Dar es Salaam (ILO news) The International Labour Organization (ILO) is among the participating UN Agencies in Tanzania that are implementing the UN Joint Programme on AIDS, a framework designed to support the national HIV&AIDS response, in alignment with the United Nations Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP II) 2016-2021, the National Five Years Development Plan (FYDP 2016/17- 2020/21) and the UNAIDS Strategy on Fast Tracking to end AIDS (2016 -2021). The programme is aimed at economically empowering young people with focus to Adolescent Girls and Young Women (AGWY) as well as Young men who are exposed to HIV risks due to social cultural practices and structural factors including poverty. It also targets on reducing economic-oriented root causes of vulnerability to HIV infection among young girls and women living in the selected high impact burden regions of Tanzania.
As part of this initiative, the project in collaboration with Singida Municipality and an NGO dubbed Sustainable Environment Management Action (SEMA), is organizing a training on entrepreneurship and HIV/AIDS for about 250 youth, from 12 to 23 November 2018 in Singida, Tanzania.
The training to be conducted using the ILO’s SIYB programme and Gender (Get-Ahead) tools, is specifically aimed at increasing HIV knowledge and services; increase access to entrepreneurship and business training and services and increase access to financial services among young people with particular focus on young women and men. The training will also enhance access to finance through on-going Municipal initiatives including Youth Development Fund (YDF) and Women Development Fund (WDF) as well as ILO start-up grants for selected viable business ideas.
The training will cover, among others, identifying business potentials, starting and successfully managing them, identifying market potentials and ensure their constant access, awareness on transmission of HIV and AIDS and drivers of epidemics in the localities and the social economic impact of HIV and AIDS to individual and communities at large. Participants will also be introduced to ILO Recommendation 200 on HIV and AIDS in the world of work.
In Tanzania, large numbers of young people have still poor access to health services, often exacerbated by difficult social and economic conditions. Health deficits are mirrored by gender and economic inequalities; even when transitioning from the school to the labour market, young women experience lower income than their male counterparts and are more in vulnerable employment, hence not always protected and with no voice. This situation keeps more youth at risk of contracting HIV if compared to other age group category.
According to the latest survey in Tanzania HIV prevalence peaks at 12 percent among females aged 45 to 49, as compared to a peak of 8.4 percent among males aged 40 to 44. Prevalence among 15 to 24 years old is 1.4 percent (2.1 percent among females and 0.6 percent among males). This program helps addressing those challenges by creating employment opportunities for HIV vulnerable youth through entrepreneurship and enterprise development programs.