The rights of child jockeys in spring horse racing

Horse racing events have been evolving from part of the traditional festive culture into a highly commercialized profit-oriented activity that takes place not only in summer but throughout the year in winter and spring seasons when children face a high level of risk of various injuries, and even fatalities.

There are approximately 569 laws and regulations in force in Mongolia, out of which 80 contain provisions concerning the rights of a child. However, these regulations are unable to create a strong legal framework for fully protecting the rights of child jockeys.

Mongolia ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, ILO Convention No. 182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour in 2001, and ILO Convention No. 138 concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment in 2002. However, the Government has not been making satisfactory efforts to fully enforce international standards, and this is evidenced by multiple incidences of violations of the rights of child jockeys as well is insufficient enforcement of the relevant national regulations and standards.