may be a universal carcinogen, similar to ionizing radiation. (108781)

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CIS 08-1432 The size of lumbar vertebral endplate areas - Prediction by anthropometric characteristics and significance for fatigue failure due to whole-body vibration. Seidel H., Pöpplau B.M., Morlock M.M., Püschel K., Huber G., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.844-855. Illus. 38 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The sizes of vertebral endplates co-determine the ultimate strength of spinal units. The health risk associated with fatigue failure after repetitive dynamic loads caused by whole-body vibration (WBV) could depend on the size of endplate area, too. The objective of this study was to develop a simple low-cost method for predicting the size of vertebral endplates using CT-scans of lumbar spinal units. CT scans of 53 male donors were used to determine the size of the cross-sectional areas of endplates L3-L5, which were later measured during autopsy. The correlations were not sufficient to permit a prediction of the endplate area by anthropometric parameters. This contradicts earlier findings that describe close correlations between the size of intervertebral discs, the size of the endplates and the external diameters of large joints. (108909)

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CIS 08-1433 Correlation between vibration emission and vibration during real use: Fastener driving tools. Heaton R., Hewitt S., Yeomans L., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 40p. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr591.pdf

This report describes the programme of experimental work carried out on exposure to vibration among users of nail guns, staplers and other fastener driving tools. The objectives were to assess the ISO 8662 emission tests for usability and repeatability, to investigate some of the factors that influence the vibration magnitude measured under standard test conditions, to compare vibration emission values with vibration magnitudes measured under real operating conditions and to investigate alternative parameters for assessing the vibration from single shock tools. In order to achieve these aims, the vibration emission of each tool was measured according to the provisions in ISO 8662-11. Additional laboratory tests were carried out to investigate the effect of fastener size, work piece and mode of operation on the measured vibration magnitudes. Findings are discussed. (108881)

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CIS 08-1434 Correlation between vibration emission and vibration during real use: Nibblers and shears. Shanks E., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 38p. Illus. 16 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr576.pdf

The aims of this study were to assess the BS EN ISO 8662-10 (pneumatic tools) and the BS EN 60745-2-8 (electric tools) vibration emission tests for usability and reliability by comparing vibration magnitudes measured under real operating conditions with manufacturers' declared vibration emission values, and to assess whether vibration emission values are a reliable indicator of vibration hazards for various power-driven hand tools used in metalworking industries. Findings are discussed. (108768)

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CIS 08-1435 Correlation between vibration emission and vibration during real use: Polishers and sanders. Hewitt S., Heaton R., Shanks E., Mole M., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. v, 40p. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr590.pdf

This report describes the programme of experimental work carried out on exposure to vibration among polishers and sanders in the woodworking, plastics and metalworking industries. The objectives were to assess the BS EN ISO 8662 (non-electric tools) and the BS EN 60745 (electric tools) emission tests for usability and repeatability, to compare test results with manufacturers' declared vibration emission values, to compare declared vibration emission values with vibration magnitudes measured under real operating conditions and to assess vibration emission data as an indicator of vibration hazard. Findings are discussed. (108880)

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CIS 08-1436 Evaluation of Doppler monitoring for the control of hyperbaric exposure in tunnelling. Jones A.D., Miller B.G., Colvin A.P., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. xviii, 120p. Illus. 104 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr598.pdf

After exposures to hyperbaric pressures, the return to atmospheric pressure is generally achieved by gradual decompression following set tables, sometimes in conjunction with breathing oxygen. There is a need to be able to monitor and improve the effectiveness of decompression procedures under routine operational conditions in compressed air tunnelling. The objective of this literature survey was to evaluate Doppler monitoring of gas bubbles in venous blood as a potential monitoring technique. It is concluded that the use of Doppler flowmetry is likely to be limited for routine hyperbaric work, but proposals are made on what would be needed to make such monitoring suitable in the future. (108888)

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CIS 08-1437 Assessment of electromagnetic fields around magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment. Chadwick P., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 98p. Illus. 21 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr570.pdf

This report describes the results of an investigation of operator exposure to magnetic fields from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems. The project involved both computational modelling and the measurement of personal exposure using magnetic field dosimeters. Findings are discussed. This project has shown that personal dosimeters are capable of detecting, in real-time, situations which might lead to exposure guidelines being exceeded. (108765)

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CIS 08-1438 Safe work in confined spaces: Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 - Approved Code of Practice, regulations and guidance. HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2009. vi, 42p. 22 ref. Price: GBP 11.95., ISBN 978-0-7176-6233-3 (In English)

Internet:

This publication contains an Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) and guidance on the duties in the Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 (CIS 97-1084) which are applicable across all industry sectors with the exception of diving operations and below ground in a mine (there is specific legislation dealing with confined spaces in these cases.) It also gives guidance on the duties in other regulations where they apply to work in confined spaces. This second edition has been updated to reflect the latest legislation. Since this Approved Code of Practice and guidance was written, regulation 1(2) and regulation 2(c) have been amended by the Diving at Work Regulations 1997 (SI 1997/2776, see CIS 97-1785). Out-of-date regulations listed in Appendix 1 have been replaced with current legislation. References throughout have been updated to include the most recent publications available, and obsolete information removed. The Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) and substance of the guidance remains unchanged but the guidance given in paragraph 91 has been clarified. Contents: preface; notice of approval; meaning of 'confined space'; application of the regulations; risk assessment; preventing the need for entry; safe working in confined spaces; Emergency procedures; plant and equipment; training; appendices; further information. (108771)

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CIS 08-1439 Hearing loss due to injury-causing noise. (French: Surdité provoquée par les bruits lésionnels) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2005. Internet document (HTML format). 1 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_etu
   …de_tab42_1.php

This document comments a study that presents the chronology of changes made to the tables on occupational noise-related hearing loss in France, together with changes in regulations having had an incidence on spending trends, particularly since 1991. The study also highlights the characteristics of the disease which can influence the degree of compensation. (108946)

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CIS 08-1440 Reducing health risks from the use of ultraviolet (UV) tanning equipment. HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2009. 6p. 6 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg209.pdf

This leaflet provides advice for operators of ultraviolet (UV) tanning facilities on minimizing the health risks of exposure to UV radiation. Health hazards include sunburn, skin irritation, conjunctivitis, premature ageing of the skin, skin cancer and cataracts. Legal responsibilities of operators are also summarized. Previous edition: CIS 02-1906. (108967)

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CIS 08-1441 Medicine and ionizing radiation: Information note for helping analyse risks in radium therapy. (French: Médecine et rayonnements ionisants: fiche d'aide à l'analyse des risques en curiethérapie) Gauron C., Documents pour le médecin du travail, June 2008, No.114, p.189-199. Illus. 12 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReferenc
   …e/TC%20119/$File/TC119.pdf

This information note on radiation protection is more specifically aimed at radiation protection specialists and occupational physicians. It describes the various procedures, specific dangers, analysis and evaluation of the hazards as well as prevention methods. The procedures described concern low-level radium therapy applications (continuous radiation or intermittent radiation on demand, using a source projector), with the exception of pulsed systems (sequential radiation). (108857)

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CIS 08-1442 Sound advice - Control of noise at work in music and entertainment. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2008.vi, 106p. Illus. 29 ref. Price: GBP 14.50., ISBN 978-0-7176-6307-1 (In English)

Internet:

