Mongolia policy brief: Forced labour

This policy brief is part of a series providing information on international labour standards and their implementation in Mongolia.

This policy brief relates specifically to forced labour. It highlights key features of the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) and the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105), including the definition of forced labour and factors to consider in its identification. It also makes the case for ratifying the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (commonly referred to as P29).

The brief considers Mongolian law and practice in respect of forced labour, highlighting areas in which both could be improved. It sets out the position of particularly vulnerable individuals, such as migrant workers, and provides recommendations to reduce their risk of being subjected to forced labour and trafficking in persons.

The brief also examines the complexities of prisoners’ labour and conscript labour, and the circumstances under which these can constitute forced labour. It then assesses current practices in Mongolia, concluding that some appear to contravene Conventions Nos. 29 and 105.