Social protection

Social protection plays a critical role in realising human right to social protection for all, reducing poverty and inequality, and supporting inclusive growth – by boosting human capital and productivity, supporting domestic demand and facilitating structural transformation of national economies.

Tanzania is one of the low income countries that lag behind on social protection in terms of coverage, relevant policies and guidelines and well as coordination of social protection related interventions and systems.

The lack of access to social protection constitutes a major obstacle to economic and social development. Inadequate or absent social protection coverage is associated with high and persistent levels of poverty and economic insecurity, growing levels of inequality, insufficient investments in human capital and human capabilities, and weak aggregate demand in a time of recession and slow growth.

The strong positive impacts of social protection have brought social protection to the forefront of the development agenda. Social protection is a key element of national strategies to promote human development, political stability and inclusive growth.

One of the main policy challenges in achieving sustainable growth and productive and decent employment is the limited access to social protection. ILO’s two-dimensional strategy for the extension of social security, which includes the establishment of a national social protection floor, emphasizes the importance of investing in people’s social protection as a means for reducing poverty and recognizing social protection as a human right.

ILO believes that such investments will help countries to develop the full productive potential of the population, contribute to the formalization of employment, support economic and social change, foster sustainable and equitable growth, reduce vulnerability and boost economic and social development.

Apart from stepping up efforts to extend social security to a larger segment of the population, ILO’s strategy is to build a national social protection floor based on a careful analysis of existing structures and mechanisms to exploit synergies, increase efficiency and smooth implementation. ILO is also working on using social dialogue, involving social partners and other stakeholders, to develop and monitor national strategies for the extension of social security.