Publications

  1. Declaration Overview

    An overview of the ILO declarationo on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work

  1. A rapid assessment of bonded labour in hazardous industries in Pakistan: glass bangle-making, tanneries and construction

    03 January 2004

    This paper examines labour arrangements and bonded labour in three hazardous industrial sectors in Pakistan: construction, glass bangle-making and tanneries. The research and analysis was undertaken by a team of researchers from the Collective for Social Science Research in Karachi. The same team also investigated domestic work and begging, the results of which are reported in another Working Paper.

  2. A rapid assessment of bonded labour in domestic work and begging in Pakistan

    03 January 2004

    This paper examines labour arrangements and bonded labour in domestic work and begging. The research and analysis was undertaken by a team of researchers from the Collective for Social Science Research in Karachi. The same team also investigated domestic work and begging, the results of which are reported in another Working Paper.

  3. A rapid assessment of bonded labour in the carpet industry of Pakistan

    03 January 2004

    This paper , written by Dr Zafar Mueen Nasir, of the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in Islamabad, deals with on bonded labour in Pakistan’s carpet-weaving sector.

  4. Unfree labour in Pakistan: work, debt and bondage in brick kilns

    03 January 2004

    This paper on bonded labour in Pakistan’s brick sector was prepared by a team of researchers / activists from the Pakistan Institute of Labour Education and Research (PILER) in Karachi.

  5. Bonded Labour in agriculture: a rapid assessment in Punjab and North West frontier province, Pakistan

    03 January 2004

    This Working Paper is one of a series of Rapid Assessments of bonded labour in Pakistan, each of which examines a different economic sector. Dr G. M. Arif, of the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) in Islamabad, is the author of this paper on bonded labour in the agriculture sector in Punjab and North West Frontier Province.

  6. Bonded Labour in agriculture: a rapid assessment in Sindh and Balochistan, Pakistan

    03 January 2004

    This Working Paper is one of a series of Rapid Assessments of bonded labour in Pakistan, each of which examines a different economic sector. The aim of these studies is to inform the implementation of the Government of Pakistan’s National Policy and Plan of Action for the Abolition of Bonded Labour, adopted in 2001. Maliha Hussein and her collaborators were responsible for preparation of this paper on bonded labour in the agriculture sector in Sindh and Balochistan provinces. It should be read in conjunction with a companion paper that covers Punjab and North West Frontier Province.

  7. Forced Labour: Definition, Indicators and Measurement

    03 January 2004

    This paper represents a first step to estimate the global magnitude of forced labour. It describes the various forms of forced labour in existence, reviews available indicators of forced labour, summarises and discusses some methods that have been used for measurement, and provides some guidance for future work on the subject.

  8. Pay equity, minimum wage and equality at work

    01 November 2003

    Professor Jill Rubery was commissioned by the ILO to write this Working Paper, as an input for the preparation of the 2003 Global Report on the elimination of discrimination in the world of work2. The establishment of a floor to the wage structure is of paramount importance to groups of workers discriminated on grounds such as sex, ethnicity, national origin, age and disability, as these groups are disproportionately represented at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy. By identifying the role that minimum wages can play in reducing gender discrimination in pay, Jill Rubery’s paper contributes to our understanding of the forms of labour market processes compatible with the promotion of non-discrimination, equality and decent work.

  9. Normalised and disaggregated gaps in basic workers' rights

    01 November 2003

    In a preceding working paper I put forward a concept and measurements of gaps in the basic labour rights of workers that are human rights – freedom of association and collective

  10. Gender-based occupational segregation in the 1990's

    01 September 2003

    The importance of occupational sex segregation as a form of discrimination is recognised in ILO Convention on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation), 1958 (No. 111). It is one of the most insidious aspects of gender inequality in the labour market, since it is generally accompanied by lower pay and worse working conditions in female occupations. It is also one of the most enduring aspects of labour markets around the world.

  11. Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining: A study of Indonesian experience 1998-2003

    01 September 2003

    Patrick Quinn served as the Chief Technical Adviser of an ILO project in Indonesia that sought to help trade unionists, inter alia, how to organize and administer workers’ organizations and how to negotiate with employers – starting in the late 1990s when the Suharto regime first began to wobble and them fell in mid-1998, and continuing up to early 2003. He was therefore a privileged observer of the changes that occurred, well placed to report on developments. For that reason, I asked him to put black on white what he had seen and heard for the preparation of the ILO’s forthcoming second global report on freedom of association and collective bargaining, which is due to be discussed at next June’s International Labour Conference.

