Regional Economic Communities (RECs) working on the Free Movement of Persons and Labour Migration

The increasing mobility and changing patterns of migration have demonstrated that the global governance system is fragmented, with weak bilateral and sub-regional cooperation and capacity across migration corridors as well as . Many countries and sub-regions also do not have modern mechanisms in place to address labour migration governance recurring issues such as high exploitation of migrants (e.g. via high recruitment costs, poor wages and working conditions, including in the informal economy), and the fact that often migrant workers’ skills are not well matched to jobs, or processes are not in place to recognize migrant workers’ social protection access and portability of social security benefits, etc.

ILO’s Labour Migration and Labour Mobility work supporting Africa’s Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in promoting fair and effective labour migration governance includes improving capacity-building, providing policy-advice, carrying out labour market needs assessments, supporting the collection of labour migration data, improving migrant workers’ skills recognition, fair recruitment, etc.
  1. AMU (Arab Maghreb Union)

    Member states: Algeria, Lybia, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia

  2. CEN-SAD (The Community of Sahel-Saharan States)

    Member States: Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, the Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, the Sudan, Togo and Tunisia

  3. COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa)

    Member States: Burundi, the Comoros, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Seychelles, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe

  4. EAC (East African Community)

    Member States: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania

  5. ECCAS (Economic Community of Central African States)

    Member States: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe

  6. ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States)

    Member States: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo

  7. IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development)

    Member States: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, the Sudan, South Sudan and Uganda

  8. SADC (Southern African Development Community)

    Member States: Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe