Countering the Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers in Yemen (CRUCSY)

The CRUSCY programme is a two-year program in Yemen funded by the United States Department of State. The overall objective of the programme is to prevent the recruitment of children and youth as child soldiers and to sustainably reintegrate children formally associated with the conflict in Hajjah, Sanaa, and Lahj governorates in Yemen.

The use of children in armed conflict in Yemen, is considered one of the worst forms of child labour. Through the Countering the Recruitment & Use of Child Soldiers in Yemen (CRUCSY) Programme, the ILO aims to address the issue of child solider recruitment practices in Yemen, as well as the factors that contribute to these practices. 

The overall objective of the CRUCSY Programme is to prevent the recruitment of children and youth as well as sustainably reintegrate children formally associated with the conflict in the Sana’a, Hajjah and Lahj governorates of Yemen. In doing so, the project will contribute to stabilization and the security of targeted areas through socioeconomic reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups (CAAFAG), children at risk (CAR), as well as vulnerable and marginalized groups.

The project’s objectives will be achieved through the ILO’s holistic and multidisciplinary approach which encompasses a wide range of CAAFAG vulnerabilities, taking into account various factors that make children vulnerable to recruitment by armed actors or affect their wellbeing. In addition to building the youths’ capacities, this approach will build resilience by strengthening individuals’ and communities’ resources.

Outcomes

CRUCSY will achieve two outcomes:

Outcome 1: Children and youth have better access to services and facilities for their social and economic integration.
Outcome 2: Former CAAFAG and other children at risk of recruitment above the minimum working age are reintegrated through access to employable skills for improved working conditions and sustainable income.

Within its two-year timeframe the following outputs will be achieved:

Output 1.1: Yemeni local actors and community leaders are capacitated to educate, inform, and change their attitudes and behaviors towards children's use in armed conflict.
Output 1.2: Community facilities and mechanisms for reintegration of children and youths into society are established.
Output 2.1: CAAFAG and CAR are assisted in to match their skills/aspirations to labour market needs.
Output 2.2: CAAFAG and CAR acquire vocational skills through ILO upgraded informal apprenticeship system.
Output 2.3: CAAFAG and CAR are empowered with functional literacy and numeracy skills.
Output 2.4: CAAFAG and CAR are empowered to set up and run their own small businesses.

Activities

Outcome 1 Activities:
  • Develop training guide on social and economic reintegration of CAAFAG and prevention of the use of children by armed forces and armed groups.
  • Train government officials, youth groups, community leaders, CSOs and law enforcement agencies on how to prevent the use of children in armed conflict and their reintegration.
  • Establish child-friendly and adolescent-friendly spaces in the targeted areas.
  • Establish coordination and referral mechanisms to provide specialized mental health care support to CAAFAG.
  • Establish four youth clubs and engage CAAFAG, children formally associated with the conflict and CAR in recreational activities using ILO-IPEC SCREAM (Supporting Children's Rights through Education, the Arts and the Media) Methodology.
Outcome 2 Activities:
  • Undertake labour market assessments in four selected communities of the Hajjah, Sanaa, and Lahj Governorates.
  • Provide marketable vocational skills training to 200 CAAFAG and children at risk.
  • Provide functional literacy and numeracy training to the CAAFAG and CAR.
  • Provide business development services (BDS) to CAAFAG and children at risk.