Policy Brief

ILO Convention 190: The Right of Everyone to a World of Work Free from Violence and Harassment in the Arab States

Violence and harassment in the world of work is a persistent and significant challenge faced by workers worldwide. The ILO Violence and Harassment Convention, 2019 (No. 190) and its accompanying Recommendation (No. 206) clearly spell out the right of everyone to a world of work free from violence and harassment, including gender-based violence and harassment. It covers all forms of violence and harassment, be it verbal, physical, social, sexual or psychological, that occurs anytime and anywhere in all places and circumstances related to work, regardless of the location, size, sector or type of enterprise.

C190 was adopted in June 2019, by the International Labour Conference of the ILO, and came into force on 25 June 2021. Governments that ratify C190 will be required to put in place the necessary laws and policy measures to prevent and address violence and harassment in the world of work. The Convention represents a historic opportunity to shape a future of work based on dignity and respect for all. So far, 36 countries have ratified C190 two of them are Arab countries.

The overall objective of this policy brief is to promote the ratification and effective implementation of ILO C190 in the Arab States to create a world of work free from violence and harassment, with a focus on protecting vulnerable groups and achieving gender equality.