International labor standards are legal instruments drawn up by the ILO's constituents -- governments, employers and workers – which set out basic principles and rights at work. They are either conventions (legally binding international treaties that may be ratified by Member States) or recommendations (non-binding guidelines).
The ILO adopts standards in a unique legislative process that integrally involves its government, employer, and worker constituents from around the world. Countries then consider conventions for ratification, a formal procedure whereby a state accepts a convention as a legally binding instrument.
The Governing Body investigates complaints alleging that countries have failed to comply with conventions they ratified. It sometimes forms commissions of inquiry to examine complaints, and refers others to the Committee on Freedom of Association.
A committee of the Governing Body, the Committee on Freedom of Association investigates complaints alleging that countries have violated freedom of association standards or principles
The 1998 Declaration commits all Member States to respect and promote principles and rights regarding: (1) freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining, (2) the elimination of forced or compulsory labor, (3) the abolition of child labor and (4) the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation. It also provides mechanisms for following up on this commitment.
There are at least 53 million domestic workers worldwide, excluding child domestic workers. In an interview with Al Jazeera America, Lawrence Jeff Johnson of the ILO Country Office for the Philippines talks about the historic ILO Convention extending basic labour rights to domestic workers around the globe.
The ILO and Columbus School of Law hosted a one-day conference to address both the questions and criticisms surrounding the interpretation and application of international labor law to domestic disputes.
Domestic Workers Bill of Rights26 September, 2013
On September 26, California became the third state to pass a law that includes domestic workers in overtime protections.
According to an ILO study from January 2013, Domestic Workers Across the World, domestic workers work for private households, often without clear terms of employment, unregistered and excluded from the scope of labor legislation. The signing of AB241 by Governor Brown sends a powerful signal to more than 50 million domestic workers worldwide.