Governance and tripartism

Efforts to achieve full, freely chosen and productive employment and to address the widespread problems of youth unemployment, low rates of women’s participation in the labour force and low productivity levels can only be successful if they are accompanied by fundamental guarantees of fairness, social cohesion and social justice, through freedom of association, equality, adequate levels of wages, and a functioning social security system.

For this reason, the ILO promotes the integration of international labour standards in national labour laws and public sector reforms. The work entails building capacities in the form of raising awareness, strengthening labour institutions, enacting regulations, and putting in place implementation procedures. An effective way of achieving these results is by ensuring that social dialogue takes place involving key stakeholders such as the government and employers’ and workers’ organisations.

The ILO’s key contribution to good governance is through promotion of social dialogue. Social dialogue is defined by the ILO to include all types of negotiation, consultation or simply exchange of information between, or among, representatives of governments, employers and workers, on issues of common interest relating to economic and social policy.

The main goal of social dialogue itself is to promote consensus building and democratic involvement among the main stakeholders in the world of work. Successful social dialogue structures and processes have the potential to resolve important economic and social issues, encourage good governance, advance social and industrial peace and stability and boost economic progress.

The national poverty reduction strategies recognize that good governance is fundamental to the achievement of the SDGs and improvements in the quality of life and social wellbeing of citizens. Under the UNDAP, ILO’s work contributes in supporting the Government achieve its human rights commitments including rights of workers.

In this, youth and women have been targeted to ensure their participation in policies and decision making processes. The ILO also supports in improving labour law compliance in Tanzania. Among the key support provided is increasing the country’s capacity to ratify and implement the ILO’s fundamental human rights Conventions.