Top Action Plans to stop Child Labour in Africa

The ILO is providing technical assistance to build the capacities of Child Labour Units (CLUs) and National Steering Committees (NSC) of African countries to strengthen their implementation of National Action Plans to promote education and fight Child Labour in the region.


Child labour is a major developmental issue in Africa. Most countries in the region require comprehensive multi-sectoral programmes involving a broad mobilization of stakeholders. To achieve sustainable and large-scale impact, national responses must put in place effective laws, effective policies and effective institutions.

An increasing number of African countries are developing National Action Plans (NAPs). However, progress towards the achievement of the targeted goals is slow. Nearly half of the 54 countries in the region have yet to begin designing their NAPs. There is a great need to improve and scale up implementation efforts in nearly all countries. Partly because child labour programs tend to receive low attention within national development priorities.

Some ILO member States have formulated National Action Plans with the aim of eliminating the worst forms of child labour in the shortest possible time. The ILO is supporting several countries in the region in this regard, a key objective being the development of national institutional and technical capacities for the effective implementation of National Action Plans.


(Botswana, Ethiopia, Liberia, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Tanzania):
  1. To equip the CLUs and National Steering Committees with basic information on child labour, NAPs and implementation strategies, Decent Work Country Programmes and available ILO information resources
  2. To promote inter-sectoral and inter-institutional collaboration in NAP implementation in the participating countries
  3. To promote networking and information-sharing among NAP implementing institutions in the sub-regions (ECOWAS and SACU)

Expected outcomes

  1. To master Child labour concepts, Conventions 138 and 182 and their accompanying Recommendations, and national responses
  2. To examine the nature of NAPs and strategies for implementation
  3. To formulate strategic planning for NAP implementation
  4. To identify practical issues in NAP implementation (promotion of stakeholder participation; planning, organization and follow-up to Child Labour Committee meetings; information sharing; mainstreaming of agreed actions into the work of responsible departments; reporting and monitoring of progress in implementation; resource mobilization)
  5. To discuss the role of workers and employers organizations in NAP implementation