Publications

February 2020

  1. Automation and Digitization in the Myanmar garment sector. A review of the current situation and implications for market strategies, investment and skills policies.

    17 February 2020

    This study reviews the current situation and implications for market strategies, investment and skills policies associated with increased automation and technological changes. It recognizes the imperative to act with the goal of shaping a fair, inclusive and sustainable future for the industry, identify what type of skills and investment policies are needed and remain the engine of development it has been for the past decades.

  2. Skilled Workers Matter. The business case for addressing absenteeism and turnover in Myanmar's garment sector.

    17 February 2020

    A study on absenteeism in the Myanmar garment industry is a contribution to the understanding of one of the important impediments to industry’s steady and continued growth: the high absenteeism and turnover rate of its workforce. Exploring the root causes of these phenomena, including workplace social dialogue practices, working conditions, wages and other incentives, payment system and overall human resource management practices and the individual decision making processes of a young workforce can definitely contribute to putting in place sustainable solutions towards retention of an increasingly skilled, productive and mature workforce. Sustainable solutions will require the involvement of all relevant actors and institutions: workers, trade union representatives, employers, workplace coordinating committees, and government authorities enacting and enforcing a conducive legal framework.

  3. Sectorial snapshots

    06 February 2020

  4. Overcoming gender segregation

    06 February 2020

    An explanation to the persistence of the “glass ceilings” in companies are the so-called “glass walls”. These walls epitomise gender segregation within management occupations, as well as in business sectors, mirroring the segregation in the labour market more broadly. This brief explores how glass walls are constructed.

  5. How employer and business membership organizations can accelerate the business case for change

    06 February 2020

    Many companies around the world are introducing measures and building the knowledge base on how to advance women in business and management. Business membership organizations have a key role to play in guiding and mobilizing their members, be they companies, industry associations or regional (provincial) structures. This brief explores how business membership organizations can service their members, participate in policy advocacy and improve gender diversity within their own organizations.

  6. Understanding the gender pay gap

    06 February 2020

    The gender pay gap is a measurable indicator of inequality between women and men. Even when women advance to higher paying jobs in management, the gender pay gap is frequently found. This brief examines the causes behind the gender pay gap.

December 2019

  1. Women in Business in Central America

    16 December 2019

    Case studies from Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico (Chihuahua) and Panama show that women’s success as business owners and employers can be influenced by the size of their enterprise, the economic sectors in which they operate, their education and professional experience.

  2. SUPPORTING COMPANIES’ OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PERFORMANCE: A guide for Employers and Business Membership Organizations on OSH advocacy and services

    15 December 2019

    This publication was prepared by the Labour Administration, Labour Inspection and Occupational Safety and Health Branch (LABADMIN/OSH) and the Bureau for Employers’ Activities (ACT/EMP) of the International Labour Office (ILO). Employers and Business Membership organizations (EBMO) across the world are actively promoting healthy and safe workplaces. They are engaged in tripartite dialogue on national OSH policies, systems and programmes, and provide OSH services such as information, trainings, and audits. This publication presents examples of such initiatives. It also explores a variety of support measures and incentives that have been put in place in many countries to help companies, especially SMEs, manage health and safety at work.

November 2019

  1. Employers’ and business member organizations and sustainable development goals

    07 November 2019

July 2019

  1. Unleashing the Potential of Women Entrepreneurs in Egypt

    14 July 2019

    Position paper on women entrepreneurship development.