Just Transition: Cases and learnings on inclusion and ambition

More and more countries, jurisdictions, and companies are now debating, adopting, and implementing climate targets, including net-zero mid-century commitments, and within these specific coal phase out targets and de facto coal reduction targets. The Just Transition is a crucial building block for meeting these targets through the energy transition. Although the circumstances for Just Transition vary in each country, there are many common questions and opportunities to share learning. This workshop will present the up-to-date plans and learning from key case studies of Just Transition in some first mover countries: Germany, Poland, South Africa, the Philippines, and Australia, focusing on cross-cutting insights from these case studies.


The first panel will focus on inclusion. Just Transition has been most intensively debated around the important issue of coal jobs and the economic future of coal communities. However, in addition, there are many other stakeholders, including energy customers large and small, mining companies, electricity generators, renewable energy investors, the companies and the communities involved in the rehabilitation of land and water after coal mining, trade unions, migrant labourers and non-unionised labourers, local government, national government, economic development agencies, skills training organizations, and environmental and social justice NGOs. How can these different groups be consulted and participate in designing and implementing Just Transition?

The second panel will look at ambition. Just Transition is sometimes discussed in terms of start dates and end dates, but it is better understood as meaning undertaking robust planning to maximize economic, social, and environmental opportunities, in order to minimize social disruption. This means a key focus on green economy jobs in clean energy and its supply chain, land and water rehabilitation at mining sites, and support for local workforce re-skilling. It also means focusing on equitable access to affordable energy for the population as a whole. Ambition requires clarity about goals, opportunities, resources, and undertaking early actions—managing the transition rather than postponing it. Therefore, what are the models and questions that can help to shape ambitious and well-managed Just Transition planning?