Factsheets and briefs


  1. Briefing note

    Protecting wages of migrant workers in the Arab States: Discussion Note for Policymakers

    15 June 2021

    Even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, migrant workers faced critical wage-related issues globally, and especially in the Arab States, yet the scale of the problem has vastly increased as the pandemic led to job losses, salary reductions and unplanned repatriations.

  2. Publication

    Promising practices for fair recruitment: Piloting fair recruitment from Bangladesh to Qatar in the construction sector

    07 April 2021

    This promising practice is part of a series, and results from a stocktaking exercise undertaken five years after the launch of the Fair Recruitment Initiative (FRI).

  3. Publication

    United Arab Emirates: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  4. Publication

    Qatar: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  5. Publication

    Oman: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  6. Publication

    Lebanon: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  7. Publication

    Kuwait: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  8. Publication

    Saudi Arabia: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  9. Publication

    Jordan: Regulatory framework governing migrant workers

    24 March 2021

  10. Publication

    Information Brief: Promoting balanced media reporting on migrant workers in the Arab States

    22 March 2021

    This information brief looks at how Arabic-language media in Jordan and Kuwait report on migrant workers, based on media monitoring research in 2019, and suggests recommendations to strengthen the inclusion of migrant workers in the media.

  11. Social Protection Spotlight COVID-19

    Towards solid social protection floors? The role of non-contributory provision during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond

    21 January 2021

    The COVID-19 crisis has emphasized the importance of guaranteeing access to at least essential health care and to basic income security for all over the life cycle, as stipulated in the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202).


  1. Briefing note

    Impact of COVID-19 on Migrants and Refugees in the Arab Region - Policy Brief

    18 December 2020

    Migrants and refugees are among the social groups most impacted by the COVID-19 crisis, and are suffering disproportionately from its social and economic consequences.

  2. Briefing note

    Iraq Decent Work Country Programme Update

    09 November 2020

    Overview of ILO-Iraq progress towards Decent Work for all.

  3. Briefing note

    COVID-19 in Iraq: Private Sector Impacts

    09 November 2020

    This factsheet presents findings from two assessments on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on households and enterprises in Iraq carried out in June and July of 2020, one-a Panel Study of Small and Medium Enterprises- by IOM, FAO and ITC, and a second one- also a panel study on Small Scale Enterprises- by ILO, FAFO and the Cash Consortium for Iraq (CCI).

  4. Publication

    Improved business development services for MSMEs in Iraqi Kurdistan

    27 October 2020

    The project, implemented by the ILO and funded by the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) aims to promote decent work opportunities in micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

  5. Social Protection Spotlight COVID-19

    Unemployment protection in the COVID-19 crisis. Country responses and policy considerations

    04 September 2020

    Income security is essential to mitigate the sudden and drastic impacts on employment of the lockdowns imposed to slow the COVID-19 pandemic.

  6. Briefing note

    Key Findings: Impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable populations and small-scale enterprises in Iraq

    16 July 2020

    Recognising the immediate challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic and its adverse impact on vulnerable individuals, households, and enterprises in Iraq, a rapid assessment on the impact of the COVID-19 was carried out in June 2020.

  7. COVID-19 and Workers'Organizations

    ILO Standards on Violence and Harassment: What role for workers'organizations?

    02 July 2020

    This Policy Brief is primarily directed to workers and their organizations. Its main purpose is to promote the understanding of the new International Labour Standards and to raise awareness on the importance of promoting the ratification of Convention No. 190 and the application of Recommendation 206.

  8. Brief

    Impact of COVID-19 on Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon

    28 June 2020

    This brief provides evidence of the impact of the pandemic on Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon, shedding light on some of the most pressing issues facing workers and enterprises.

  9. Briefing note

    ILO’s support to Syrian refugees and host communities: Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt

    26 June 2020

    Within the framework of the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), the ILO is facilitating equal access to labour markets and promoting decent work for all – prerequisites for enhancing resilience and reducing aid dependency. Building on its universal mandate to promote employment, social dialogue, social protection and international labour standards, the ILO supports the transition to sustainable livelihoods for refugees and host communities alike, transforming displacement into an opportunity for development.