These practical guidelines apply to the control of noise at work in music and entertainment, including concert halls and theatres, amplified live music venues, pubs/clubs and recording studios. It has been drafted and supported by representatives from a wide range of music and entertainment sectors in the United Kingdom, as well as Environmental Health Officers and the HSE. Its aim is to help employers, employees and freelancers control or reduce exposure to noise at work without stopping people from enjoying music. A first part explains the requirements of The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 (CIS 06-1259), with specific advice provided in a second part. (108808)

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[ Top of page ]

009 Mechanical hazards, transport

CIS 08-1443 Fall on the level accidents - National statistical data and analyses conducted within enterprises. (French: Accidents de plain-pied - Données statistiques nationales et analyses menées en entreprises) Gaudez C., Leclercq S., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 2008, No.113, p.65-79. Illus. 18 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.dmt-prevention.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReferenc
   …e/TF%20167/$File/TF167.pdf

Few enterprises have implemented preventive measures against falls on the level. These accidents are often considered as being benign, not specific to work factors and generally involve a single victim. Analysis of French occupational health insurance (CNAMTS) statistics shows however that these accidents nonetheless represent one fifth of all occupational accidents and nearly one fourth of all accident absenteeism. Their impact varies according to occupational classification. A more detailed analysis by means of observations in four enterprises allows some additional thinking and a fresh look at these accidents, suggesting further prevention measures appropriate to each situation. (108954)

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CIS 08-1444 Construction site cranes - Optimizing preparation before commissioning. (French: Grue de chantier - Optimiser la préparation avant la mise en service) Sagot F., Prévention BTP, Apr. 2008, No.106, p.34-35. Illus. (In French)

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This article addresses regulatory checks that need to be made prior to signing-off the operation of cranes on construction sites. They include in particular checks during erection and verifications that the equipment is suited to its expected use. In cases where the crane encroaches on public land, the enterprise must obtain local authority permission. In all cases, it is essential to consult the manufacturer's documentation and to comply with its requirements. Topics: overhead power cables; taking the effect of wind into account; electronic safety systems; cabins; training and information of crane operators by construction site managers. (108832)

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CIS 08-1445 Falls from heights: Flexible body recovery devices, value-added protection devices. (French: Chutes de hauteur: Le recueil souple, dispositif de protection à valeur ajoutée) Devaux P., Prévention BTP, Sep. 2007, No.99, p.36-37. Illus. (In French)

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Falls from heights are one of the main causes of fatal accidents in the construction sector. Prevention involves installing collective protection (railings), together with fall arresting systems and flexible body recovery devices, generally consisting of safety nets. This article on safety nets covers French regulations, standards, labelling, selection and testing. (108856)

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CIS 08-1446 Construction equipment and motor vehicle related injuries on construction sites in Turkey. Gürchanli G.E., Müngen U., Akad M., Industrial Health, July 2008, Vol.46, No.4, p.375-388. 41 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_46_4_375.pdf

The objective of this study was to analyse the causes of construction equipment and motor vehicle related injuries on construction sites in Turkey. A total of 168 fatal and 38 non-fatal traffic accident-caused incidents as well as 206 fatal and 97 non-fatal construction equipment accidents were selected from official statistics. Analysis and classification of these accidents were done according to the way they occurred, the type of construction site and the occupation of the victims. Findings are discussed. Several measures for reducing the risks are proposed, together with approaches for analysing relevant data in further research. (108911)

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CIS 08-1447 Prevention of traumatic nail gun injuries in apprentice carpenters: Use of population-based measures to monitor intervention effectiveness. Lipscomb H.J., Nolan J., Patterson D., Dement J.M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.719-727. Illus. 28 ref. (In English)

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Nail guns are responsible for many injuries in residential construction in the United States. Risk is particularly high among apprentice carpenters. In this study, nail gun injuries were evaluated over three years among carpenters enrolled in two apprenticeship programmes. Rate ratios were calculated with Poisson regression models, for each year and for risk factors of injury including lack of training in tool use and type of trigger mechanism on tools being used. As apprentices received training and safer trigger mechanisms became more widespread, injury rates decreased significantly. While school training and hands-on mentoring were both important, injury rates were lowest among apprentices who received both. (108991)

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CIS 08-1448 In-plant transport. (French: La circulation en entreprise) Sagot F., Prévention BTP, Sep. 2007, No.99, p.34-35. Illus. (In French)

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The aim of in-plant transport design and management is to organize movements and crossings of human, equipment and material flows so as to limit the risk of collisions. These issues must be taken into account already during the design of the premises. (108855)

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CIS 08-1449 Circumstances of fatal lockout/tagout-related injuries in manufacturing. Bulzacchelli M.T., Vernick J.S., Sorock G.S., Webster D.W., Lees P.S.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.728-734. 21 ref. (In English)

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Over the past few decades, hundreds of manufacturing workers have suffered fatal injuries while performing maintenance and servicing on machinery and equipment. Using lockout/tagout procedures could have prevented many of these deaths. An analysis of OSHA accident investigation report summaries was conducted to describe the circumstances of lockout/tagout-related fatalities occurring in the United States manufacturing industry from 1984 to 1997. The most common mechanisms of fatal injury were being caught in or between parts of equipment, electrocution, and being struck by or against objects. Typical scenarios included cleaning a mixer or blender, cleaning a conveyor, and installing or disassembling electrical equipment. Lockout procedures were not even attempted in the majority (at least 58.8%) of fatal incidents reviewed. (108992)

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CIS 08-1450 Safety of automated machines - Analysis of risks and means of protection on a plastics injection press. (French: La sécurité des machines automatisées - Analyse des risques et des moyens de protection sur une presse à injection de plastique) Chinniah Y., Champoux M., Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2008. vii, 83p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: CAD 10.50. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge., ISBN 978-2-89631-253-5 (In French)

Internet:

http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/R-557.pdf

This report presents a method for evaluating the safety of automated machines according to the procedure defined in ISO 14121:1999, applied to plastics injection moulding machines. Several interventions on two similar machines used in two plants in the Quebec plastics industry were observed. Although the findings cannot be directly transferred to risk analyses on other injection moulding or other types of automated machines, they nevertheless reveal several typically dangerous phenomena, situations and events associated with industrial machines. The report also discusses various safety principles, functions and components integrated into the electrical, programmable electronic and hydraulic control circuits aimed at reducing the risks of injection moulding machines that are applicable to several types of industrial machines. (108827)

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CIS 08-1451 HSE "Height Aware" campaign evaluation. Oliver S., Brown R., Bassett C., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. 142p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr572.pdf

In 2006, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) ran a nationally co-ordinated publicity, education and inspection campaign about the risks of working at height. The campaign objectives were to increase awareness of targeted workers and employers of the risks even when working at low height, and to influence attitudes and behaviour to working at height. The evaluation of the campaign comprised quantitative surveys among persons working at height and their employers, together with job observations. Findings are reviewed with respect to attitudes to working at height, awareness of the media campaign, views concerning the media campaign, inspections, raising awareness and changing behaviour. (108766)

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CIS 08-1452 Floorcoverings. (French: Les revêtements de sols) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2009. Internet document (HTML format). 2 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_rev
   …etementssols_1.php

