Policy brief

Exploring the gender pay gap in Occupied Palestinian Territory: A qualitative study of the education sector

This research study explores the causes of the Gender Pay Gap (GPG) between men and women in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), focusing on the education sector as an example.

In collaboration with the Palestinian Ministry of Labour (MoL) and Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE), the International Labour Organization (ILO) explored the gender pay gap in the OPT conducting a qualitative study of the education sector. The decision to focus on this sector was made in tripartite consultation with the National Women’s Employment Committee, representatives from the Palestinian General Federation of Trade Unions and the Palestinian Federation of the Union of Chambers of Commerce.

The education sector is one of the largest sectors in Palestine, employing more than 100,000 persons, of whom the majority are women. The study, conducted in 2015 -2016, focused largely on private schools and universities, highlighting the need for further research to ensure full coverage of the education sector.

The research identifies a number of causal factors which contribute to the gender pay gap and proposes a number of recommendations put forward by various stakeholders who participated in the focus group discussions and interviews.