Green jobs

Green Jobs Malaysia

The Green Jobs Malaysia project will develop the analytical capacity of ILO constituents in Malaysia to assess the economic and employment impacts of a green development strategy through the development of a green jobs mapping study and a new analytical modelling tool (Green DySAM), to enable decision makers to better understand the employment (green jobs), income distribution, CO2 emissions and economic implications of a green development strategy.

The Green Jobs Malaysia Project was borne out of the request from the Malaysian Government to the ILO for assistance in their quest to chart a green(er) economy and meet the commitment made by Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak for a 40% reduction in Malaysia’s GHG emissions intensity by 2020 in 2009 during the run up to Climate Change Negotiations in Copenhagen CoP15.

Started in 2012, the Project has made significant inroads in raising the capacity of the government, social partners and other stakeholders with regards to charting their transition to a green(er) economy.

Development goal: To raise the capacity of the government and social partners in Malaysia to have a clearer understanding of the prevalence of green jobs across the economy and in sectors and identify entry points for further green job creation, as well as to identify supply side gaps (e.g. skills development, migration).  At the end of the Project, it is expected that policy makers and all stakeholder understand better the impacts on the labour market of climate smart policies and the potential for gender responsive green jobs creation in the country.

Immediate Objective 1- Increased information on the environmental and socio-economic impact on employment
Immediate Objective 2- Enhanced Constituents’ capacity on green jobs and use of the analytical tool for green job analysis
Immediate Objective 3- Awareness raised and compliance to developed national competency standard on green technology and national occupational skills standards supported through promotional activities and creation of pool of masters trainers. 

Status and Accomplishments

1. Profiled and mapped existing Green Jobs in the key sectors of the Malaysian Economy.

2. Built a more comprehensive set of accounts disaggregated between green, brown and mixed (hybrid) sectors in Malaysia through the expanded Social Accounting Matrix and Dynamic Social Accounting Matrix (DySAM) spanning from 2000-2012.
  • now provides planners, policy makers and other stakeholders including the social partners (workers and employers organizations) a good basis for identifying entry points for further green jobs creation as well as understanding the linkage between environment/climate change-related policies and the labour market. 
  • currently working on policy modelling scenarios/questions important to the Malaysian economy including “green townships and others” to show the impacts across the economy of these greening measures

3. The Project has created a pool of national experts from government, social partners, academe and research institutions, capable of using and updating the Malaysia DySAM in future years as well as promoting and monitoring the compliance to Malaysia’s National Competency Standards on Green Technology.   This is through capacity development activities to include:
(a) Green Jobs Foundation Training,
(b) SAM/DySAM training and
(c) National Competency Standard (NCS) on Green Technology Master Trainers Training,

  •  35 senior technical officers of various Malaysian ministries and agencies (to include the Ministry of Human Resources (MOHR), Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water (KETTHA), Ministry of Finance along with the Central Bank, Economic Planning Unit), Malaysian universities as well as leading research institutions such as the Institute for Green Environmental Strategies (IGES) got introduced and gained good understanding on DYSAM (after undergoing Level 1 Training),   18 of whom went on to  gain more capacity in the use of DySAM (after undergoing Level 2 Training).
  • 40 key representatives from government and non-government organizations including business now form part of the pool of Master Trainers.

 All these gains, are important as they enable the government and social partners to provide support to the implementation of Tenth Malaysia Plan (2011-2015) as well as the National Green technology Policy (2010). Furthermore, through informing decisions for practical action and investments and environment/climate change-related policies for 2015 by  simulating impacts of green measures on the labour market and environment.