In food industry premises, falls and slips on the level account for more than 20% of occupational accidents involving a loss in work time. The French national occupational disease insurance for salaried workers (CNAMTS) therefore decided to publish a booklet entitled "Guide to floorcoverings that fulfil the hygiene, safety and suitability criteria for use in food industry facilities". Each year, the CNAMTS also compiles a list of floorcoverings that fulfil the safety and hygiene requirements of users and consumers of food industry products. This document comments and provides links to these publications. (108948)

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CIS 08-1453 Hazards and risks associated with manual handling of loads in the workplace. (Bulgarian: Opasnosti i riskove, svărzani s răčnoto obrabotvane na tovari na rabotnoto mjasto; Czech: Nebezpečí a rizika spojená s ruční manipulací s břemeny na pracovišti; Danish: Risici ved manuel håndtering af byrder på arbejdspladsen; Dutch: Gevaren en risico's bij het manueel hanteren van lasten op het werk; Estonian: Raskuste käsitsi teisaldamisega seotud ohud ja riskid töökohal; Finnish: Työpaikalla käsin tapahtuvaan taakkojen käsittelyyn liittyvät riskit ja vaarat; French: Dangers et risques associés à la manutention manuelle de charges sur le lieu de travail; German: Gefahren und Risiken bei der manuellen Handhabung von Lasten am Arbeitsplatz; Greek: Kíndunoi kai pēgés kindúnou pou shetízontai me tē heirōnaktikê diakínēsē fortíōn stous hôrous ergasías; Hungarian: A munkahelyen végzett kézi tehermozgatáshoz társuló veszélyek és kockázatok; Italian: Pericoli e rischi associati alla movimentazione manuale di carichi sul posto di lavoro; Latvian: Apdraudējumi un risks, kas saistīts ar smagumu manuālu pārvietošanu darbavietā; Lithuanian: Su krovinių krovimu rankomis susiję rizikos veiksniai darbo vietoje; Maltese: Perikli u riskji marbuta ma' l-irfigħ manwali ta' tagħbijiet fil-post tax-xogħol; Polish: Zagrożenia i ryzyko związane z ręcznym przemieszczaniem ciężarów w miejscu pracy; Portuguese: Perigos e riscos associados à movimentação manual de cargas no local de trabalho; Romanian: Pericolele şi riscurile asociate cu manipularea manuală a maselor la locul de muncă; Slovak: Nebezpečenstvá a riziká spojené s ručnou manipuláciou s bremenami na pracovisku; Slovenian: Nevarnosti in tveganja, povezana z ročnim premeščanjem bremen na delovnem mestu; Spanish: Riesgos asociados a la manipulación manual de cargas en el lugar de trabajo; Swedish: Faror och risker i samband med manuell hantering av laster på arbetsplatsen) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2007. 2p. Illus. 3 ref. (In Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish)

Internet:






















http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/73/view

Manual handling of loads is any of the following activities carried out by one or more workers: lifting, holding, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving of a load. The load can be animate (a person or animal) or inanimate (an object). Though decreasing lately, the proportion of workers in the European Union that report carrying or moving heavy loads is still high at 34.5%. Contents of this information note on the hazards associated with manual handling of loads in the workplace: definition; health hazards; risk factors related to loads, tasks, the environment and the individual; hazard evaluation; prevention measures; correct handling techniques; European legislation. The information note is also available in several other European languages. (108972)

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CIS 08-1454 OSHA Fact Sheet - Amputations. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2002. 2p. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/amputation-factsheet.pdf

Contents of this information sheet on amputations: sources of amputations at the workplace; hazardous machines; hazardous mechanical motion; OSHA standards; protection against amputations (guards, stop devices); qualifications and restrictions. (108983)

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CIS 08-1455 The safe use of vehicles on construction sites: A guide for clients, designers, contractors, managers and workers involved with construction transport. HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2009. 30p. Illus. 26 ref. Price: GBP 9.95., ISBN 978-0-7176-6291-3 (In English)

Internet:

Guidance to the avoidance of traffic-related accidents on contruction sites. Contents: relevant legislation in the UK; safe workplaces (planning, separation of pedestrians and vehicles, loading and storage areas, public protection); safe vehicles; safe driving and work practices; managing construction transport. In appendices: construction vehicle accident statistics; safety legislation relating to vehicle construction; risk assessment and safety management. Previous edition: CIS 99-1000. (108965)

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CIS 08-1456 Occupational road risks. (French: Le risque routier professionnel) Caisse Nationale de l'Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAMTS), 26-50 av. du professeur André Lemierre, 75986 Paris cedex 20, France, 2008. Internet document (HTML format). 6 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.risquesprofessionnels.ameli.fr/fr/AccueilDossiers/AccueilDossiers_ris
   …queroutier_1.php

Road accidents in the course of one's work cause over 500 fatalities per year in France and are the first cause of fatal occupational accident. Contents of this Internet document on the prevention of occupational road risks: role of the Steering Committee for the prevention of occupational road risks; report "Safer commercial vehicles"; code of good practices for the prevention of road risks; joint initiatives between industry and professional bodies; prevention possibilities as part of enterprise operations; financial support available for helping implement a project on the prevention of occupational road risks. (108943)

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CIS 08-1457 Bloodborne facts - Protect yourself when handling sharps. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, [2006]. 1p. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_BloodborneFacts/bbfact02.pdf

A needlestick or a cut from a contaminated scalpel can lead to infection from hepatitis B virus or human immunodeficiency virus which causes AIDS. Although few cases of AIDS have been documented from occupational exposure, approximately 8700 health care workers each year contract hepatitis B. About 200 will die as a result. Aimed at health care personnel, this information sheet explains how to avoid the risk of cut and stick injuries (disposing of sharps in puncture-resistant containers, handling of sharps containers). (108990)

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CIS 08-1458 OSHA Fact Sheet - Using aerial lifts. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2005. 1p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_Hurricane_Facts/aerial_lifts.pdf

The major causes of injuries and fatalities involving aerial lifts are falls, electrocutions, collapses and overturning. Aerial devices include boom-supported aerial platforms, such as cherry pickers or bucket trucks, aerial ladders and vertical towers. This information sheet summarises the measures to be implemented when working with aerial lifts, which include worker information and training, following manufacturers' instructions, taking precautions near power lines and adopting protective measures against the risks of crushing and falls. (108981)

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[ Top of page ]

010 Biological hazards

CIS 08-1459 Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and other blood-borne pathogens in healthcare workers: Guidelines for prevention and management in industrialized countries. FitzSimons D., François G., De Carli G., Shouval D., Prüss-Üstün A., Puro V., Williams I., Lavanchy D., De Schryver A,, Kopka A., Ncube F., Ippolito G., Van Damme P., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2008, Vol.65, No.7, p.446-451. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board (VHPB) convened a meeting of international experts from the public and private sectors in order to review and evaluate the epidemiology of blood-borne infections in healthcare workers, to evaluate the transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses as an occupational risk, to discuss primary and secondary prevention measures and to review recommendations for infected healthcare workers. This meeting outlined a number of recommendations for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis, including the training of personnel, application of standard precautions and hepatitis B vaccination. Other topics addressed included ethical and legal issues, the assessment of risk and costs, and the role of the VHPB. Participants also identified a number of terms that need harmonisation or standardisation in order to facilitate communication between experts. (108928)

