Background:Since 2006, Mongolia benefits from the new Generalized Scheme of Preferences (GSP+). This grants Mongolia full removal of tariff duties on over 66% of EU tariff lines as an incentive to ratify and effectively implement 27 international conventions on human and labour rights, environmental protection and good governance. The GSP Regulation of 2012 has introduced a strengthened monitoring mechanism – in the form of a 'scorecard' and continuous GSP+ dialogue – to ensure beneficiary countries comply with their commitments under the 27 key conventions as regards their ratification, effective implementation, compliance with reporting requirements and cooperation with international monitoring bodies. The monitoring process for Mongolia includes eight ILO fundamental Conventions. As part of this, the Government of Mongolia has to report to the EU on the progress made in the effective implementation of these conventions.
Mongolia has ratified all eight Fundamental Conventions, but not the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29), which emphasizes the needs for ratifying states to take effective measures to prevent and eliminate its use, to provide to victims protection and access to appropriate and effective remedies, such as compensation, and to sanction the perpetrators of forced or compulsory labour. Over the past decade, Mongolia has taken concrete measures towards the elimination of the worst forms of child labour and towards closing the gaps in the implementation of the principles of the Forced Labour Convention. However, significant challenges remain largely in employment and labour practices in the informal economy according to the comments of the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) on the Government’s report.
- To strengthen national capacity to report on progress in realizing fundamental principles and rights at work, specifically in relation to child labour and forced labour;
- To support Mongolia’s effort to promote the ratification of the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (P29);
- To align national legislation and procedures to effectively prevent trafficking for labour exploitation.
- Training sessions on ILS reporting, P29 and the ILO Fair Recruitment Guidelines to the ILS working group and other national stakeholders
- The situation and gap analysis for ratification of P29 and validation of the findings
- Review of national legislative frameworks and practices on the identification, protection, rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking for labour exploitation and the persecution of the perpetrator and national consultations on key findings
- Support the competent authority in the drafting and validation of the national operational protocol on the identification, protection and rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking
- Legal advice to the tripartite working group on international labour standards and for further labour law revision with the relevant ministry.
- Mongolia is up-to-date on the reporting of ILO Conventions including all eight fundamental conventions
- Mongolian law and legislation are better compliant with ILS on forced labour and child labour, including P29
Beneficiaries:Ultimate beneficiaries: first victims of child labour and forced labour
Immediate beneficiaries: policy makers, relevant government officials, social partners and civil society organizations
Partners:Main national partners include Ministry of Labour and Social Protection (MLSP), Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs (MOJHA), Secretariat of Coordination Council for Crime prevention, General Agency for Specialized Inspection (GASI), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Parliament members (the Standing Committee for Social Policy, Education, Culture and Science), the National Human Rights Commission (NHRCM), Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions (CMTU), Mongolian Employers’ Federation (MONEF), Mongolian Bar Association (MBA) and relevant civil society organizations.
For further information:Ms Lkhagvademberel Amgalan
National Project Manager
UN House 604
United Nations Street 12
Ulaanbaatar 14201, Mongolia
Tel: (976) 11320624