Publications

November 2019

  1. The Future of Work: Trade Unions in Transformation

    29 November 2019

    It has become harder for trade unions in both developed and emerging countries to protect the rights of workers and working conditions, as shown not only in the reduction of unionization, but also the fall in the labour share of income in most countries.This issue of the Journal compiles the thoughts of leading academics on the topics that are shaping discussions on the future of work. The Journal aims to serve as a stepping stone for the labour movement in its own deliberations on how workers’organizations can react to the fundamental changes that are affecting the world of work, and that it will provide further reflections on the transformation of trade unions these changes might entail.

  2. Assessment of private employment agency service provision in Ethiopia

    13 November 2019

    The Public Employment Services (PES) and Private Employment Agencies (PrEAs) are considered as major actors in providing employment services throughout the country. However, there has been a continued call from different stakeholders and the public at large to devise policy solutions to address decent work deficits associated with local employment services provided by PrEAs. Accordingly, to inform evidence-based policy making the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in collaboration with the ILO undertook this assessment. This study assesses the effectiveness of the services being provided by PrEAs and identifies existing drawbacks in the services being provided by User Enterprises using PrEAs services.

  3. Strengthening Support for Trade Through Decent Work

    04 November 2019

  4. Recent trends in average wages, gender pay gaps and wage disparities

    03 November 2019

    This publication depicts the evolution of real average wages since the global economic crisis of 2008, offering insights into the economic context for Africa and also presenting an overview of existing wage disparities within countries, including those related to gender.

  5. Web Application on Freedom of Association

    02 November 2019

    How to secure and promote freedom of association? This web application provides an overview of the principles on freedom of association and explains how ILO procedures and bodies can be best used to secure and promote freedom of association across the world.

  6. Migrant Workers' Skills Portability in Africa at Regional Economic Community and Continental Level

    01 November 2019

    Guidance towards an African qualifications framework? Africa currently hosts nearly 25 million international migrants. Some are fleeing from conflicts, instability, climate change or hardship, while others chose to leave their country for better living conditions and income opportunities elsewhere. All of them possess skills that can be used in their new environments, in the community, and, most importantly, to help them find and sustain a decent job.

October 2019

  1. What Works: Promoting Pathways to Decent Work

    16 October 2019

    This report analyses how income support and ALMPs can come together to tackle a significant set of barriers limiting access to decent work in emerging and developing countries.

  2. Towards Universal Social Security for the Elderly in Mozambique

    14 October 2019

    In Mozambique, social assistance for the elderly is a right enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic. Mozambique currently has 1.25 million elderly people, which corresponds to 4.5% of the population. Although assistance during old-age is a right, half of all elderly people are not yet covered by social security — whether through the mandatory social security subsystem (contributory) or the basic social security subsystem (non-contributory). This policy brief analyzes the feasibility of an Universal Old Age pension in Mozambique in the short term (2019-2024).

  3. Trade Unions in the Balance

    04 October 2019

    On the occasion of the ILO Centenary celebration, the Bureau for Workers’ Activities (ILO-ACTRAV) commissioned a research on the current state of the unions in the world. The research conducts by Professor Visser explores developments in union membership across the world in the past decades.

  4. National Profile on Occupational Health and Safety 2013/2014 - Namibia

    03 October 2019

    The profile is an inventory of all the tools and resources available in the country to manage OSH, the level of performance of these resources; and the description of the magnitude of the current situation and trends in terms of occupational accidents and diseases. It provides basic data on the key parameters that affect the sound management of OSH at both national and enterprise levels. Therefore, it presents the identified gaps and needs for further development of existing legal, institutional, administrative and technical infrastructure related to the management of OSH.

  5. Towards Universal Social Security for the Elderly in Mozambique

    01 October 2019

    In Mozambique, social assistance for the elderly is a right enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic. Mozambique currently has 1.25 million elderly people, which corresponds to 4.5% of the population. Although assistance during old-age is a right, half of all elderly people are not yet covered by social security — whether through the mandatory social security subsystem (contributory) or the basic social security subsystem (non-contributory). This policy brief analyzes the feasibility of an Universal Old Age pension in Mozambique in the short term (2019-2024).

  6. Social Action Budget Brief 2019 - Mozambique (ILO, UNICEF)

    01 October 2019

    The publication analyses budget allocations, trends and fiscal space available for non-contributory social protection in Mozambique, raising several key aspects for policy makers consideration.

September 2019

  1. Employment Impact Assessments: Analysis of the employment effects of infrastructure investment in Rwanda using multiplier analysis of construction subsectors

    27 September 2019

  2. Sectoral employment multipliers in Rwanda: Comparing local multipliers and input-output analysis

    27 September 2019

  3. Child Labour in Mining and Global Supply Chains

    23 September 2019

    Child labour in mining is most commonly found in artisanal and small-scale mines (ASM). Even if produced in small quantities at a mine site, cumulatively, the quantity of minerals coming from ASM is significant: ASM accounts for about 20 per cent of global gold supply, 80 per cent of global sapphire supply and 20 per cent of global diamond supply, 26 per cent of global tantalum production and 25 per cent of tin. It is also a major source of employment: some 40 million people work in ASM — a number that has doubled in recent years — as compared with 7 million in industrial mining.

  4. Convening Actors to Reduce Child Labour and Improve Working Conditions in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (CARING GOLD MINING PROJECT): Fact sheet

    23 September 2019

    The CARING Gold Mining Project’s overall goal is to increase to address child labour and working conditions issues in artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) globally and in Ghana and the Philippines, its pilot countries. It does so by pursuing four outcomes, the first three to be carried out in the pilot countries and the fourth one on a global scale.

August 2019

  1. Assessing the Employment Effects of Investment in Housing in Ghana

    30 August 2019

  2. Assessing the Employment Effects of Processing Cocoa in Ghana

    30 August 2019

  3. Workers’ Guide to Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience Recommendation (No. 205)

    28 August 2019

    Through this Workers’ Guide, the ILO’s Bureau for Workers’ Activities (ACTRAV) provides information and guidance on how trade unions can ensure the implementation of this new global tool to their advantage. It is intended to serve as a valuable reference to workers’ organizations on the provisions of Recommendation No. 205.

  4. ILO alliance with G5 Sahel

    28 August 2019

    With a population of over 300 million and a rising trend of urbanization, the Sahel region offers huge opportunities for its populations. At the same time, however, the region is facing an increase in extremism, terrorism and criminality, fueled by endemic poverty, high income inequality, a high rate of youth unemployment and governance deficiencies.