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CIS 08-1460 Infectious diseases. Koh D., Ong B.L., Li A., Kasai T., Amin F., Lugah V, Wilburn S., Eijkemans G., Mukhopadhyay P., Nguyen T.H.T., Nguyen V.B., Tran T.D., Vu N.L., Bennoor K.S., Hassan M.R., Rahman M.F., Mahmud A.M., Hossain M.A., Haque M.E., Kabir M.H., Kalamuddin A.F.M., Ali T., Huq A.K.M.S., Shin B.M., Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, May 2007, Vol.14, No.1, p.2-23 (whole issue). Illus. 63 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/CC3D2788-535F-4445-8A74-CE56311AE501/0/AsianPacif
   …icNewsletter12007.pdf

Collection of articles on infectious diseases of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: WHO strategy for emerging diseases in East Asia; HIV/AIDS prevention in Malaysia; protecting health workers from occupational exposure to HIV, hepatitis and other bloodborne pathogens; problem of occupational heat stress in India; evaluating the experience of Vietnam in controlling human influenza A (H5N1); incidence of tuberculosis among garment workers in Bangladesh; occupational exposure to hepatitis B among Korean health care workers. (108935)

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CIS 08-1461 Contamination of aqueous metalworking fluids and prevention of biological hazards. (French: Contamination des fluides de coupe aqueux et prévention des risques biologiques) David C., Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, June 2008, No.211, p.31-43. Illus. 45 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ND%202290
   …/$File/ND2290.pdf

Cutting fluids are used in metalworking processes. Various diseases, often associated with cutting fluid constituents, have been observed among exposed users. Cutting fluids are colonized by microorganisms, potentially giving rise to a biological hazard for operators. This article describes in detail the mechanisms of microorganism proliferation, lists the main biological agents identified in the fluids and reports their possible implication in pathologies observed in operators. Finally, maintenance and prevention measures are recommended for controlling biological proliferation in metalworking fluids. (108951)

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CIS 08-1462 Biological hazards: Real nature of the problem in the construction sector. (French: Risque biologique: quelle réalité dans le BTP?) Jolly H., Prévention BTP, June 2008, No.108, p.48-50. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Through many of the diverse activities of the construction sector, workers may be faced with biological hazards. This article reviews the biological agents that can be encountered in the sector (hepatitis A, influenza and poliomyelitis viruses, legionella, leptospira and tetanus bacilli, Candida alibicans and Entamoeba hystolica), diseases they cause, modes of contamination and preventive measures (disinfection of premises, ventilation, personal protective equipment, vaccination). (108837)

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CIS 08-1463 Occupational allergy due to seafood delivery: Case report. Seitz C.S., Bröcker E.B., Trautmann A., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, May 2008, Vol.3, No.11, 3p. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Sensitization to fish or crustaceans requires intensive skin contact and/or airway exposure. This article presents the case of a truck driver delivering seafood for 10 years, and who neglected preventive measures such as wearing gloves and protective clothing. Despite his sensitization to fish and crustaceans, he tried to remain in his job but with ongoing allergen exposure: his symptoms progressed from initial contact urticaria to generalized urticaria, anaphylaxis and finally asthma. Among predisposed atopic individuals, even minor exposure to seafood allergens may lead to occupational allergy. With ongoing allergen exposure, progression to potentially life-threatening symptoms may occur. (108791)

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CIS 08-1464 Occupational exposure to fungi in a coffee processing plant. (Spanish: Exposición laboral a hongos en una planta de procesamiento de café) Alonso Espadalé R.M., Solans Lampurlanés X., Constans Aubert A., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, June 2008, Vol.LIV, No.211, p.31-37. 30 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?pid=S0465-546X2008000200005&script=sci_arttext
http://www.isciii.es/htdocs/centros/medicinadeltrabajo/revistamedicinatrabajo/Me
   …dicina_211.pdf

Green coffee often reaches processing plants contaminated by fungi, which can cause allergic reactions and respiratory diseases among workers. The objective of this study was to determine the fungus concentrations to which workers are exposed during the various operations in coffee processing plants. Air samples were collected from the workplace environment and analysed. Very high airborne fungal concentrations of over 1200CFU/m3 were found in coffee bean unloading operations. Furthermore, potential exposure to mycotoxins produced by these fungi cannot be excluded. (108841)

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CIS 08-1465 Non-hospital based registered nurses and the risk of bloodborne pathogen exposure. Gershon R.R.M., Qureshi K.A., Pogorzelska M., Rosen J., Gebbie K.M., Brandt-Rauf P.W., Sherman M.F., Industrial Health, Oct. 2007, Vol.45, No.5, p.695-704. 37 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_45_5_695.pdf

The aim of this study was to assess the risk of exposure to blood and other body fluids among non-hospital based nurses employed in New York State. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a random stratified sample of nurses. Results were reviewed to identify opportunities for improvement. Nine percent of respondents reported at least one needlestick injury in the 12-month period prior to the study. The percutaneous injury rate was 13.8 per 100 person years. Under-reporting was common; 49% of all percutaneous injuries were never formally reported and 70% never received any post-exposure care. Findings are comparable to data concerning hospital-based nurses. Underreporting is an important obstacle to infection prevention. Risk management strategies appeared to be poorly implemented. Other findings are discussed. (108815)

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CIS 08-1466 Accidents involving biological material in a hospital of the network on occupational accident prevention - REPAT. (Portuguese: Acidentes com material biológico em hospital da Rede de Prevenção de Acidentes do Trabalho - REPAT) Marziale M.H.P., da Silva E.J., Haas V.J., Robazzi M.L.C.C., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2007, Vol.32, No.115, p.109-119. Illus. 22 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20115%20Acidente%20com%20mat
   …erial%20biologico.pdf

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyse occupational accidents involving exposure to biological materials that have occurred at a Brazilian university hospital, as well as preventive actions. Data were obtained from the Brazilian occupational accident prevention network (REPAT) for the years 2003 and 2004, and subjected to statistical analyses. Among the approximately 2000 workers employed at that time, 107 accidents were recorded. Most occurred in the morning, among women, and involved a perforating hand injury caused by needles and catheters. Preventive actions including training, visits to work places and individual orientation, need to be revised and expanded. (108865)

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CIS 08-1467 Report IV (1) - HIV/AIDS and the world of work. (French: Rapport IV (1) - Le VIH/SIDA et le monde du travail; Spanish: Informe IV(1) - El VIH/SIDA y el mundo del trabajo) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2008. CD-ROM containing documents in PDF format. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingd
   …ocument/wcms_090177.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingd
   …ocument/wcms_090193.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingd
   …ocument/wcms_090178.pdf

The International Labour Office (ILO) is launching a process to adopt a new international labour standard aimed at bolstering the role of the workplace in the global response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This report lays the groundwork for discussions on this issue at the 2009 and 2010 International Labour Conferences. It is the first of its kind to provide a comprehensive overview of action taken by national governments and international organizations on HIV/AIDS, with specific reference to the world of work, and reveals that many countries have taken significant steps to address the issue of HIV/AIDS in the work of work. This CD-ROM contains the full text of the report together with the questionnaire addressed to Member States, in Arabic, Chinese, German, English, French, Spanish and Russian. (108819)

