TVET Governance

ILO supports the Ministry of Education to build the capacity of their TVET officials on institutional governance

The Skills 21 project has developed a capacity-building programme on Institutional Governance for TVET officials to build the capacity of government officials to implement good governance with regard to financial and institutional management and administration.

Feature | Dhaka | 29 December 2022
The Technical and Madrasah Education Division (TMED) under the Ministry of Education is responsible for the management of technical and vocational education and training (TVET). The TMED delivers its mandate through the institutions, Directorate of Technical Education (DTE), Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB), Technical Teachers’ Training College (TTTC), Vocational Teacher’s Training Institute (VTTI), Technical School and Colleges (TSCs) and the Polytechnics within its jurisdictions.

The current system of the governance of TVET education by the TMED is fragmented. For over a decade now, the Ministry of Education has been the nodal ministry for the implementation of a number of donor-funded skills projects. The ILO TVET-Reform Project, funded by the European Union, established the foundations of TVET reforms in Bangladesh, and since then many donor funded projects continue to intervene in the areas of market responsive inclusive skills delivery.

Despite often having similar objectives and expected results, many donor-funded projects are implemented by the Government in parallel without adequate coordination, leading to incoherence and duplication. The system for mainstreaming these projects to ensure efficient delivery of development priorities is crucial for TMED. The TMED monitors the performance of these projects separately, without considering synergies and continuity of results. Accordingly, after the end of these projects, Government ownership and the sustainability and mainstreaming of the project results of these projects is mostly not ensured.

In 2020, the ILO Skills 21 Project, funded by the European Union, conducted a study on “Formulation of Capacity Development Plan for the TVET Institutions under Technical and Madrasah Education Division (TMED)” and “Assessment and scoping for an integrated governance mechanism for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Bangladesh”.

Subsequent to these studies and capacity building plan, the Skills 21 Project in consultation with DTE developed a capacity building programme on “Institutional Governance for TVET officials” for 150 officials from TMED, DTE and BTEB, as well as principals/chief instructors of TVET institutes. The objective of the training was to build the capacity of government officials of TMED, DTE, BTEB and select TVET Institutions to effectively manage institutional and financial issues in order to ensure good governance practice.

Skills 21 project rolled out this five-day long residential training in six batches from September– December 2022 at the Financial Management Academy (FIMA), Mirpur. The training programme consisted of four modules and fifteen sessions. The modules are: Good Governance Practices in TVET, Financial Management of TVET Institutes, TVET Accounts and Audit Management, and Procurement Management in TVET Institutes.

One of the trainees, Ms. Hasina Yeasmin, Chief Instructor at Narshindi Technical School and College, stated, "This training has enabled me to develop effective budgeting capacity to the benefit of my institute, and I would be pleased to go even deeper into this matter.

The course was also very helpful to Mr. Uttam Kumar Roy, principal of Sharsha Technical School and College. "We often work on budgets, procurement plans, and support for the audit system, but we were not aware of how these elements are connected”, he stated. "Such training results in better TVET governance and makes institute management easier and smoother."

Renowned professionals and trainers from relevant government agencies including Technical and Madrasah Education Division (TMED), Directorate of Technical Education (DTE), finance division under the Ministry of Finance, Central Procurement Technical Unit (CPTU), Foreign Aided Projects Audit Directorate (FAPAD), Bangladesh Trade and Tariff Commission under Ministry of Commerce, Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Management Academy (FIMA) were engaged as resource persons for the training. The training sessions were conducted following interactive methods which include pre-evaluation, lecture/discussion, (face-to-face and online by resource persons), group work, demonstration/application (practical work), presentation and post-evaluation. A total of 151 Government officials received the training.

The facilitator of this series of capacity building workshops Mr Dipok Chakrabarty had recommended six days duration of the training provide more scope for practical learning, such as exercises, case studies and demonstrations, and to insert such subjects as public procurement management, accounting and audit functions. He had also recommended that the trainees should be selected from various levels of different TVET organizations and institutions with different backgrounds and job experience, including all age groups, instead of having a ‘homogenous’ group, as this would provide better stimulation and learning opportunities for all age group professionals.

This training was very well-received by the participants who suggested to conduct such training on a regular basis for all TVET officials. The Senior Secretary, TMED and Director General, DTE plan to include this training as a regular training for TVET officials, utilizing GOB budget, and they have requested ILO’s technical support to ensure sustainability.