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Labour Migration

According to the ILO global estimates on migrant workers, in 2013, migrant workers accounted for 150 million of the world’s approximately 232 million international migrants. Migrant workers contribute to growth and development in their countries of destination, while countries of origin benefit from remittances and the skills acquired by migrant workers during their migration experience. Yet, the migration process implies complex challenges in terms of governance, migrant workers' protection, migration and development linkages, and international cooperation.

Employers regard migration as a positive phenomenon. It is a vehicle for fulfilling personal aspirations, for balancing labour supply and demand, for sparking innovation, and for transferring and spreading skills. Businesses are frequent and important users of national migration systems. Their experience with the practical workings of immigration policies, as well as knowledge of emerging market and staffing trends, can supply important information to governments and international organisations to enhance migration governance. Thus, the participation of the private sector in public-private dialogue is essential to the development of well-regulated migration systems. All employers benefit from clear, transparent, and efficient national immigration laws and policies that permit the movement of workers when and where they are needed. Overly complex and sometimes frequently changing systems hinder compliance with national laws and threaten labour market protections.

Fair Recruitment is an integral part of fair labour migration. Public and private employment agencies, when appropriately regulated, play an important role in the efficient and equitable functioning of labour markets by matching available jobs with suitably qualified workers.