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CIS 08-1468 Expert forecast on emerging biological risks related to occupational safety and health. (Bulgarian: Ekspertna prognoza za văznikvaštite biologični riskove, svărzani s bezopasnostta i zdraveto pri rabota (BZP); Czech: Odborná prognóza vznikajících biologických rizik souvisejících s bezpečností a ochranou zdraví při práci (BOZP); Danish: Ekspertvarsling om biologiske risici i fremvækst i tilknytning til arbejdsmiljø; Dutch: Prognose van deskundigen over in opkomst zijnde biologische risico's in het kader van veiligheid en gezondheid op het werk; Estonian: Ekspertprognoos tekkivate tööohutuse ja töötervishoiu bioloogiliste riskide kohta; Finnish: Asiantuntijat ennakoivat työterveyteen ja työturvallisuuteen liittyviä uusia biologisia riskejä; French: Prévisions des experts sur les risques biologiques émergents liés à la sécurité et à la santé au travail; German: Expertenbefragung zu neu auftretenden biologischen Risiken für Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz bei der Arbeit (OSH); Greek: Ékthesē próblepsēs empeirognōmónōn shetiká me tous anaduómenous biologikoús kindúnous pou shetízontai me tēn epaggelmatikê asfáleia kai ugeía (EAU); Hungarian: Szakértői előrejelzés a munkahelyi biztonság és egészségvédelem vonatkozásában kialakuló biológiai kockázatokról; Italian: Le previsioni degli esperti sui rischi biologici emergenti per la salute e la sicurezza sul lavoro; Latvian: Ekspertu prognozes par potenciāliem bioloģiskiem riska faktoriem saistībā ar darba drošību un veselības aizsardzību (DDVA); Lithuanian: Ekspertų prognozė dėl naujos biologinės rizikos, kylančios darbuotojų saugai ir sveikatai (DSS); Maltese: Tbassir espert dwar riskji bijoloġiċi emerġenti relatati massaħħa u s-sigurta fuq il-post tax-xogħol (OHS); Polish: Prognoza ekspercka dotycząca nowo powstających biologicznych czynników ryzyka zawodowego (BHP); Portuguese: Previsões de peritos sobre os riscos biológicos emergentes relacionados com a segurança e a saúde no trabalho (SST); Romanian: Previziunea experţilor privind riscurile biologice emergente legate de securitatea şi sănătatea în muncă (SSM); Slovak: Prognóza expertov o vznikajúcich biologických rizikách súvisiacich s bezpečnost'ou a ochranou zdravia na pracovisku (BOZP); Slovenian: Predvidevanje strokovnjakov o nastajajočih bioloških tveganjih, ki so povezana z varnostjo in zdravjem pri delu; Spanish: Previsiones de los expertos sobre riesgos biológicos emergentes relacionados con la salud y la seguridad en el trabajo (SST); Swedish: Expertprognos om nya mikrobiologiska arbetsmiljörisker) European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, http://osha.eu.int, 2007. 2p. Illus. 5 ref. (In Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish)

Internet:






















http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/factsheets/68/view

About 320,000 workers worldwide die every year of communicable diseases, some 5,000 in the European Union. In the last decade, media coverage has raised public awareness of biological hazards, such as anthrax at work due to bioterrorist activities, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the threat of avian flu. But biological agents are ubiquitous and, in many workplaces, workers face considerably harmful biological risks. The Community strategy 2002-06 called on the European Agency for Occupational Safety and Health to set up a risk observatory to anticipate new and emerging occupational safety and health risks. The expert forecast on emerging occupational safety and health biological risks was formulated from the results of three consecutive questionnaire-based surveys using the Delphi method. The full report has been analysed under CIS 08-214. This information note summarizes the contents and the findings of this forecast. It is also available in several other European languages. (108978)

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CIS 08-1469 OSHA Fact Sheet - Bloodborne pathogens. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20210, USA, 2002. 2p. 4 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_BloodborneFacts/bbfact01.pdf

Bloodborne pathogens are infectious materials in blood that can cause disease in humans, including hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Workers exposed to these pathogens risk serious illness or death. This information sheet explains the protection against bloodborne pathogens provided by the OSHA standard specifying the legal obligations of employers to prevent exposure among workers at risk. These obligations include hazard evaluation, exposure evaluation, implementing engineering controls, providing personal protective equipment, information and training of personnel, medical supervision and maintaining records. (108989)

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[ Top of page ]

011 Physiology, ergonomics

CIS 08-1470 Evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders during the unloading of fishing vessels. (Spanish: Evaluación de los trastornos musculoesqueléticos en la tarea de descarga de capturas en los buques de pesca) Ruiz Ruiz L., Ledesma de Miguel J., Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, July 2008, No.48, p.8-17. Illus. 6 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Musculoskeletal disorders are among the most frequent health hazards faced by fishermen carrying out routine tasks on board fishing vessels. Furthermore, it is necessary to understand that fishing is a traditional sector in which it is difficult to impose ergonomic improvements or changes in working methods. Such changes are generally not implemented if they require more time for the same task. This study analyses the movements made by fishermen of two Spanish fishing vessels during unloading tasks using the evaluation method of the INSHT and that of the NIOSH. Findings are discussed and recommendations for improvement are proposed. (108851)

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CIS 08-1471 Core strength: A new model for injury prediction and prevention. Peate W.F., Bates G., Lunda K., Francis S., Bellamy K., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Apr. 2007, Vol.2, No.3, 9p. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Many workers work in injury-prone awkward positions that require adequate flexibility and strength in trunk stabilizer muscle groups. Performance on a functional movement screen (FMS) that assessed those factors was conducted and an intervention was designed. A battery of FMS tests were performed on 433 firefighters. The correlations between FMS performance and injuries were analyzed. Further, an intervention to improve flexibility and strength in trunk stabilizer muscle groups through a training programme was evaluated. The intervention reduced lost time due to injuries by 62% and the number of injuries by 42% over a twelve month period as compared to earlier levels. These findings suggest that strength and functional movement enhancement programs to prevent injuries among workers whose work involves awkward positions is warranted. (108797)

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CIS 08-1472 Seated human response to simple and complex impacts: Paraspinal muscle activity. Xia T., Ankrum J.A., Spratt K.F., Wilder D.G., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep.-Oct. 2008, Vol.38, No.9-10, p.767-774. Illus. 30 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Prolonged exposure to seated impacts has been associated with low back disorders, although the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In this study, 12 healthy right-handed male subjects were exposed to low amplitude seated simple and complex impacts under two suspension conditions (enabled or disabled) and two sitting postures (supported or unsupported). Complex impacts consisted of two simple impacts applied in sequence with 100ms delay. Myoelectric activity of the left and the right erector spinae muscles were recorded during impacts. It was found that the muscle response timing was dictated by the direction of the first impact during complex impacts, while the peak muscle response amplitude varied in accordance with the second impact. The implications of these and other findings are discussed. (108906)

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CIS 08-1473 Manual handling training: Investigation of current practices and development of guidelines. Haslam C., Clemes S., McDermott H., Shaw K., Williams C., Haslam R., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. vi, 159p. Illus. Approx. 130 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr583.pdf

This report presents findings of a systematic literature review, telephone survey and expert panels undertaken to determine what constitutes effective manual handling training. There was evidence that principles learnt during training are not applied in the workplace. Strength and flexibility training appears potentially beneficial, however further research is needed to determine whether it has long term benefits in terms of injury reduction. There was no evidence for the effectiveness of back schools in preventing low back pain. Ergonomics interventions that include risk assessment, observation of workers, tailored training and task/equipment redesign have been shown to be beneficial in the literature. The expert panels reviewed the literature and telephone survey findings, and the discussions were used to generate and refine a set of guiding principles for effective manual handling training. (108874)