  12. Equal Opportunities Practices and Enterprise Performance: An Investigation based on Australian and British Data

    01 September 2003

    Professor Virginie Pérotin2, Dr. Andrew Robinson and Dr. Joanne Loundes were commissioned by the ILO to write this Working Paper, as an input for the preparation of the ILO Director-General’s Global Report to the 2003 session of the International Labour Conference3. The paper examines the incidence of policies and practices for combatting discrimination and promoting equal opportunities among enterprises in Britain and Australia, and investigates the factors that lead enterprises to adopt such practices and their effect on productivity. The paper focuses on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and compares their case with that of larger firms at each stage of the analysis.

  13. Gaps in basic workers' rights: Measuring international adherence to and implementation of the Organization's values with public ILO data

    01 May 2003

    Several ILO colleagues recently began work on Decent Work indicators. Almost invariably, they ran into problems capturing comprehensively what is at the very centre of the ILO and Decent Work, the standards that the Organization has set over the years in the labour field, or they left aside standards altogether. This irked me sufficiently, late last year, to try my hand at putting forward some ideas. Little did I know what I let myself in for. A number of my colleagues in the International Labour Standards Department were aghast at hearing of the simplifications that indicators would introduce without paying attention to the substance and details of everything specialists look at.

  14. Time for equality at work. Global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Report of the Director-General, 2003

    03 April 2003

    The ILO’s most comprehensive study to date on discrimination, this timely report argues that the benefits of eliminating discrimination in the workplace transcend the individual and extend to the economy and to society as a whole. While the most blatant forms of discrimination at work have faded, the report reveals that many remain a persistent and daily part of the workplace or are taking on new, more subtle forms that are cause for growing concern

  15. Annotated bibliography on forced/bonded labour in India

    01 December 2002

    This bibliography provides a wide range of references on the subject of forced/bonded labour in India, which has multiple forms. Regardless of this multiplicity it is a negation of inalienable human rights, an affront to dignity, decency and worth of human existence, and anathema to civilised human conscience. Moreover, the prevalence of forced/bonded labour is also incompatible with decent work.

  16. The Links between Collective Bargaining and Equality

    01 September 2002

    Professors Blackett and Sheppard were commissioned by the ILO to write this Working Paper, as an input for preparing the ILO Director-General's Global Report to the 2003 session of the International Labour Conference 2. Their paper explores a complex and wide-ranging subject, i.e. the interface between collective bargaining and equality under current conditions of work. It argues that these two fundamental principles and rights are mutually reinforcing and can together promote workplace governance which reconciles economic with social goals. The paper draws upon a number of concrete examples of how the negotiation process has contributed to the promotion of equality of opportunities and treatment on grounds such as gender, disability, and religion, and shows how an equality agenda can enhance the scope, effectiveness and legitimacy of collective bargaining.

  17. Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: Value, viability, incidence and importance as elements for economic progress and social justice

    01 July 2002

    With this paper the InFocus Programme for promoting the Declaration intends to open new doors for reflection and debate, by broaching new issues, challenges and analyses that will inspire constituents as well as civil society at large to advance in achieving ILO objectives. Moreover, this document is the first of its kind to focus mainly on Latin America, a region where we hope the Declaration will invigorate the development of a significant amount of programmes and activities.

  18. Intersecting risks: HIV/AIDS and child labour

    01 June 2002

    Dr. Rau was commissioned by the ILO to write this working paper, as one of the inputs into preparation of the ILO Director-General's report to the 2002 session of the International Labour Conference, under the follow- up to the ILO Declaration, entitled A Future Without Child Labour. Based on a review of the secondary information currently available, this paper sheds new light on the direct links between HIV/AIDS and child labour, as well on the common factors, driven largely by deep inequalities between social groups, which increase children's vulnerability both to HIV infection and to being draw into child labour, especially its worst forms. Hence the title of this Paper: Intersecting Risks.

  19. Child Labour in the Russian Federation

    01 June 2002

    Dr. Stephenson was commissioned by the ILO to write this Working Paper, as an input into preparation of the ILO Director-General's report to the 2002 session of the International Labour Conference, under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration, entitled A Future Without Child Labour. Based on the author’s own research, as well as secondary information sources, the paper reviews emerging trends and issues in child labour in the Russian Federation over the transition period. It highlights some of the key challenges to be faced, if vulnerable groups of children are to be protected from child labour, and particularly its worst forms, in a period of rapid and profound change in economic and social structures.

  20. A future without child labour. Global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Report of the Director-General, 2002

    06 May 2002

    Folder containing flyers, fact sheets, the report "A future without child labour", and resource lists of contact persons by region.