Labour standards

Kosovo*: Assessing gaps and identifying priority actions in safety and health at work

Kosovo has been accelerating its effort to develop its occupational safety and health (OSH) legislation and labour inspectorate that are in line with international and European labour standards. As a systematic approach towards achieving safe and health workplaces in Kosovo, an OSH Profile has been prepared by the ILO in the framework of the project ‘’Promoting Decent Work through Strengthening OSH Management and Social Dialogue,’’ managed by UNOPS and funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) through the Embassy of Sweden in Pristina.

News | 02 June 2021

© ILO/Julia Druelle 

The OSH Profile was launched at the tripartite meeting held on 27 May 2021 in Pristina.

The main findings on the current OSH situation in Kosovo include the limited capacities of labour inspectorates; lack of reliable statistics on occupational accidents and diseases; limited health surveillance; lack of a social security coverage against employment injuries, insufficient social dialogue, lack of OSH programmes and insufficient research. These shortcomings result in frequent cases of serious work accidents and occupational diseases, particularly in the construction sector.

Tracking work accidents and occupational diseases is difficult as official data are not reliable. The available data for Kosovo show a rate of fatal work accidents of 2 cases per 100,000 workers which is close to the EU average (1.8 cases). However, there are good reasons to assume that the data from Kosovo are strongly underreporting the incidence of fatal work accidents as other countries from South East Europe report higher rates (e.g. Romania 4 cases per 100,000). A look at non-fatal work accidents provides further reasons to believe that official data are incomplete. Kosovo reports 17 cases per 100,000 workers while the EU average is 1660 cases. No data are available on occupational diseases.

Future ILO interventions will contribute to improve the data availability on work accidents and occupational diseases as solid evidence should be the basis for designing OSH policies. The ILO will also support the preparation and implementation of the OSH Strategy 2021-2026 and the Labour Inspectorate Strategy 2022-2026. Finally, the ILO will provide tailored-made trainings for labour inspectors and officials of the Ministry.

Read the OSH profile in English, Albanian and Serbian

Check the project page "Promoting Decent Work through Strengthening OSH Management and Social Dialogue"

* All references to Kosovo should be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999)