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[ Top of page ]

012 Stress, psychosocial factors

CIS 08-1474 The persistence of the notion of the unsafe act and the construction of blame: narratives on work accidents in a metalworking plant. (Portuguese: A persistência da noção de ato inseguro e a construção da culpa: os discursos sobre os acidentes de trabalho em uma indústria metalúrgica) Oliveira F., Revista brasileira de saúde ocupacional, Jan.-June 2007, Vol.32, No.115, p.19-27. 21 ref. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/rbso/BancoAnexos/RBSO%20115%20Persistencia%20da%20
   …noção%20de%20ato%20inseguro.pdf

Various conceptions based on personal or psychological factors have been developed to explain occupational accidents. This study was an attempt to investigate these conceptions in the workers' discursive practices. It was based on observations, informal conversations, document evaluations and interviews with twenty workers in a metalworking shop. A pervasive presence of Heinrich's domino theory was observed in the patterns of understanding occupational accidents. Unsafe acts are mainly explained by naturalization of risks and by institutionalized transmission practices. Other findings are discussed. (108862)

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CIS 08-1475 Alcohol, cannabis, drugs - The construction sector speaks up. (French: Alcool, cannabis, médicaments... Le BTP brise le silence) Durcy M, Garnier A., Prévention BTP, June 2008, No.108, p.38-47. Illus. (In French)

Internet:

Topics addressed in this article on alcohol and psychotropic substance prevention in the construction sector: emerging awareness of the problem within the sector; interview of an occupational physician; screening systems and French regulatory framework; prevention approaches; awareness campaigns. (108836)

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CIS 08-1476 The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance. Hilton M.F., Staddon Z., Sheridan J., Whiteford H.A., Accident Analysis and Prevention, May 2009, Vol.41, No.3, p.453-461. 90 ref. (In English)

Internet:

There is a high level of psychological distress in full-time heavy goods vehicle drivers (HGV) in Australia (incidence rate: 4.5% per month). A questionnaire survey was carried out among Australian HGV drivers using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale and the Health and Performance at Work Questionnaires (completed answers received: 1324). Depression, anxiety and stress had no significant effect on driver absenteeism or self-rated driving performance. However, where there was severe (1.5%) or very severe (1.8%) depression, there was an increased odds ratio (OR=4.5 and 5.0, respectively) for being involved in an accident or near-miss in the past 28 days, a result similar to that obtained when driving with a blood alcohol content of about 0.08%. It is suggested that an action plan focusing on drivers' mental health status be developed in order to reduce accidents and driver fatalities. (108966)

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CIS 08-1477 An exploration of job stress and health in the Norwegian police service: A cross sectional study. Berg A.M., Hem E., Lau B., Ekeberg Ø., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Dec. 2006, Vol.1, No.26, 9p. 34 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The objective of cross-sectional study was to explore the physical and mental health of Norwegian police, and their associations to job stress. A detailed questionnaire was addressed to 3272 members of the Norwegian police at all hierarchical levels. It was found that job pressure and lack of support were the main causes of physical and mental health problems. Women showed higher anxiety symptoms than men, while men showed higher depressive symptoms than women. Police reported more subjective health complaints and depersonalization, but less anxiety and depressive symptoms than the general population. Other findings are discussed. (108798)

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CIS 08-1478 The impact of psychosocial and organizational working conditions on the mental health of female cleaning personnel in Norway. Gamperiene M., Nygård J.F., Sandanger I., Wærsted M., Bruusgaard D., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Nov. 2006, Vol.1, No.24, 10p. 55 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This study examined the association between psychosocial and organizational work conditions and mental health among women employed in the cleaning profession in Norway. Self-report questionnaires were mailed to 661 cleaning staff from seven cleaning organizations in various locations across the country. The response rate was 64%. The questionnaires assessed socio-demographic information, employment history, work organization and psychosocial working conditions. Mental health was assessed using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25). The proportion of cleaning women scoring a HSCL-25 ≥1.75 was 17.5%, which is higher than the prevalence of mental health problems among all working Norwegian women (8.4%). Quality of supervision, collaboration with co-workers and ethnicity were significantly associated with mental health. (108799)

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CIS 08-1479 Job stress in young physicians with an emphasis on the work-home interface: A nine-year, nationwide and longitudinal study of its course and predictors. Røvik J.O., Tyssen R., Hem E., Gude T., Ekeberg Ø., Moum T., Vaglum P., Industrial Health, Oct. 2007, Vol.45, No.5, p.662-671. Illus. 46 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_45_5_662.pdf

This longitudinal study explored the risk factors and outcomes of early career job-stress among physicians in Norway by means of mail surveys. Physicians graduating from Norwegian universities in 1993-94 responded during their final year of medical school, during their internship, in their fourth postgraduate year and in their tenth postgraduate year. Stress relating to the work-home interference increased during the observation period, whereas stress relating to emotional pressure, time pressure and fear of complaints and criticism decreased. Stress relating to the work-home interference increased during their early career, mainly due to long work hours and an increased number of children. Neuroticism, conscientiousness and lack of support from partners and colleagues appeared to be predictive of this stress. (108813)

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CIS 08-1480 Minnesota nurses' study: Perceptions of violence and the work environment. Nachreiner N.M., Gerberich S.G., Ryan A.D., McGovern P.M., Industrial Health, Oct. 2007, Vol.45, No.5, p.672-678. Illus. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:

http://www.jniosh.go.jp/en/indu_hel/pdf/IH_45_5_672.pdf

A sample of 6,300 randomly-selected nurses (consisting of 96% women) in the state of Minnesota (USA) was surveyed on their experience with work-related violence in the previous year. Differences in perceptions of the work environment and work culture were assessed, based on a nested case-control study, comparing nurses who experienced assault to non-assaulted nurses. Annual rates of physical and non-physical assault, per 100 nurses, were 13.2 and 38.8 respectively. Nurses frequently experienced work-related violence; the perceptions of the work environment differed between nurses who had experienced physical assault and those who had not. Other findings are discussed. (108814)

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CIS 08-1481 Shift-work and suicide ideation among police officers. Violanti J.M., Charles L.E., Hartley T.A., Mnatsakanova A., Andrew M.E., Fekedulegn D., Vila B., Burchfiel C.M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 2008, Vol.51, No.10, p.758-768. 57 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This cross-sectional study assessed the association between shift work and suicide ideation among police officers. Shift work was based on daily payroll records over five years for 41 women and 70 men. Standardized psychological measures were employed. ANOVA and Poisson regression were used to analyse associations. Among policewomen with increased depressive symptoms, prevalence of suicide ideation increased by 116% for every 10-unit increase in percentage of hours worked on day shift (prevalence ratio (PR) 2.16). Among policemen with higher posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, prevalence of suicide ideation increased by 13% with every 10-unit increase in the percentage of hours worked on afternoon shift (PR 1.13). Other findings are discussed. (108996)

