William Blanchard

Interview for the Oral Archives of the ILO Century Project by Amalia Cuba and Isabel Porras Novalbos

Former ILO official Mr William Blanchard was an American anthropologist, born in Providence, Rhode Island, on 13 June 1913. He taught at secondary schools in Los Angeles, California from 1938 to 1942 and was in the U.S Navy from 1942 to 1945. In his early 30s he moved to Peru as a participant in a field study funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. He was appointed Field Director of a Cornell’s Project in Callejón de Huaylas, Peru (Project of “Community Development”). He worked with Dr Sanchez de Losada, Director of the Andean Indian Programme (1961–1964) and other experts from several UN agencies. His work with the ILO began in the early 1960s when the ILO Regional Office in Lima was established. He worked as a teacher and Academic Coordinator at the Instituto Binacional Peruano Norteamericano de enseñanza. Mr Blanchard died in 2012 in Peru.

1937 – Bachelor’s degree in History in Latin America, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
1945 – Master’s Degree in Anthropology and Sociology with a focus on Latin America, UCLA
1952 – PhD in Anthropology, Sociology & Linguistics at Cornell University

In this interview, anthropologist and former ILO official Mr William Blanchard talks about the Andean Indian Programme, launched in 1952. This innovative programme, carried out jointly with other UN agencies, assisted approximately 250,000 indigenous people in Latin America between 1952 and 1972. Mr William Blanchard worked for the Andean Programme from 1961 to 1964 in Puno and Lima as advisor in the office of the Director of Instituto Indigenista Peruano in the Ministry of Labour and Indigenous Affairs.

Key words
Argentina, C169 Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention 1989, Callejón de Huaylas, Chile, Colombia, Cornell University, Ecuador, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Fulbright Scholarship, German trade unions, ILO Decent Work Agenda, ILO Peru, Andean Indian Programme, ILO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, ILO technical cooperation, indigenous workers, Instituto Binacional, Ministry of Labour and Indigenous Affairs, penal sanctions, Puno, Rockefeller Archive Centre, Rockefeller Foundation, rural labour, UNESCO, UNICEF, United Nations Technical Assistance Board, Venezuela, World Health Organization (WHO).

Names mentioned
Beaglehole, Ernest; Blanques, René; D’Ugard, Charles; Rens, Jef; Sanchez de Lozada, Enrique; Saura, Emilio.

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