Facts & Figures
- Iraq, Syria, and Yemen have ratified the Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87).
- Only Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria, and Yemen have ratified the ILO Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98).
- Public sector and government employees are not permitted to organize in Bahrain, Jordan, Lebanon, and Oman; in Syria, Yemen, and Kuwait the right to organize is open to both public and private sector workers, although there is little evidence of effective organization in the private sector.
- Trade unions have yet to effectively reach out to informal workers and new labour market entrants in the labour force, including women and youth.
- With the exception of Bahrain and Oman, across the Arab States migrant workers are excluded from trade union representation by law.
International Labour Standards
- Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87)
- Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
- Rural Workers' Organizations Convention, 1975 (No. 141)
- Rural Workers' Organizations Recommendation, 1975 (No. 149)
- Workers' Representatives Convention, 1971 (No. 135)
- Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189)
- Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 (No. 151)
- Collective Bargaining Convention, 1981 (No. 154)
- Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
- Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
- Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
- Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
- Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
- Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111)
- Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 (No. 156)
- Violence and Harassment Convention, 2019 (No. 190)
Through this Workers’ Guide, the ILO’s Bureau for Workers’ Activities (ACTRAV) provides information and guidance on how trade unions can ensure the implementation of this new global tool to their advantage. It is intended to serve as a valuable reference to workers’ organizations on the provisions of Recommendation No. 205.
The study covers the history and present characteristics of the trade union movement in Lebanon as well as the structure of trade union movements, the results of a field survey and recommendations for a future trade union development.