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CIS 08-1482 Qualitative evaluation of a framework for understanding the development of organizational safety culture. Bentley T., Tappin D., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2008, Vol.24, No.3, p.213-220. 16 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This article presents findings of a study aimed at understanding factors contributing towards safety culture in New Zealand, based on the case of a specific enterprise. An attempt was made to qualitatively determine the level of a number of safety culture parameters and to evaluate the effectiveness of a recently-published framework for understanding safety culture. Methods included a qualitative survey involving two focus groups and semi-structured interviews with management, employee and contractor respondents. Key findings included low levels of employee involvement in OHS, shortcomings in communication in all aspects of OHS and a poor reporting culture. The framework was found to be an excellent tool for analysing safety culture. (108925)

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CIS 08-1483 Safety culture: Snapshot of a developing concept. Glendon I., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2008, Vol.24, No.3, p.179-189. Illus. 26 ref. (In English)

Internet:

This article reviews some of the key issues to be considered in literature surveys on safety culture, particularly with respect to selecting scientifically sound articles. Topics addressed: disciplines contributing to safety culture literature; sectors studied; determining the relative impact of safety culture publications; peer-review of articles; multi-author articles; authors' countries of origin. (108924)

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CIS 08-1484 Investigating effort-reward imbalance and work-family conflict in relation to morningness-eveningness and shift work. Willis T.A., O'Connor D.B., Smith L., Work and Stress, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.22, No.2, p.125-137. 45 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The effort-reward imbalance model (ERI) has been found to be a strong predictor of both psychological and physiological outcomes. A sample of 112 police employees in the United Kingdom completed a baseline questionnaire that contained the ERI model and a measure of "morningness or eveningness" (M-E) chronotype. Two months later, participants completed a second questionnaire, including this time measures of work-family conflict and burnout. Regression analyses confirmed that ERI was a significant predictor of psychological adjustment to shift work. Moreover, M-E was found to make a unique contribution to the prediction of work-family conflict, such that evening types reported greater levels of maladjustment. The results indicate that adjustment to shift work and attendant effects on work-family conflict can be affected by an individual's morning-evening typology. Other findings are discussed. (108787)

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CIS 08-1485 Age and working: From studies on ageing at work to a psychosocial approach to the end of working life. (French: Âge et travail: des études sur le vieillissement au travail à une approche psychosociale de la fin de la carrière professionnelle) Faurie I., Fraccaroli F., Le Blanc A., Travail humain, Apr. 2008, Vol.71, No.2, p.137-172. Approx 150 ref. (In French)

Internet:

The long-predicted problem of pension funding, together with the issue of workforce ageing, have given rise to many studies analysing psychological and social processes marking the later stages of occupational activity. In this framework, the objectives of this article are firstly to conduct a critical review of the main studies on ageing within organizations and, more generally, on the relationships between age and work, and secondly to provide evidence on the relevance of a psychosocial approach to the issue of older workers, which cannot simply be limited to ageing at work. This approach involves an analysis of socialization and identity restructuring processes that characterise the transition during the final years of occupational activity. (108957)

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CIS 08-1486 Workplace violence against adolescent workers in the US. Rauscher K.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 2008, Vol.51, No.7, p.539-544. 37 ref. (In English)

Internet:

In this study of workplace violence among adolescent workers in the United States, survey data from 1171 young persons aged 14-17 were analysed using descriptive statistics to investigate the incidence of physical attacks, verbal threats and sexual harassment, and to identify their perpetrators. Nearly one-third of respondents experienced some form of workplace violence: 25% were verbally threatened, 10% physically attacked and 10% sexually harassed. Significant demographic differences were found. The most common perpetrators of physical attacks and verbal threats were customers while sexual harassment most often came from co-workers. Since young persons are likely to be more vulnerable, workplace violence prevention that target adolescent workers should be made a priority. (108778)

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CIS 08-1487 Psychometric analysis of the UK Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards work-related stress Indicator Tool. Edwards J.A., Webster S., Van Laar D., Easton S., Work and Stress, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.22, No.2, p.96-107. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

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In the United Kingdom, the HSE's Management Standards Indicator Tool is increasingly used by enterprises to monitor working conditions that can lead to stress. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability of this tool. Data were collected from 26,382 employees at 39 enterprises in the United Kingdom and used to perform a first-order Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) on the original 35-item seven-factor measurement scale. The results showed an acceptable fit to the data for the instrument. A second-order CFA was also performed to test if the tool contained a higher order one-dimensional measure of work-related stress. These findings also revealed an acceptable fit to the data, suggesting that it may be possible to derive a single measure of work-related stress. Normative data comprising tables of percentiles from the organizational data are provided to enable employers to compare their averages against national benchmarks. (108785)

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CIS 08-1488 Organizational violence and aggression: Development of the three-factor Violence Climate Survey. Kessler S.R., Spector P.E., Chang C.H., Parr A.D., Work and Stress, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.22, No.2, p.108-124. Illus. 55 ref. (In English)

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Violence climate, a concept derived from the safety climate literature, may affect violence and aggression at work. Using a newly-developed instrument for measuring violence climate, this study consisted of a survey of a sample of 216 employees from a variety of sectors in the United States. It showed that violence climate is significantly related to exposure to physical violence and verbal aggression, physical strains and psychological strains, including job dissatisfaction and negative emotion at work. Exposure to both violence and aggression was associated with all strains. Multiple regression analyses suggested that it was primarily policies and pressure that was associated with verbal aggression, whereas mainly practices was related to physical violence. (108786)

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CIS 08-1489 The Job Demand-Control-Support model and stress-related low-grade inflammatory responses among healthy employees: A longitudinal study. Shirom A., Toker S., Berliner S., Shapira I., Work and Stress, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.22, No.2, p.138-152. Illus. 58 ref. (In English)

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This study investigated the direct (additive) and interactive effects of the Job Demand-Control-Support (JDC-S) model's components on subsequent changes in three indicators of stress-induced inflammation in the body: C-reactive protein, fibrinogen and white blood cell concentrations. Subject included 738 healthy male and 383 healthy female employees who underwent periodic health examinations twice at an 18-month interval. Few direct or indirect effects were found, and none were supportive of the JDC-S model. It is concluded that the physiological mechanism linking the JDC-S model with cardiovascular morbidity probably does not involve inflammatory processes. (108788)

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CIS 08-1490 All day and all of the night: The relative contribution of two dimensions of workaholism to well-being in self-employed workers. Taris T.W., Geurts S.A.E., Schaufeli W.B., Blonk R.W.B., Lagerveld S.E., Work and Stress, Apr.-June 2008, Vol.22, No.2, p.153-165. 47 ref. (In English)

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The objective of this study was to examine the associations between workaholism and perceived health (exhaustion, physical complaints, and feelings of professional efficacy). It involved a sample of 477 Dutch self-employed workers. Workaholism is characterized by long work hours coupled with the inability to detach from work. It was expected that both workaholism components would be related to ill health. Variance and regression analyses revealed that this reasoning was confirmed for one component (inability to detach from work), but not for the other (working long hours). (108789)

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CIS 08-1491 Distress or no distress, that's the question: A cutoff point for distress in a working population. van Rhenen W., van Dijk F.J.H., Schaufeli W.B., Blonk R.W.B., Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Jan. 2008, Vol.3, No.3, 8p. Illus. 56 ref. (In English)

