Integrated support for young women and men in Yemen to access decent work

The ILO is supporting skills training providers to deliver marketable skills and entrepreneurship capacity to young Yemenis.

Yemen is a poor country with an especially high level of youth unemployment that undermines political stability and security. At the same time, the lack of security deters business investment and job creation. In addition, there are large gender based disparities resulting in women who have limited access to economic social and political opportunities. Skills development reform remains an area of crucial importance for enhancing youth employment. Progress has been made over the past ten years to increase the outreach of the technical education and vocational training system, but further reform is required.


The overall aim of the project “Integrated support for young women and men in Yemen to access decent work,” is to build the capacity of skills training providers and business development service providers to improve employability and entrepreneurship among young women and men in Yemen. In particular, it aims to:
  • ensure skills training providers in targeted governorates are able to train young women and men in relevant skills and apply a common quality assurance framework; and
  • ensure that the ILO-developed business start-up programme Mubadara and the ILO youth business mentorship guide are tested and validated for delivery to young male and female graduates from selected community colleges and universities;
  • establish Public Private Partnerships which reflect labour market demand, the needs of training providers and maintain quality assurance;
  • ensure participating agencies as well as private sector employers benefit from regular coaching and training sessions on competency-based training;
  • provide mentorship and easier access to financial support to a selected group of young entrepreneurs to establish their businesses.

Main Activities

  • Conduct two rapid assessments in targeted governorates on jobs in demand and the needs of training providers;
  • organize three one-week training sessions as well as several seminars for instructors of participating agencies and employers on community based training; 
  • award certificates based on instructors’ performance and negotiate with participating agencies for these certificates to be recognized within their grading systems;
  • implement the Mubadara training programme in eight higher education institutions and hold a business plan competition;
  • translate and review the Mubadara training package with selected teachers, assistant professors and the Small and Micro Enterprise Promotion Services to adapt it to the socio-economic needs of Yemen and create an associated website;
  • conduct one training-of-teachers’ workshop on the Mubadara programme in Sana’a over a period of ten days targeting 24 male and female teachers as well as assistant professors;
  • develop a mentorship guide to train Yemeni businessmen and businesswomen on how to mentor young entrepreneurs in setting up their businesses; and
  • conduct one training of mentors’ workshop in Sana’a over a period of four to six days.


  • Implement institutional frameworks and mechanisms for small to medium enterprise development and the fostering of an entrepreneurship culture;
  • certify at least 60 per cent of the trained instructors and 70 per cent of female instructors based on demonstrated capacity;
  • establish PPPs in each targeted governorate through an initial seminar;
  • build the training capacity of selected teachers and assistant professors on the provisions of the Mubadara training programme;
  • institute the Mubadara business start-up course for graduating students in at least five tertiary level academic institutions; and
  • train and certify at least 15 businessmen to deliver business mentorship sessions to young Yemeni start-up enterprises.