Overview of Qatar's achievements supported by the ILO

In 2017 the State of Qatar and the ILO entered into a partnership to support Qatar's ambitious labour reform agenda, ensuring compliance with ratified international labour Conventions and fundamental principles and rights at work in the State of Qatar.There's been major progress since, contributing to the National Vision 2030 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly SDG 8 on decent work and economic growth.

Wage protection and minimum wage

  • Adopted into law a non-discriminatory minimum wage, and established a Minimum Wage Commission to monitor its impact.
  • Enhanced the Wage Protection System based on the recommendations of a comprehensive independent assessment.
  • Created a Worker’s Support and Insurance Fund.

Labour inspection policy and occupational safety and health systems

  • Adopted a Labour Inspection Policy and an Occupational Safety and Health Policy to ensure more strategic, coordinated and data-driven approaches.
  • Adopted new legislation to better protect workers from heat stress during the summer months.
  • Developed a comprehensive training plan for 2019-2021 and delivered training on various subjects (including labour inspection skills; labour law; and forced labour and trafficking) to nearly all of the 200 labour inspectors.

Kafala, recruitment and working conditions

  • Adopted legislation to dismantle the most problematic and restrictive elements of the kafala sponsorship system, including removing the requirements for workers to obtain exit permits and no-objection certificates to change employers.
  • Introduced additional protections for domestic workers in a new standard employment contract, and developed materials to raise awareness about domestic workers’ rights under the Law.
  • Piloted models of fair recruitment, and promoted due diligence through newly formed Working Groups in the hospitality and security sectors, and for public procurement.

Prevention, protection and prosecution against forced labour

  • Opened shelters for male and female victims of trafficking, forced labour and exploitation.
  • Developed and delivered training on forced labour and trafficking to over 200 labour inspectors and frontline staff of the Labour Relations Department.
  • Conducted an analysis of national legislation in relation the ILO Forced Labour Protocol.

Promoting workers’ voice & access to justice

  • Adopted legislation on the election of workers’ representatives to joint committees.
  • Supported the establishment of joint committees for which 107 workers’ representatives were elected to represent almost 17,000 employees in 20 establishments in the space of one year.
  • Established platforms to elevate the priorities and discussions that emerge from individual joint committees - at the main contractor level, at the sectoral level and at the national level.
  • Strengthened the complaints mechanism of the Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs of Qatar by developing new online platforms for lodging complaints and internal support mechanisms to ensure cases transferring from conciliation to hearing are well prepared.