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The objective of this study was to establish an optimal cutoff point for distress measured with the 50-item four-dimensional symptom questionnaire (4DSQ), using the prediction of sickness absence as a criterion. The cutoff point should allow a reliable evaluation of the risk of sickness absence in occupational health practice and be useful for future studies on distress and mental disorders. The questionnaire was given to workers with and without sickness absence due to distress. Sensitivity and specificity were compared for various potential cutoff points. A distress cutoff point of ≥11 appears reliably indicative of a distress level at which an employee is presumably at risk of sick leave on psychological grounds. (108792)

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CIS 08-1492 Psychosocial factors as reversible components in social insurance systems. (French: Les facteurs psychosociaux, figures réversibles des assurances sociales; German: Psychosoziale Faktoren in den Sozialversicherungen als Kippfigur) Hoffmann-Richter U., Hoffmann H., Pfister S., Siegenthaler F., Schade V., Znoj H., Informations médicales - Medizinische Mitteilungen, 2008, No.79, p.35-46. Illus. 11 ref. (In French, German)

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This article discusses mental disturbances caused by occupational accidents or diseases, which represent an obstacle to rehabilitation. It presents a Swiss project entitled EBEPS (German acronym for identification and treatment of mental disorders in the context of occupational accidents and diseases), whose aim is to simplify the processing of complex rehabilitation cases. The project involved insured workers whose cases were followed up using "New Case Management" approaches, and who answered a questionnaire on their accident or diseases, as well as on various psychosocial factors and their perception of responsibilities in 2007. The questionnaire was submitted again one year later. The information collected enabled the identification of predictors of rehabilitation. The project will allow the development of an instrument that improves the early identification of workers who could have rehabilitation problems. (108849)

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CIS 08-1493 Effects of transformational leadership on perceived safety climate: A longitudinal study. Clarke S., Flitcroft C., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2008, Vol.24, No.3, p.237-247. 46 ref. (In English)

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Transformational leadership consists of leading by example and motivating employees. Previous research has emphasised the importance of transformational leadership style in relation to occupational safety. However, much existing empirical evidence has been drawn from cross-sectional data, which does not allow causal interpretation of this relationship. The longitudinal study reported in this article involved a sample of 14 SMEs in North West England. Data were collected by means of questionnaires before and after a five-month safety training intervention. A significant lagged effect of transformational leadership style on employees' perceived safety climate was observed. In particular, the importance of motivation is highlighted. Practical implications for the design of safety interventions are discussed, and avenues for further research are proposed. (108926)

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CIS 08-1494 Psychosocial factors at work and risk of depression: A systematic review of the epidemiological evidence. Bonde J.P.E., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2008, Vol.65, No.7, p.438-445. Illus. 41 ref. (In English)

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Major depression is a leading cause of psychiatric morbidity. Psychosocial factors at the workplace may influence the occurrence of this disorder, but evidence so far remains circumstantial. This literature survey reviews studies addressing the risk of major depression and depressive symptoms relative to psychosocial stressors in the working environment. Sixteen company or population-based studies including some 63,000 employees were identified. Despite the methodological limitations of several studies, there are consistent findings indicating that perceived adverse psychosocial factors at the workplace are related to elevated risks of subsequent onset of depressive symptoms or a major depressive episode. (108927)

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CIS 08-1495 Caution: Office parties and alcohol. (French: Attention! Alcool et party au bureau) Maurais S., Travail et santé, June 2008, Vol. 24, No.2, p.9-11. Illus. (In French)

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No enterprise wishes to see their employees die in an accident after returning from a company-organized party or "farewell drinks" event. This article comments the legal responsibilities of employers with respect to this issue and presents simple means to ensure that employees return home safety: supply of breath analysers; supply of taxi vouchers or other means of conveyance; controlling the amount of alcohol served; ensuring that the catering staff is trained with respect to serving alcohol and aware of their responsibilities. (109008)

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CIS 08-1496 Testing the effectiveness of the streamlined national well being programme at managing work-related stress in schools. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. x, 81p. Illus. (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr588.pdf

The HSE have identified six main factors of work organization that, if not properly managed, are associated with poor health and wellbeing: demands, control, support, relationships, role and change. HSE's Management Standards for Work-Related Stress represent a set of conditions that reflect high levels of health, wellbeing and organisational performance in each of these areas. Following these standards helps employers to identify the gap between their current performance and these conditions, and to develop their own solutions to close this gap. This study evaluated the effectiveness of these standards in managing work-related stress in schools. It involved collecting data from participating local authorities and schools. Findings are discussed. (108878)

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CIS 08-1497 Psychological resources, their social antecedents, and association with well-being and health behaviour in early adulthood. Ek E., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FIOH-Bookstore, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2008. 71p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 23.00. Downloadable version free of charge., ISBN 978-951-802-839-3 (In English)

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http://www.tsr.fi/files/TietokantaTutkittu/1998/98451Loppuraportti.pdf

The aim of this longitudinal study was to analyse how psychosocial characteristics in early childhood and adolescence predict successful entrance into working life. The subjects were members of the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort, which consists of all women and men born in 1966 in two northern provinces of Finland (n=12,058). At the most recent follow-up in 2007, 11,637 subjects were alive. Data were collected by means of postal questionnaires. Findings highlight the importance of family support during childhood and school achievement during adolescence. Other findings are discussed with respect to gender differences and differences in social and educational levels. (108806)

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CIS 08-1498 Health and safety in the small to medium-sized enterprise: Psychosocial opportunities for intervention. Lansdown T.C., Deighan C, Brotherton C., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. viii, 67p. Illus. 61 ref. (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr578.pdf

The aim of this project was to identify psychosocial factors which are effective in the maintenance and improvement of safety and health in small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It involved a literature review, a questionnaire survey and phone interviews with stakeholders. Data were subjected to statistical evaluation. Overall, SMEs showed a low level of safety and health activity. Important psychosocial factors were found to be the level of available resources, relationships with suppliers and decision-making latitude by junior and middle-level staff. Other findings are discussed. (108770)

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CIS 08-1499 Using soft people skills to improve worker involvement in health and safety. Poxon B., Coupar W., Findlay J., Luckhurst D., Stevens R., Webster J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2007. iv, 33p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr580.pdf

The involvement of workers is central to the achievement of improved enterprise performance across many dimensions, including that of effective safety and health management. Many organizations claim that worker involvement in their decision-making and management has resulted in quantifiable benefits, such as improved change management, more responsive customer service provision, better dispute resolution, reduced labour turnover, and reduced sickness absence and accident rate. The objective of this study was to investigate organizational cultures which create the capacity for effective employee involvement in safety and health. It involved studying ten organizations with widely differing organizational cultures. It was concluded that the most decisive factor in this process was the creation, support and sustenance of a dialogue culture within the organizations. (108871)

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CIS 08-1500 Legislation on alcoholism and its prevention. (French: Législation se rapportant à l'alcoolisme et à sa prévention) Questel F., Dally S., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3nd Quarter 2008, No.160, 8p. 13 ref. (In French)

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French legislation concerning alcoholism and its prevention consists of laws adopted over a series of years, whose objectives range from treating patients to protecting society and ensuring law and order. This article comments current public health and forensic legislation. Following a brief review of the classification of alcoholic beverages and the provisions regarding their licensing and permission, this article goes on to discuss the protection of individuals, drunkenness in public areas, the organization of the care of alcoholic patients, and forensic aspects of alcoholism in various fields (work, road safety, family and crime). (109005)

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Page generated from the CISDOC database. Date: 24.04.14.